Hospitalization is the direction of the patient for inpatient treatment. Refusal from hospitalization
Hospitalization is the placement of a person in a hospital if he needs medical treatment or examination. Also, such an event is held if a woman soon gives birth.
There are several types of hospitalization.
Emergency hospitalization is the provision of emergency care in a hospital according to the indications of health. In order for the patient to be placed in a hospital, he is given a referral. It can be given by an ambulance or by a doctor in charge. It is necessary that the patient's hospitalization is done in a timely manner. The correct diagnosis is also influenced by the treatment process. If the patient receives a referral for hospitalization in a clinic, he is given an outpatient card or an extract from it. When a person is hospitalized by ambulance, the patient is provided with an accompanying sheet.
Information in documents
In both cases, the accompanying medical documents should contain the following information:
- Data on the latest patient studies.
- Recommendations of narrow specialists, if the patient underwent examination.
- List of treatment activities that were provided to the patient.
- Information about the length of incapacity for work of a person should also be indicated.
- Information about the purpose for which a person is sent to a medical institution.
Refusal of hospitalization
There are cases when patients refuse to go to the hospital. In this case the doctor is obliged to take with them an application for refusal of hospitalization. You should know that the patient himself is responsible for the health condition.
Planned hospitalization is the placement of a person in a hospital according to the indications. In this case, the preparatory stage is an important part. When the patient is diagnosed with an accurate diagnosis, all the measures aimed at his examination are carried out, then in the hospital it will be possible to immediately go to the necessary procedures. The latter will lead the human body in order.
If the preparatory phase for hospitalization is not carried out in full and there is a possibility that the diagnosis is incorrect, then the hospital will have to spend time on additional examination of the patient and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis. And only then go to the treatment.
Features of hospitalization
It should be noted that there are diagnostic centers that operate in large medical institutions. They significantly help to relieve inpatient treatment.
Receiving rest is the starting point for hospitalization. Here the doctor determines whether the diagnosis is correctly diagnosed and makes the final decision on placement in the hospital. There are cases when a patient may be refused hospitalization for one reason or another. Also, the emergency room may need urgent help to the patient. When a person acts, he is examined by the doctor on duty, without fail he studies the accompanying documents and determines the patient in the appropriate department. If a child arrives at the hospital, whose age has not reached one year, is in serious condition, and also if he is breastfeeding, then the mother can be placed with him.
If the patient is refused hospitalization, the doctor records in a special journal, where he indicates the reason. Also, a person is given a different direction or some recommendations. In addition to the reason for refusal of hospitalization, the journal records information about what assistance was provided to the patient upon arrival at the admission office.
Also in the journal are the passport data of the person who entered the admissions office. You should know that if the patient is unable to communicate them, for example, he is unconscious or can not speak for some other reason, the passport information is recorded from the words of relatives. If they are not available or they are for some reason absent, then the information is provided by the persons who accompany the patient. It should be known that physicians should reconcile data on documents with the patient's personality. When such data can not be obtained and a person does not have a passport, the record is made in a separate journal and is notified to the police.
The important point is that the hospital does not have an infection. Especially if the hospitalization of children. If the patient was a carrier of a virus and entered the department, this fact is reported in the SES.The patient's clothing, medical personnel and the entire department are disinfected.
If the child is delivered to a hospital without an adult's supervision, then it is necessary to inform them about it.
It is necessary to pass tests for hospitalization of the planned. And their list can be different depending on the type of separation. Let's look at the main studies that adults need to undergo before they go to hospital, followed by surgery:
- A blood test is common. It is valid for 10 days.
- Blood test for determining blood sugar. Valid for 10 days.
- Biochemical blood test. It is needed to determine bilirubin, protein and creatinine. This analysis is valid for 10 days from the date of delivery.
- Blood test for the determination of Rh factor. Valid 1 month from the date of delivery.
- The patient needs to pass urine. This analysis is valid for 10 days.
- You also need to donate blood for AIDS and the presence of hepatitis B and C markers. These tests are valid for 3 months.
The patient also needs to undergo an electrocardiogram. If there are deviations in the ECG transcript, then a cardiologist's conclusion about contraindications is needed. Validity of the results is one month from the date of the examination. If a person has not done a fluorography for more than a year, then you need to go through it. The conclusion of an ENT, the therapist and the stomatologist is still required.
The list of tests to be completed before hospitalization with conservative treatment is slightly less. This list excludes biochemical analysis, blood for HIV and hepatitis. Also, there are no conclusions from the ENT and the dentist. If a child with an accompanying person is hospitalized, then it is necessary that the latter be given fluorography.
Compulsory hospitalization is the placement of a person in a hospital without his consent. This is done in the case when there are suspicions that the patient is not mentally healthy. The decision on hospitalization can be made by the attending physician according to the data available to him. Either the doctor can give directions for hospitalization at the request of relatives. If the situation is critical, then the application can be filed orally.
Now you know that hospitalization is the placement of a person in a hospital. We have considered all the important aspects.