When a person has nothing to breathe, the cause can be many factors. Before considering the types and causes of difficulty breathing, let's clarify the terminology. The respiration process includes the inspiratory phase, the exhalation phase and between them pauses of different duration.
External manifestations, which we can see for themselves or their relatives, and even more so they will be noticed by a doctor, can be the following.
Slow frequency. A slow frequency is considered to be less than 12 respiratory cycles per minute. Doctors of this type of breathing are called bradypnoe. With bradypnea, the causes of difficulty breathing are associated with direct exposure to the respiratory center, for example, accumulated in the blood products of metabolism in infectious diseases or drugs and narcotic drugs.
Reduction of respiratory cycles - more than 20 per minute. Doctors of this type of violation are called tachypnea. This type refers to disorders that occur as a result of the fact that breathing is superficial and oxygen saturation is difficult. The causes of difficulty breathing with tachypnea are internal and are caused by the pathology of the central nervous system. Sometimes rapid breathing is a secondary sign. For example, with thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries, a feeling of sharp pain.
Hyperpnoea is a state of deep and rapid inhalation-exhalation. It turns out that breathing deeply and often is also not useful for our body. This leads to disturbances in tissue metabolism, which immediately affects the general condition of the body. The cause of hyperpnoea is the excitation of the nerve center( for example, strong emotions, fear).Diseases of internal organs and systems can also be the cause of this disorder. These include bronchial asthma, anemia, fever.
A condition where breathing stops, doctors call apnea. The most common form is nighttime apnea. The night stop of breathing can be associated with somatic disorders in the central nervous system and with uncomfortable position of the body during sleep. For example, most often apnea occurs in people who prefer to sleep on their backs. Therefore, the well-known recommendation to sleep on one's side arose from childhood.
The most common type of breathing disorder is shortness of breath, scientifically called dyspnea. Everyone noticed dyspnea and more than once. The first signs of this condition are that the patient does not have enough air, it is difficult to breathe and talk calmly. As we all remember, dyspnea occurs after physical exertion, too nourishing intake of food, due to heart failure, lung diseases and so on. This state is so familiar to us that we often do not think about it, but should we treat it? And most importantly, how to treat shortness of breath? The main way is to correctly diagnose and correct the state that causes it. It is necessary to contact an experienced doctor, the doctor will carry out a diagnosis and then prescribe a treatment.
If you have had a breath-breaking attack with someone before your eyes, the main thing is not to get lost. It is necessary to urgently call an ambulance, and before her arrival to sit or lay the patient, put the pillows under your head, you can open the window and try to calm. Only a doctor will be able to determine the causes of shortness of breath, and provide professional help.