Biochemical blood test - transcript
Diagnostics of the condition of internal organs, systems and well-being these days can be performed by various methods. Quite often, recently we are offered absolutely painless procedures that are supposedly diagnosed by external signs. However, the whole world still uses a blood test, urine, feces( coprogram) and sputum for a more correct diagnosis. Let us examine in detail the biochemical analysis of blood, the decoding of which often causes many questions in patients.
First of all, it is necessary to distinguish a general blood test from biochemical analysis. The general analysis of blood gives a picture in the first approximation, i.e. In the normal state of the patient, it is possible to detect a creeping inflammatory process. With the help of it you can also watch the dynamics of the disease. Biochemical blood test is appointed in case it is necessary to consider in detail the functioning of organs or vital systems of the body. Such an analysis determines a large number of parameters, which, more often than not, are absolutely incomprehensible to the patient.
In fact, a biochemical study is a biochemical blood test itself, a transcript and the corresponding conclusions. The analysis and decoding is done by the laboratory assistant in a normal clinic, but often the decoding is done by your doctor. The analysis is performed on an empty stomach, eating and drinking before it is not desirable 6-12 hours. Blood sampling is often done in the morning. The patient usually assumes a sitting or lying position, the blood is taken from the ulnar vein. Let's consider what exactly they pay attention to when deciphering the LHC.
As the result provides a huge number of analyzes, let us consider the main ten, from which all conclusions are drawn. The rest serve to correct the diagnosis of the main. The first important parameter is the common protein( freely in the blood).The norm is 65-85 grams per liter. Overestimated values indicate autoimmune diseases( nodular periarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis) and blood diseases( leukemia or erythrose), as well as cirrhosis of the liver. Underestimated indicators indicate fasting, long-term infection and kidney disease. In addition, by making a biochemical blood test, you can find out the level of cholesterol, triglyceride, common phospholipid, blood urea, creatinine, AST, ALT, LDH, KFK.Complicated? Let's understand.
Cholesterol - the so-called fatty alcohol, goes to the structure of the cell walls( betrays hardness) and sex hormones. The rate is 3.2-6.5 millimoles per liter. The increase is observed with alcoholism, abnormal thyroid function, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney diseases. Decrease is noted with anemia, liver disease, tuberculosis, acute pancreatitis and heart failure.
Go ahead. Biochemical blood test, interpretation of triglyceride level. Triglyceride - this is inherently fat, which must be converted into energy( but often goes into weight).The norm lies in the range of 565-695 micromoles per liter. It increases with alcoholism, kidney and thyroid problems, and also with fractures. Decreases, as a rule, do not occur.
Common phospholipids are fats, they are used to build cell walls( flexibility depends on them).The norm is within the range of 1.95-4.9 millimoles per liter. High values occur in severe forms of diabetes mellitus, chronic inflammation of the kidneys and cirrhosis. Low values indicate atherosclerosis, liver obesity and acute hepatitis.
Urea of blood is a product that appears as a result of protein breakdown, participates in the formation of urine. Norm in the range of 20-40 mg per%.The increase indicates a kidney failure, a decrease - about cirrhosis of the liver.
Creatinine - is formed in the liver with the final destruction of proteins. The norm is from 88( 44 in women) to 177( 141 in women) micromol per liter. The increase indicates renal insufficiency, a decrease in the low protein intake.
AST( aspartate aminotransferase) is a heart and liver enzyme, a diagnostic marker. The norm is 0.1-0.45 millimoles per liter. The increase indicates a past or near myocardial infarction, in part indicates hepatitis and muscle tumors. Decrease does not happen in nature.
ALT( alanine aminotransferase) is an enzyme that plays the role of a diagnostic marker. The norm is 0.1-0.68 millimoles per liter. The increase indicates a liver disease and partially indicates possible heart problems and some medications. Decrease does not happen in nature.
LDH( lactate dehydrogenase) is the most common enzyme. The norm is in the range of 0.8-4.0 millimoles per liter. The increase indicates a huge number of diseases and can be observed in tumors, leukemia, heart attacks, blood disease or hepatic tissue. Therefore, with a randomly defined increase, a more detailed analysis is carried out.
CKK( creatine phosphokinase) is an enzyme from muscle cells that forms energy. The rate is from 60 to 66 millimoles per liter. The increase gives an understanding of heart attack, damage to muscle tissue, alcoholism and poisoning with sleeping pills. Decrease does not happen in nature.
Now you have an understanding of what a biochemical blood test is( the decoding of which is far from simple) and what it means. Of course, do not try to independently diagnose yourself on the results found on the form - in this matter it is better to trust the specialist. This article will help you just to get a little acquainted with the composition of the biochemistry of the blood and understand what affects these or other parameters.