When should I take an antibiotic for diarrhea in adults?
Each of us can face such a problem as diarrhea. An unpleasant phenomenon can completely disable and chained to bed, or rather, to the toilet. And since a tight working schedule does not provide for such a "holiday", many are ready to use any potent drugs, just to return to the usual way of life. Antibiotic for diarrhea in adults is the very first choice, and usually a person does not previously visit a doctor. As a result, instead of one problem, two are obtained at once. Today our goal is to analyze in detail the mechanism of action of antibiotics in diarrhea, and also to discuss the rationality of such treatment.
What is diarrhea
This is a condition in which frequent defecation is noted, while the person experiences pain and discomfort, and the stool becomes watery. This condition can lead to dehydration, so you can not postpone treatment. But also to accept that has turned up on arm, also does not follow. Antibiotic for diarrhea in adults helps, but only if the cause of its development are certain bacteria. In all other cases, it will only aggravate the situation.
Causes of diarrhea
Diarrhea is a consequence of improper functioning of the intestinal tract. As a result, the digestive process is accelerated, which leads to the dilution of stool and frequent defecation. But the causes of this condition can be very different. In this case, the antibiotic for diarrhea in adults is used only in some cases. To determine the cause without special examination and tests you are unlikely to get, so be sure to first consult a doctor. Do not forget that diarrhea is not a disease, but only its symptom.
Listening to your body
Are you concerned about abdominal pain? The causes of diarrhea can be various gastrointestinal diseases. However, suddenly they usually do not appear. If you have regular or intermittent problems with the intestines, digestion, etc., but you still postpone the trip to the gastroenterologist, do not be surprised that at one "perfect" moment, a strong diarrhea begins. In this situation, you need immediate advice from a specialist. Diarrhea can be a symptom of ulcerative colitis. In this case, the antibiotic for diarrhea in adults helps only as part of complex therapy, so it is necessary to undergo examination and get the appointment of a doctor.
Other variants of
Diarrhea is a symptom that accompanies dozens of diseases. To quickly get rid of the painful diarrhea, you need to know exactly, because of what he appeared. Below we will name the main reasons.
- Poisoning by stale products. In this case, toxins enter the intestine, and the body tends to withdraw them through a liquid stool and vomiting. Treatment of diarrhea with antibiotics in adults is inappropriate in this case. Much more useful will receive sorbents. The most famous option is activated carbon or Smecta.
- Viral infections. There are a lot of them: they are enteroviruses, rotaviruses and adenoviruses. Hepatitis also sometimes causes diarrhea. At the same time antibiotics are completely useless, viruses are unreceptive to them.
- Helminths can also cause diarrhea. In this case, it is the result of intoxication with the products of the vital activity of parasites.
The main cause is infection by pathogens. They can penetrate into the intestines with unboiled water, unwashed products, with non-observance of personal hygiene. In this case, there are specific symptoms. It can be copious bloody or green discharge with an admixture of mucus. Often there is a high fever and vomiting.
It should not be forgotten that the appearance of blood is a very disturbing symptom that requires immediate diagnosis. He can testify about hemorrhoids and intestinal cancer, Crohn's disease. To be engaged in a selftreatment in this case it is impossible.
If there is no time to go to the hospital
A banal stomach upset is seen by few as a serious disease. If you do not have severe pain, but there are secretions of greenish color, without blood and mucus, then at first you can try classical therapies. However, remember that if diarrhea persists on the second day, you need to see a doctor for more effective treatment. What antibiotic for diarrhea in an adult to choose - definitely difficult to answer. We will list only well-known drugs for informational purposes.
- The most effective remedy is "Levomycytin".This is one of the best antibacterial drugs, acting against a large number of infectious agents, belonging to different groups. Take it 2-3 times a day for 1 tablet. The duration of therapy is up to a week.
- "Amoxicillin" - this antibacterial agent has well proven itself in the fight against various intestinal infections. Take 2 tablets 3-4 times a day.
- "Metronidazole" is another broad spectrum agent against many different pathogens. Take it twice a day.
- "Ciprofloxacin" is a very strong preparation against pathogenic microorganisms that cause diseases of the digestive tract and urogenital system. It is recommended to take for 5 days.
Remember that the action of the antibiotic should be noticeable during the first day. If time goes on and there are no improvements, it means that you have chosen the wrong way: either the drug is chosen incorrectly, or the cause of diarrhea is completely different. In this case, always consult a doctor.
