Preventive nutrition: rationing and proper organization
About what a huge role is played by proper nutrition for the human body, everyone knows. In the people there is even a saying: "We are what we eat".Food should always be thought out, and the diet should be balanced.
But, there are cases when special requirements are imposed on food. We learn more about them.
Therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition was invented in order to prevent the adverse effects of various factors on the human body when it is found in unhealthy conditions in connection with professional activities.
It is aimed at improving the health status and preventing the development of occupational diseases.
A properly formulated diet enhances resistance, and the optimal use and combination of individual product properties protects the structure and activity of internal organs and systems. Thus, there is compensation for those beneficial active substances that are consumed more strongly by the action of poisons. Absorption of harmful substances is limited, and the process of removing them from the body is accelerated.
Consider how the individual substances influence the body.
Sulfur-containing amino acids and proteins form compounds that can readily dissolve and quickly release. This stimulates the creation of antibodies.
The useful properties of cottage cheese with its rich composition are widely used. Glutamic acid provides an antifibrotic effect. Thanks to pectin, heavy metals are more easily removed from the body. Vitamins fully exhibit their detoxifying properties. A beneficial effect on the body of ascorbic acid, as well as hepatic and milk-apple diet was noted. They neutralize the processes that begin to occur in the body under the action of ionizing radiation. Vitamins, in turn, are able to normalize the metabolism, changed as a result of the microwave field. Hyposensitizing effect is achieved due to increased consumption of vegetable oil, and reduced - sodium chloride and carbohydrates. Lead intoxication can be reduced by using more calcium.
Therapeutic and preventive nutrition limits the consumption of fatty and salty foods, the salt itself. It is known that the salt stops the liquid and prevents the elimination of toxins. Therefore, therapeutic and preventive nutrition assumes a plentiful drink, so that all garbage and harmful substances can be removed faster.
This nutrition is achieved due to milk and its derivatives, vitamins and pectin.
The organization of treatment-and-prophylactic nutrition consists in drawing up the right diet. Dietary nutrition contributes to the preservation and strengthening of people's well-being. Unfortunately, very many, having good health, treat the food neglectfully until they spoil it. Because of bad food, working capacity decreases, immunity weakens, resulting in chronic diseases.
Therefore, there are many people who already at a young age get gastritis, ulcer, cholecystitis and colitis. Then for them it becomes vital to have special therapeutic and preventive nutrition.
In recent years, and for our country, after the "developed" West, the problem of obesity becomes urgent. The reason for this is a sedentary lifestyle, overeating and eating poor-quality food. Because of this, extra pounds appear, and after them the functioning of the heart, vessels and liver is disturbed. The joints and spine are affected. As a result, there is diabetes and other serious diseases.
Dietary nutrition is a very important part of the treatment. Its relevance has increased significantly in recent years. Prophylaxis is carried out, and at the same time the state of health improves in case the disease proceeds in a latent form.
Treatment and prophylactic nutrition then leads to a rapid recovery and recovery of strength. Acute forms of the disease gradually become chronic, and therapeutic agents become more effective. In many cases, even if medicines are not used, one dietary diet has a great therapeutic effect.
It is necessary for almost any disease. If it is a question of treating a child, then the diet should be made only under the guidance of a doctor.
Basics and features of power supply
The organization of therapeutic and preventive nutrition is based on its physiological norms. If a person is sick, it is necessary to satisfy all the needs of his body. At the same time, the optimal ratio of the main substances( carbohydrates, proteins and fats), other elements( in the form of trace elements, vitamins, fatty acids and amino acids) should be calculated. When dietary nutrition is determined and calculated features of the assimilation of food, depending on the patient or a healthy state of the body.
Based on the survey, the most appropriate products are selected, as well as the appropriate treatment and regime. Rations of therapeutic and preventive nutrition should be selected in strict individual mode and ensure the work of the digestive tract, as well as gently affect the damaged organs and help restore the body as a whole, compensating for the loss of nutrients.
Local and general action must be taken into account. Local influence affects the gastrointestinal tract and sensory organs. With the general - the composition of blood, nervous and endocrine system, as well as internal organs and systems of the body.
