What is the treatment for insomnia? Drugs and folk remedies
Insomnia is a condition in which night sleep is disturbed. However, a person can not fall asleep, often wakes up during the night, does not feel rested in the morning, he is tortured by nightmares. People who have a similar problem are concerned with the question of "how they treat insomnia."
This condition can be temporary, for example, when falling asleep in an unusual place, with excessive emotional arousal, as a consequence of taking certain medicines. The stimulating effect on the body, which interferes with night rest, is provided by such drinks as strong coffee or tea, as well as spicy food. If such violations are observed at least three times a week for a month, they diagnose "insomnia."Causes and treatment of such ailment will help determine the doctor.
A disease lasting for years exhausts a person. The main causes of this condition are stress, nervous and physical overload.
Chronic insomnia can be accompanied by impaired cardiac function, gnashing of teeth, trembling of hands and feet. There can be walking in a dream. Long-term disease affects the overall health. A person feels tired in the daytime, irritability, his concentration of attention decreases, memory worsens. The problem is often observed in the elderly. This is manifested by early awakenings, after which a person is no longer able to fall asleep.
Insomnia. Causes and treatment of
Among the most common causes, experts identify the following:
- psychological - anxiety, depression, a state of excessive arousal;
- physical - this can be the pathology of the respiratory apparatus, apnea, snoring, overwork, digestive problems, the presence of certain diseases;
- circumstantial - they include noises, sharp sounds, bright light, disturbances in the rhythm of sleep during shift work, etc.
Insomnia with climacterium
This phenomenon occurs quite often. Lack of sleep leads to problems with the nervous system, increased pressure, irritability, and heart disease can appear. In the daytime, a woman wants to lie down, and at night can not close her eyes. What is the treatment for insomnia in this case? This problem is solved with the help of sedatives and hypnotics. If this condition lasts a long time, you need to contact a gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Insomnia in the elderly
People of age like to rest in the daytime, and then do not close their eyes at night. This is not insomnia. The elderly should not get carried away watching television in the evening, calm down will help milk with honey, a warm bath. If a person has a strong nervous system, there should be no problems with falling asleep. But after a nervous shock, a dense dinner, a large amount of drunk fluids, strong tea or coffee, there may be insomnia. Diseases of some internal organs also often interfere with normal night rest.
Insomnia in children
Children under two years of age only develop a nervous system, which can manifest as disturbances in sleep and wakefulness. Breasts usually prevent sleep of colic, wet diapers, hunger, overheating, hypothermia, fears.
Conflicts, moving to a new place of residence can also cause such violations in children of any age. To interfere with normal rest can erupting teeth, pain in the ears, extraneous smells. Another reason for insomnia in children - the presence of parasites, while the baby delivers discomfort itching in the anus. A child who does not have a normal full night's rest, grows slowly and develops worse.
The effect of alcohol
A person who regularly drinks, first falls asleep easily and quickly. Then the body becomes addictive, and insomnia arises. Disease in people who suffer from alcohol dependence, is not treated at home.
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause that caused insomnia. A healthy person can get rid of the problem without using medicines. What is the treatment for insomnia, if the reason lies in the excessive excitability of the nervous system? In this case, rest, long walks in the fresh air, herbal baths will help. Before going to sleep, it is better to refuse to eat food, tea and coffee.
Positive effect has a soothing massage. If the problem is associated with a certain pathology, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease.
Traditional treatment of
What is the treatment for insomnia doctors? Therapy consists of the use of hypnotics and sedatives, tranquilizers-benzodiazepines, 3-drugs, melatonin.
With the help of such medications it is possible to alleviate the condition, but the problem does not disappear. In this regard, the reception of such funds should not last more than two weeks. If you regularly take such drugs, then in time without them it will be impossible to fall asleep at all.
Tranquilizers take in order to improve sleep, reduce anxiety, achieve relaxation, get rid of obsessive conditions. Such medications have many side effects, the list of which includes even a split personality, therefore they are prescribed only by a doctor.3-drugs are the same tranquilizers, only with a different composition.
Synthetic sleep hormone melatonin helps to get rid of a chronic disease, contributes to the regulation of the carotid cycle. Preparations with melatonin are recommended for older people. The course of treatment is no more than three weeks. Side effects - constipation, pain in the stomach, dizziness, weight gain, irritability, migraine.
Treatment with hypnosis
Such treatment is used by experienced specialists who are able to intelligently introduce and withdraw a patient from hypnotic sleep. Hypnosis from insomnia has no contraindications and can be used in the treatment of people of any age, except children under five.