Diarrhea after antibiotics in an adult
Such a problem is not rare. If the drug is picked up incorrectly or there was an overdose of antibiotics, after a few days unpleasant consequences will appear. Long-term use of antibacterial agents, even justified and recommended by the attending physician, leads to the death of the entire microflora. Drugs all the same, useful or harmful bacteria live in your intestines, so after the course you will need a long time to restore the natural microflora. Not in vain because in parallel with the treatment of these drugs doctors prescribe prebiotics and probiotics.
It turns out very entertaining thing: you take drugs in order to get rid of diarrhea. As a result, all useful bacteria perish in the intestine, and diarrhea develops when an antibiotic is taken in an adult. What to do next? In fact, such an outcome can be predicted in advance, since there are certain risk factors.
Do not rush to take antibiotics
You need to weigh the pros and cons, so that you do not face such a disorder. What should I avoid( of course, if the cause is not in pathogenic bacteria, and if the doctor did not recommend this particular treatment), so as not to develop diarrhea? Antibiotics! In adults( how to take drugs to avoid such consequences - we will discuss later), there are a lot of options for solving the problem, including you can resort to alternative medicine. After all, our grandmothers and great-grandmothers were treated, without resorting to powerful artillery? So we leave antibacterial therapy for the most extreme case. And if it does come, consider the following risk factors and adhere to certain rules:
- Age of the person. The older you are, the more vulnerable the microflora becomes. The risk group includes people who are more than 65 years old. As for young children, it is necessary to choose preparations for them with great care, and it is advisable to give it to the doctor.
- The presence of acute and chronic gastrointestinal diseases. It's no secret that taking antibiotics has a bad effect on the intestinal microflora. If you have a history of chronic illness, then you should consult with your doctor before starting treatment.
- Diarrhea can provoke too high doses of drugs, so do not try to speed up the recovery thus.
- Very harmful to disrupt the regimen of antibacterial drugs. It can be a frequent change of different medicines, arbitrarily shortened or stretched course.
Dysbacteriosis after treatment
The probability of such a violation should be known to everyone. Approximately in 7-10 days, diarrhea can develop after antibiotics in an adult. What to do and how to help your body? The reason for this complication we already mentioned: under the influence of the drug, useful bacteria perishable are killed. As a result, there are pains, bloating and a new attack of diarrhea. Most often this reaction occurs after taking strong antibiotics: tetracyclines, cephalosporins, taken in tablets and capsules.
So, we have diarrhea after antibiotics in an adult. Treatment should not include taking antibacterial drugs. In fact, such a disorder goes by itself and does not require specific therapy. However, to help your intestines to recover faster, additional therapeutic measures are used.
Organize food in a special way from the day you feel the symptoms of diarrhea. It is required to exclude all fatty, fried, smoked and sweet. Be sure to drink plenty of water. In the first days of food is better to refuse, and as the function of the intestine is restored, gradually include in the diet croutons and dietary meat, cottage cheese and light yogurt, baked apples and buckwheat porridge.
If you follow the right diet throughout the treatment and during the recovery period, that is, 10-15 days after drug withdrawal, then there is no such problem as diarrhea from antibiotics. What to do( the adult usually does not have time to spend several days a month at home and treat diarrhea), if you are faced with such a complication? Go through all the stages of the diet. That is, give up food completely, and then gradually add food to the diet.
There are special medications that help if diarrhea has started from antibiotics in adults. How to take them? To restore the microflora, Bifidumbacterin is perfect. It is very good to use it from the first day of the end of taking antibiotics, mixing with natural yogurt. Dilute the contents of the bottle in half a glass of sour milk drink and drink 2-3 times a day. It must be taken at least 2 weeks after the end of taking antibacterial drugs.
Throughout the course of treatment it is necessary to drink sorbents. It can be Smecta or activated charcoal. Take them one packet or two pills three times a day. Only not immediately after taking medication, maintain a certain interval. As a rule, such information is necessarily contained in the instruction. Sorbents help to remove toxins and protect the microflora. Also, in order to mitigate the effects of antibiotics, it is recommended to take the sour-milk product "Narine" throughout the period of treatment and recovery after it.
Diarrhea when taking antibiotics in an adult is common, but it is easy enough to avoid. The main thing is to get useful information, and with such questions it is best to contact a specialist. Be healthy!