Dietary meals provide for unloading days, workouts and contrasting days. Duration of the diet depends on the disease and severity. In addition, the climatic conditions, traditions, habits and individual intolerance of certain substances influence the situation.
Dietary and therapeutic and preventive nutrition should be made taking into account the physiological fluctuations of any nutrient, because the body is strongly affected by both its lack and overabundance. So, the protein protects when the phosphorus is combined, and when the chromium is applied, the amount must be lowered. Consumption of fats in the diet should in any case be reduced.
Hygienic science today develops and improves the diet, taking into account new technologies and forms of production. In Russia to date, there are 8 rations for working in conditions:
- with radioactive substances and X-rays;
- with inorganic chlorine compounds, cyanide, phosgene and so on, as well as concentrated acids;
- with chemical allergens;
- with lead;
- with chlorinated hydrocarbons, selenium, arsenic, silicon compounds and others;
- with phosphorus;
- with benzene;
- with mercury, brominated hydrocarbons, thiophos, carbon disulfide, barium, manganese, beryllium compounds and others.
There are some workers employed in such production, where the issuance of preventive treatment is replaced by vitamin preparations. This category includes:
- employees who work in conditions of high temperature and intense heat radiation;
- people engaged in the production of nicotine, tobacco and makhorka.
In addition, for those who regularly contact toxic substances, milk should be given out daily.
Treatment and prophylactic nutrition this product is usually issued in the dining room, buffet or directly at the workplace for half a liter a day.
Since 2009, however, instead of it it is possible to give out equivalent food products enriched with vitamins. Milk can be replaced with sour milk products, cottage cheese, cheese, condensed or dried milk, meat, lean fish or chicken eggs. Vitamin preparations or therapeutic and preventive drinks can also be given.
In non-working days, vacation, business trips, work in other areas, as well as people in the hospital or staying in the hospital, milk delivery and preventive nutrition is not provided.
The value of the products issued is not included in the income of the employee.
Thus, the company's management takes care of its personnel( which is an additional incentive for good work performance) and increases its rating.
Treatment-prophylactic food products are manufactured in separate companies. For example, Leovit Nutrio produces jelly, soups and instant compotes."Sibtar" produces cereals, legumes and oilseeds, subjecting them to complex complex processing.
The dry protein mixture "Normoprotein", which does not contain fat, has gained notoriety. It can also be used by workers engaged in harmful working conditions, since the composition includes a large number of vitamins and trace elements. Especially often, the dry mix is used in those types of production where it is necessary to consume high-quality protein. It is an effective means of preventing harmful chemical effects on the human body, and also prevents a pre-condition after high physical and nervous loads.
Separately it is necessary to say about Ust-Labinsky combine, which production receives the increasing approval from consumers.
Krasnodar plant of children's and preventive nutrition
Several years ago Ust-Labinsky Dairy Plant was completely modernized, which is located in the Krasnodar Territory. The so-called factory of children's preventive nutrition 1, it has become one of the most productive and high-tech sites not only in Russia, but also throughout the CIS.
As raw material milk is accepted here, which meets the highest quality. It undergoes innovative cleaning by bactofugation and microfiltration.
In the first case, the dead toxins and bacteria are removed from the milk, and in the second, which has been called "cold pasteurization", microorganisms are extracted from the milk, thus protecting the structure of the protein.
Krasnodar plant of therapeutic and preventive nutrition produces a whole series of food products from milk. Manufacturers call their products "live" and recommend that they be consumed by the whole family, including children.
The Children's Prophylactic Nutrition Plant 1 produces many products that children love very much. Therefore, they are very popular with the younger generation.
Special preventive health food products are subject to special requirements. For example, it is necessary to provide complete information about the true content of active substances that make up the products. From the point of view of medical and biological value, a nutritional evaluation must be carried out. The products are subjected to laboratory tests to confirm the absence of any harmful effects on health. In order to release goods for sale, it must meet all the requirements of medical and biological and sanitary-epidemiological nature.
