What are vitamins in black currant? Their influence on the body
The etymology of the name of the black currant goes back to the word "smorod", meaning "strong smell" in the translation from the Old Russian language. And this is really justified, since among all species it is the black currant that has a tangible aroma not only of the fruits themselves, but also leaves, buds and twigs. In this article, we will look at the vitamins in the black currant.
Currant bush is a member of the gooseberry family and can have a height of up to two meters. Most often the currant blooms in May and June, berries ripen in the middle and late summer. Currant bushes are planted in autumn in the prepared soil. Usually after planting, they bear fruit for the second or third year. The early, medium and late-ripening currant varieties are distinguished. The fruits are large in size and round in shape. These are very fragrant berries, which, in addition to black, can also have purple, dark red, and sometimes brown shades. It should be noted that it is necessary to collect the ripened fruit after two weeks, since they can lose up to seventy percent of vitamin C.
Where is the currant used?
Black currant is used in a wide variety of culinary arts, from it boiled jam, jam, compotes, jellies, desserts, jams, sauces, wine. It is also added to pastries and is used in marinades for fish and meat. It is very valuable that even the cooked black currant retains medicinal properties.
It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of this berry. It is a source of vitamins, it helps protect the entire body from various diseases. Those who adhere to a healthy lifestyle and care about their health, you need to include in your diet black currant. So, what vitamins are there in black currant?
Characteristics of the composition
Black currant is a real storehouse of medicinal substances, its berries contain a high content of vitamins such as A, B, E, P. It also contains pectins, phosphoric acid, sugars, essential oils, tannins, potassium salts,phosphorus and iron, vitamin K.
Leaves contain not only vitamin C, but also manganese, phytoncides, silver, magnesium, lead, essential oil, sulfur and copper.
It should be noted that vitamin C is contained in black currant in such large quantities that to maintain the daily requirement of a person in ascorbic acid you need to eat every day only twenty berries. What vitamins contain black currant, are of interest to many.
Useful properties of berries
Black currant contains much more medicinal substances, minerals and vitamins than in other berries. That is why it is a product of a measured and healthy diet that increases the immunity stability, strengthens and heals the body as a whole, is beneficial for a variety of diseases.
What kind of diseases helps?
In addition, black currant is an excellent remedy for the prevention of heart and vascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease, malignant tumors. It prevents diabetes and visual impairment, does not allow to weaken the intellectual abilities of people of advanced age.
Black currant also benefits from diseases of the liver, kidneys, respiratory tract. It is recommended to use this berry in the presence of progressive atherosclerosis. What is the content of vitamin K in the black currant, we now know.
In order for the body to function properly, not only vitamin C, contained in blackcurrant in large quantities, is needed, but anthocyanidins, which have antioxidant characteristics, so that the berry has an anti-inflammatory, disinfecting effect, is used in the treatment of sore throats. What vitamins are found in black currants? This is a common question.
The whole use of juice
Juice made from black currant has an excellent restorative effect and is therefore especially useful during periods of weakening of the organism or after operations.
Berry broth provides invaluable help for gastritis and peptic ulcers( like stomach, and so duodenum), with anemia and hypertension, as well as bleeding gums. During a severe cough, you must take the juice of black currant, combined with sugar and honey.
As this berry is a strong antiseptic, it helps in the fight against sore throat: to do this, gargle with juice mixed with water.
Very important is the quality of black currant, such as preserving during the home preparations of all its medicinal properties. This also applies to freezing.
Black currant is also used to strengthen nails. For this, it must be rubbed directly into the nail and into the skin around it. Currant is a good helper in the fight against freckles and pigmentation spots, gives the skin a lighter shade.
What vitamins are in the black currant, namely in the leaves are available?
What is the benefit of the leaves?
Blackcurrant leaves are not only the main component of very tasty tea, but also have a general strengthening effect on the body, have healing properties due to the fact that they contain tannic and biologically active substances, phytoncides, essential oils and vitamins. It is interesting that vitamin C in them even more than in berries, and therefore they are used as antiseptic, tonic, antirheumatic, cleansing, anti-inflammatory and diuretic.
Blackcurrant leaves are also used for the therapy of cardiovascular diseases, with gout and gastritis. As a remedy used on the basis of their infusion. It promotes the excretion of excess urinary and purine acid from the body, and is also used as a gentle laxative, with bleeding and metabolic disorders. What vitamins in the black and red currant are present?
Application in folk medicine
In folk medicine it is advised to use decoctions of kidneys, branches and leaves of black currant for the therapy of eye diseases, exudative diathesis and dermatitis. In the past scrofula in children was treated with blackcurrant leaves.
For making a decoction, infusion or tea, both fresh and pre-dried leaves are taken, preferably, they are young. From these leaflets you can make a vitamin drink that strengthens immunity in spring and summer. To do this, boiled water is mixed with any sour juice, and then this mixture must be filled with blackberry leaves, insist for a day, then strain and drink every day for half a glass, adding sugar if desired.
In addition, from the leaves can make fruit vinegar. To do this, fresh leaves are laid in a jar, poured with cooled boiled water, to them sugar is added from the ratio of one hundred grams to one liter. Then you need to cover the resulting mass of gauze and sour for two months, then strain and pour into bottles. Here what vitamins are rich in black currant.
Broth based on currant leaves is added to the baths for the treatment of rashes and various skin diseases.
Since the leaves have a unique aroma, they are an important component in the processes of pickling, canning and salting. Often the leaves are also canned, and then added to dishes from vegetables, fish, meat, salads and give them piquancy, contribute to vitaminization.
For canning it is necessary to select rather large, but at the same time gentle black currant leaves. They are well washed, densely packed in glassware and poured brine( added three hundred grams of salt per liter of water).
In addition, the bright aroma of the currant benefits the garden and vegetable garden, because for many pests such a sharp odor is intolerable.
We examined what vitamins are present in the black currant.