Renal colic. Treatment, symptoms, diagnosis
Renal colic is a very common phenomenon. Pain during attacks can be intolerable. The patient simply needs to provide immediate assistance.
The main cause of renal colic is a sharp change in urine flow. The attack occurs when the outflow of urine is disturbed. Other causes may be increased pressure in the pelvis and impaired blood flow in the kidneys, spasms of the ureters, stones, inflammation of the kidneys, allergic reactions. In some cases, it is not possible to establish the exact cause of the occurrence of colic.
Symptoms may appear suddenly and also disappear suddenly, regardless of the position of the person, physical activity or rest. The pain is always strong, cutting, spreading from the waist and can be given to the hip and groin area. Pain can be weakened and intensified, it can not be called constant or aching. Renal colic, the treatment of which can not be prescribed without clarifying the reasons, requires the establishment of a correct diagnosis.
In order to correctly establish the diagnosis, the doctor must necessarily know the answers to such questions as:
- whether the patient has a history of urolithiasis or kidney disease;
- when does renal colic occur? Is it conjugated with loads or prolonged walking?
- where is the pain localized?
- are there any situations in which the pain becomes weaker?
- is there a disorder of urination?
Renal colic. Treatment of
How to treat renal colic? If the diagnosis could not be determined accurately, the patient had fever, it is not recommended to be treated independently. It is necessary to immediately get back to the help of doctors who must take the patient to the hospital. There he should be prescribed antispasmodics and pain medication intravenously or intramuscularly, in order to pass renal colic. Treatment can be thermal. Applying bags with heated sand or warmers, sessile tubs. For elderly patients or patients with different types of tumors, with heart failure or blood in the urine, thermal procedures can not be prescribed. In some cases, novocain blockades can be used to make the pain of renal colic less painful. Treatment with acupuncture and electro-puncture is also popular. If all these methods do not give a positive result, a catheter is inserted into the ureter and its stenting is performed. An additional method of treatment is physiotherapy( exposure to currents, vibration, sound or ultrasound).
In some cases, immediate surgical intervention is required. The patient undergoes surgery if there is purulent inflammation of the kidney( pyelonephritis), blockage of urine entering the bladder, if the patient has only one kidney, there is a large calculus that blocks the urinary tract.
Renal colic. Treatment with folk remedies
Many people want to get rid of the pain themselves and look for the answer to the question: how to remove renal colic? However, with acute pain, self-medication is not worth it.
There are recipes that can help with mild colic.
20 grams of raspberry leaves, one hundred grams of birch branches, ten grams of cucumber and the same number of leaves cuff in five liters of boiling water. For an hour put in heat, wrap, drain it into a bath filled with water to the waist. You need to sit in the tub for twenty or thirty minutes.
The root of a dandelion, juniper fruit, a bearberry leaf, a shepherd's bag take one tablespoon. Fruits of an anise and parsley to take in quantity of five spoons( everyone).Boil two tablespoons of this collection in 400 ml of water for half an hour. Take the drug should be in the amount of 200 grams in the morning and at night.