Norms of the physiological plan are based on the basic rules of rational nutrition. These are the average values that correspond to the best needs of specific groups of the population. They are based on the nutrition of medical and preventive institutions and in diet canteens.
The norms differ depending on the sex of the person, his age, the type of work activity, the state of the organism and the climate. Particularly important for the size of the portion are the energy costs in the course of the work. Depending on the intensity of physical exertion, the norm is divided into 5 groups.
In addition to physiology, dietary nutrition is based on hygiene and biochemistry, that is, knowledge of the substances that make up the products, as well as maintaining a balanced regime. Causes and forms of the existing diseases, features of digestion are also taken into account.
Special attention is paid to cooking technology. Therapeutic diet is a part of complex therapy. Rational treatment of the disease without it becomes impossible. Therapeutic diet can be both the main method of treatment, for example, if there are congenital disorders in the assimilation of some nutrients. It also becomes one of the parts of complex measures, for example, with diseases such as gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes, obesity and so on. The delivery of therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition can promote the strengthening of various therapies and prevent the development of complications of diseases. This refers to chronic hepatitis, gout, urolithiasis and other diseases. With hypertension, nutrition is one of the main methods of treatment and prevention. With radiation sickness, burns, infections, tuberculosis and in the postoperative period, nutritional therapy helps the process of recovery and the transition of the disease into a chronic form. Norms are determined based on the international classification of diseases.
Features of nutrition for various diseases
In addition to certain working conditions, age and similar factors, different diets are prescribed for different diseases. Norms can be divided into 10 large groups, within which there are several specific rations.
- Nutrition in diseases of the digestive system.
- Nutrition in diseases of SSS.
- Nutrition in diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract.
- Nutrition for problems with the endocrine system.
- Nutrition in diseases associated with metabolic disorders.
- Nutrition for rheumatism.
- Nutrition for infections.
- Nutrition for patients undergoing surgery.
- Health food.
Diets in the first case are very diverse. With acute gastritis, it is first recommended to drink only liquid in the form of water, tea with lemon or broth of rose hips. Then the diet is chosen with the most sparing regimen. In the chronic course of the disease, diet therapy as such is not required, but the principles of rational nutrition should still be respected. With ulcers, nutrition should be subject to strict regimen, and when gastric resection is prescribed frequent meals with high protein content, and reduced - carbohydrates. Diseases of the intestines, as a rule, are accompanied by constipation or diarrhea. Depending on this and the necessary diet is prescribed. When liver diseases are limited intake of protein, fat or both. In case of problems with the gallbladder and pancreas, a sparing diet is first shown.
The general rule of the diet for cardiovascular diseases is to limit the intake of table salt. You also need to reduce the intake of sugar.
The same rule applies to diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. Depending on the disease, an increase or, conversely, a decrease in protein intake may be prescribed.
With endocrine system diseases, nutrition is varied, but strict food intake must be observed.
Metabolic disorders are in most cases a consequence of poor nutrition. Therefore, you should switch to healthy foods and eat the right foods.
With rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis, protein intake is usually increased, and fats and carbohydrates are normal.
Infections should be provided with adequate nutrition, but with a small reduction in carbohydrate intake.
Patients with injuries, burns, in the pre- and post-operation period increase the intake of protein. And the food should be puree and jelly.
Separately it is necessary to tell about faces of advanced age, and also pregnant women and nursing mothers. In old age, the need for protein decreases, especially of animal origin. Also reduce the intake of carbohydrates. Care should be taken to fatty foods.
When carrying a child and during lactation, adequate nutrition is especially important. As a general rule, table salt is excluded from the diet in general or limits its intake. For healthy pregnant women, there are no bans on food. When lactating, additional energy costs occur. Therefore, during this period, as in pregnancy, more calories are required.
Thus, it turns out that therapeutic and preventive nutrition plays a huge role for human health. It can reduce the risk of developing diseases when performing special professional activities, accelerate recovery and rehabilitation after illness. In addition, therapeutic and preventive nutrition for children will help the child develop better physically and mentally.