What is a roseolous rash?
One of the types of eruptions that can appear on the skin of a person is a roseolous rash. In children, it usually accompanies the disease of roseola - it most often overtakes people at a tender age, but sometimes it happens in adults. In addition, adults can find in themselves such a rash with pink deprive, typhoid, typhus or syphilis. In rare cases, rashes accompany scarlet fever or mononucleosis, which are also traditionally considered childish.
Appearance of the roseo-olyd rash
The rose-olyl rash is a pale pink or red speck of round or irregular shape with clear or fuzzy edges. Their diameter varies from one to five millimeters, they are flat - they do not rise above the skin. Have a smooth surface. If you press on the stain or stretch the skin, the redness disappears.
Roseo-papular rash: a description of
In some cases, the rash, which in all respects is suitable for the definition of rose-leaf, is still different from it. Spots have a convex shape. And then it is advisable to talk about rose-papular papular rash, that is, there are also papules on the skin. A papule is a fragment of a rash that rises above the skin. All the other characteristics( color, size, shape) - correspond to the usual rose-oleic rash.
This rash of mixed nature indicates much more serious ailments: infectious mononucleosis or typhoid.
Roseola in an adult
As noted above, this ailment is considered a child's disease. In adults, it occurs in extremely rare cases and, as a rule, affects people with serious autoimmune abnormalities. If the person is relatively healthy, then the herpes virus of the sixth and seventh group, which is the cause of roseola, will cause only the chronic fatigue syndrome. And then those who are over 60.
But if the roseola has overtaken the adult, then its manifestations will be:
- High temperature( often to critical marks).
- Pain and aches in the body.
- Enlarged submandibular lymph nodes.
- Roseous rash, which appears about the third day after the onset of the disease.
No special treatment is provided. Unless it is necessary to accept antipyretic preparations. And the temperature and the rash usually go away on their own several days later.
Rash with pink depriveda
Much more often adults are ill with pink deer Zhibera. In the risk group, people from twenty to forty years old are prone to allergies and have weakened immunity( for example, after ARI or other advanced disease).As for the reason, scientists do not yet have a common opinion. Some believe that the causative agent is streptococcus, while others blame one of the varieties of herpes in all.
With pink lichen, too, there is a roseolous rash. The very first spot, as a rule, jumps out on the skin of the chest. It is a plaque of bright pink color, called maternal. Sometimes such spots can be several, and about seven days after their appearance, they have "babes" - small pink spots with a smooth surface that do not connect with each other, scattered throughout the body. This "breeding" usually lasts three weeks. By dying, the speck can peel off and turn yellow in the middle, but the edges remain smooth. After 21 days of illness the rash begins to come to naught. The spots turn pale and disappear.
In addition to rashes Zhibera accompanied by mild discomfort, minor itching, sometimes in the midst of the disease, the submandibular and cervical lymph nodes increase, the temperature may rise, but not too much.
There is no specific treatment in this case. The patient is usually prescribed a diet, the rejection of synthetic clothing, the use of body cosmetics, washing with a hard washcloth, etc. In particularly difficult cases( if there is severe itching), they can prescribe antihistamine preparations or corticosteroid ointments for topical use.
Is there a rosaceous rash with typhoid fever
A serious disease like typhoid fever is also usually accompanied by the presence of small pink or reddish spots on the skin with a smooth surface. In this case, there is no itching. The appearance of rashes is due to the fact that the permeability of blood vessels is disturbed, and the skin becomes impregnated with blood.
As a rule, typhoid fever appears on the abdomen, on the upper part of the abdomen, and on the chest. It can be found approximately on the eighth-ninth day of illness, when the disease reaches its peak. In the same period, a person's temperature rises sharply, he is overtaken by lethargy and apathy, consciousness is clouded.
Sometimes there is a rose-osseous-petechial rash - roseola, plus petechiae( blood points) in their center. This symptom is very disturbing. It indicates that the course of the disease is unfavorable.
In the standard cases, the rash occurs on the third or fifth day, and the patient begins to recover.
Roseola with typhus
Roseo-petechial rash is a typical symptom of another formidable disease - typhus. Especially if it is in severe form. Appear rashes about the fourth or sixth day of illness. Localized in the upper part of the trunk( usually in addition to the face), on the folds of the hands, on the sides. Sometimes they can be found on the abdomen, back or legs.
After two or three days the rash passes, leaving behind pigmented areas on the skin.
Rash with syphilis
Separate type of rash is syphilitic roseola. She, as it was already possible to guess, affects the skin with syphilis. It has three stages.
First chancres appear - small sores, having solid bases in the center. They are localized on those parts of the body through which the infection occurred: the genital area, the area around the anus, the mouth.
After twenty-fifty days chancres disappear, and they are replaced by typical rose-oozing rashes. The traditional place of "dislocation" is the trunk, arms and legs. New spots appear with a fairly high speed - a day for 10-15 pieces, and so for about nine days. Are located chaotically.
At the final stage, syphilitic roseolae darkens, turns yellow-brown or brown, becomes covered with a crust, under which you can find purulent foci and dead soft tissues. Later, crusts fall off.
Still, most of all, rose-osseous rash is typical for a disease that most often affects children at a very early age. The reason is the same as in adults, one of the types of herpes.
The disease begins with a sharp rise in temperature to the highest marks, while knocking it down is not easy. And after three days on the body appears a pink rash. After approximately the same time, the rashes will disappear, and the disease will come to naught.
Other manifestations of roseola include an increase in lymph nodes, and sometimes of the liver and spleen. Also, blood rises or, conversely, leukocytes decrease. The child can become listless and irritable.
The disease itself does not need special treatment, but its symptoms often have to be removed: give the baby antipyretic, make compresses on the lymph nodes. Sometimes doctors prescribe an antiviral agent and definitely recommend to increase immunity.
It is believed that it is best to treat this illness in childhood, since complications it causes extremely rarely, and adults suffer it much harder.
Similarities with other diseases
Sometimes rashes are confused with other types of rash, which complicates the diagnosis of the disease.
- The roseolous rash, the photo of which is presented in this article, for example, is similar to the spots that occur with allergies. But allergic rashes can appear on any part of the skin. And rosetoose have their "favorite" places: the stomach, the chest. The person is very rarely affected. In addition, they do not itch.
- You can also confuse roseola with rubella. But with the last spots appear at the very beginning of the disease, and not after a few days.
- Still sometimes especially troubled parents take for a rosewola a usual brothel, which usually is located only in those places where there is an increased sweating: in folds of skin on the limbs, on the neck.
This rash has three typical signs that distinguish it from other types of rashes: it almost never appears on the face, occurs several days after the onset of the disease and is not accompanied by itching.
Prevention of roseola
Although doctors do not see anything dangerous in this disease, they urge their parents not to panic( they say, the sooner the child gets sick, the better), but, of course, moms and dads would want him to pass their child at all.
As the basic preventive measure it is possible to name prolonged thoracal feeding which strengthens immunity of the kid. In addition, the more a child breathes fresh air, the more qualitatively his food, the more he is tempered, the less chance to pick up a roseola. If the baby's body is weakened, it is better to limit his contacts with strangers. Everyone can get infected with the herpes virus, but not everyone will get sick of it. Let you and your children be like that!