Homeopathic remedies are used to treat such disorders. For example, "Aconite" is used when there are problems with sleeping and raising the temperature."Coffea" contains in its composition coffee, which contributes to falling asleep unlike a usual flavored drink. Chilibukha pharmacy is treated with irritability, and Arsenicum Album alleviates anxiety. The state of melancholy, anxiety is treated with "Ignacy".
This method helps to restore strength and normalize sleep. After the cause of the violations is established, a sanatorium treatment is prescribed. In this case it is necessary to abandon bad habits, adhere to the sleep and rest regime. Therapy is prescribed phyto-tea, massage baths, massage, physiotherapy. We recommend physical exercise, walking outdoors.
Treatment with folk remedies
Such treatment is safe and not addictive. Folk recipes for insomnia help to eliminate the problem, contribute to a good night's rest and restoration of strength. Next, consider some of them.
Seeds of dill
This folk remedy is harmless, it provides a deep and strong sleep. To prepare the medicine you will need half a liter of cahors or port. Fennel seeds( 50 g) are poured into the wine and cooked for about 20 minutes on a small fire, then wrapped and insisted for an hour. Then the product must be filtered. Take before going to sleep 50 ml.
Seeds of hemp
I use for periodic insomnia. Two tablespoons of hemp seeds should be crushed, sifted. Then pour them with hot boiled water( 200 ml), wrap and insist half an hour. Two hours before a dream, half a glass is drunk, another hour later - what's left. The drink should be warm. The course of treatment is two weeks.
Cones of hops
Cones( 2 tsp) pour a glass of boiling water. After wrapping, insist for four hours, filter.200 ml of the drug is taken before bedtime.
You can prepare alcoholic tincture. To do this, cones of hop are filled with vodka or alcohol( 1: 4).It persists for 14 days in a dark place, after which it is filtered and squeezed. Tincture is used in the morning and evening before eating five drops, diluted in a tablespoon of water.
Splintered cones of hop in the form of powder are taken at night as a soothing and hypnotic.
You can fill a small pillowcase with fresh cones of hops, sleep on it when insomnia occurs. Helps even in the most severe cases.
Use a decoction, infusion or spirit tincture of valerian. To make infusion, the root of valerian( 1 tbsp.) Is poured with boiled cold water( 1 tbsp.).You need to insist for six to eight hours, drain it. Adults take 1 tbsp.l., Children - 1 tsp each.three times a day.
To prepare the broth the crushed root( 1 tablespoon) is poured into a glass of boiling water, boiled for a quarter of an hour on a small fire. Decoction is filtered, taken three times a day. Adults have one dining room, children have one teaspoon.
Alcohol tincture is purchased at the pharmacy. Take according to the instructions.
Honey is the most harmless sleeping pills. Before going to bed, you need to drink a glass of warm water or milk with a tablespoon of honey dissolved in it. This remedy calms, promotes a sound sleep, positively affects the work of the intestines.
Baths with herbs are soothing and help normalize sleep. Take them before bedtime for 15-20 minutes.
Recipe 1. To make such a bath take Leonurus( 5 tsp), mint( 4 tsp), chamomile flowers. Grasses are ground, mixed and poured with boiling water( 2.5 liters).Insist for at least six hours. Before going to bed, fill the tub with warm water, add the infusion.
Recipe 2. You will need herbs - oregano, mint, motherwort on half a glass, 5-6 cones of hops. Herbs should be mixed, pour 4 liters of boiling water, wrap and insist for an hour. The filtered infusion is added to the bath water. The course of treatment is 14 days.
Scientists have studied the influence of music on the physical and psycho-emotional state of a person. It can help increase or decrease pressure, relieve muscle tension, activate memory and thinking processes. Specially selected melodies are able to rid the neurosis, help calm down and have a good rest at night.
Easy music from insomnia calms and prepares the body for sleep. If you use music therapy daily, the body will develop a conditioned reflex "music - falling asleep."
General recommendations of
To get rid of such a problem as night insomnia, you must adhere to some rules:
- to limit or eliminate the use of foods high in caffeine and other stimulants: coffee, teas( green and black), energy and alcoholic beverages, chocolate,sharp spices;
- to break the habit of falling asleep while reading a book or with a working TV;
- do not load the stomach in the evening. The last meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime;
- fall asleep in the darkness and silence, the air in the room should be fresh and cool;
- take care of convenience: the bed must be moderately rigid, even;
- in the evening it is useful to take a walk, take a warm shower or bath;
- not to sleep during the day;
- to observe the regime of the day;
- falling asleep, get rid of thoughts about problems and troubles.