Aponeurosis - what is it? Signs and symptoms of the disease

Probably many have heard the medical term "aponeurosis".What is it, know not all. Aponeurosis is a tendon plate with a large width. It consists of dense fibers from collagen, elastin. Whatever the aponeurosis, it will be a brilliant white-silver color. If we talk about its structure, it looks like tendons, but they lack blood vessels and nerves. The human body has several places where there can be aponeurosis, but only a few consider it important.

Plantar aponeurosis: features of

Plantar aponeurosis - what is it? The common name for this disease is the calcaneal spur. The definition is accurate, since the lesion is located at the junction of the plantar aponeurosis and calcaneus. It manifests itself in the form of severe pain near the heel. As a rule, painful feelings provoke a support on the foot or walking.

aponeurosis what is it?

Plantar aponeurosis attacks people 40-60 years of age or those who, by the nature of their activities, spend a lot of time on their feet.

The cause of the disease can be argued by the fact that in a normal state the aponeurosis is assigned the shock absorber function, maintaining the arch of the feet. But when there is a heavy load on the feet, then at the location of this formation, small cracks and tears appear. They can heal for a long time. It is from them that pain comes.

Similar pathologies in most cases can be corrected only by surgical intervention. Although sometimes resort to conservative therapy. In no case should you try to independently prescribe yourself a cure.

Pain sensations occur frequently. Usually, the pain worsens during an attempt to stand with support on the feet and when walking. Plantar aponeurosis can cause inability to move, and lead to loss of ability to work. Due to the therapeutic effect, pain can be reduced. Then comes a remission. Some cases ended even with clinical recovery. Only now the appearance of bone growth will remain until the end of life.

plantar aponeurosis

How to treat heel spurs?

Treatment is conservative in nature, and it will take a long time to do it. If all procedures are done on time, then there will be a persistent remission.

For the duration of therapy it is prohibited:

  • long walk;
  • stand on your feet;
  • to carry heavy things;
  • to make movements with pain.

It is necessary to temporarily use special orthopedic products. Together with this, the doctor will prescribe an analgesic, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

Palmar aponeurosis: signs of

disease In addition to plantar aponeurosis, there are other varieties of this disease. For example, the palmar is an aponeurosis. What is it and how does this type of disease manifest itself? This disease occurs on the palmar part of the entire human hand. And if the patient showed such a disease as Dupuytren's contracture, then it makes sense to talk about the pathology of the aponeurosis of the palm.

palmar aponeurosis

In this disease, scarring of this formation is observed. This is due to the fact that on it appear strands and knots. As a result, contracture develops. This is when one or more fingers are bent all the time. Most of all, this disease affects the stronger sex. Only now the reason could not be installed to this day. Some people are used to think that it lies in the injuries of the hands. But then every person of about forty would be the owner of such a disease.

The development of the disease is slow. The territory of defeat occupies two hands. There is only one way to cure palmar aponeurosis - surgery. So, with the manifestation of pain in the palms of your hands, you need to turn to specialists, and not to engage in self-medication.

Pain in the groin

Urologists, gynecologists and surgeons sometimes have to observe the patient's condition when pains in the inguinal region occur. Most often the diagnosis is one - aponeurosis of the abdominal muscles. The problem can be acquired and congenital.

Patients with this diagnosis complain of pain. Most often, painful sensations appear throughout the entire time. Unfortunately, it is not so easy to detect aponeurosis of the abdominal muscles. In the diagnosis of the disease should participate doctors of various specialties.

aponeurosis of abdominal muscles

Many people think that it is possible to solve such a problem with extremely conservative methods. Practice says the opposite, in this case, the operation is inevitable. When the tissue passes the period of surgical recovery, you can talk about the fact that a person will not have to experience pain again. According to statistics, it is possible to cure the aponeurosis of the stomach completely only in the operational way. At least 95% of the time it happens.

The aponeurosis of the external oblique abdominal muscle causes most trouble.

Aponeurosis of the internal oblique muscle of the abdomen

The passage of the muscle into its aponeurosis is carried out along an oblique line that extends from the bosom to the costal arch. The muscle is responsible for the strength of the abdominal wall, it is in front, in the groin area. The fibers of the aponeurosis are arranged in a horizontal position. They are also braided into the white belly line and form one of the layers of the vagina of the rectus abdominis.

Only in 10% of cases aponeurotic fibers have a connection with the transverse muscle. This leads to the formation of what is called the combined aponeurosis.

aponeurosis of the abdomen

Aponeurosis of transverse abdominal muscle

It is the site of the third and deepest layer of abdominal muscles and occupies an important place in the formation of inguinal hernia. The muscle passes into the aponeurosis along a line that connects the costal-median angle to the deep inguinal ring. The transition zone can be varied so that one level can contain both muscle fibers and aponeurotic ones.

Aponeurosis - what is it and where can it develop? We described this in detail in the article. So if you feel pain in these areas, be sure to visit a doctor. The faster you are on the operating table, the better for you.