How is the auditory tube catheterized?
Catheterization of the auditory tube is one of the diagnostic and treatment procedures that allows to insert a catheter through the nasopharynx into the Eustachian tube. Such manipulation makes it possible to assess the ventilating capacity of the hearing organs, as well as to introduce a medicine for the treatment of certain ailments. If there are some violations, the doctor can perform the purge procedure.
Catheterization of the auditory tube is carried out for:
- Evaluation of drainage as well as ventilation functions.
- Treatment of tubotitis.
- As an auxiliary procedure, if there is no effect of the politicization.
So, the procedure is carried out if patients often complain of heavy breathing, especially through the nose. As a rule, this is due to the violation of drainage and ventilation functions.
In the presence of a disease such as tubo-otitis, catheterization of the auditory tube is performed with the introduction of medications. This procedure allows you to evaluate the performance of organs. In this case, the doctor can act directly on the affected area. This greatly speeds up the recovery process.
Also catheterization is performed in the absence of the effect of such a procedure as politicization. This is due to certain features of the structure of the sky, as well as the Eustachian tube.
Preparation for procedure
Catheterization of the auditory tube is performed only in the specialist's office of a narrow profile. It is impossible to conduct such manipulations at home. Before the procedure, the doctor must prepare the patient. First of all, the specialist irrigates the nasal cavity with a special solution that has a vasoconstrictive effect. This allows you to improve the result of catheterization, as well as reduce tissue swelling.
Before the procedure, it is also recommended to clean the nasal passages from accumulated mucus, since it can interfere.
How is the catheterization of the auditory tube performed? The technique is quite simple. However, during the procedure, you must be careful. All manipulations in the doctor's office are carried out. When carrying out the procedure, a specialist inserts a catheter into the nasopharynx, which has a peculiar form. To perform all manipulations, the doctor must lift the tip of the patient's nose. Because of the special form of the catheter, the procedure should be performed by a physician with extensive experience, since in the process it is possible to damage the mucous membrane. In this case, a high concentration is required.
catheter is inserted As already mentioned, the catheterization of the auditory tube should only be performed by an experienced doctor. With this procedure, there is a risk of damage to the tissues of the mucosa. Therefore, the catheter is inserted gradually, with the beak down. This procedure is not very pleasant. However, if the doctor has sufficient experience, the patient will not practically experience pain and discomfort. In addition, before the procedure, the tissues of the nasopharynx are irrigated with 5% solution of novocaine.
Difficulties in the catheterization of the auditory tube cause various curvatures of the partitions. In such situations, the doctor must carefully avoid all obstacles, while turning the device. The risk of tissue damage when the septum is bent increases.
It is necessary to choose a clinic and a specialist in advance to carry out similar manipulations. This issue should be approached with all responsibility.
When performing a procedure such as catheterization of the auditory tube, rough movements and jerks are not permitted. Such manipulations can lead to a serious rupture of the mucosa. And this, in turn, can cause severe bleeding.
A physician who does not have experience and skill can mix up the mouth of the Eustachian tube with the nasopharynx. This can also cause serious consequences. In this case, purging or administering the drug will only exacerbate the patient's condition. If during the procedure the patient feels severe pain, then this should be told to the doctor. In such cases, the specialist must stop manipulation.
If the procedure is not performed correctly, submucosal emphysema may develop. This leads to pain when swallowing. In addition, the patient will feel that there is a foreign object in the pharynx. The presence of such a deviation indicates a strong swelling of the sky, which can be detected by visual inspection.
Catheterization of the auditory tube, reviews of which are mostly positive, although patients note discomfort, is performed quickly and gives good results. However, there are a number of contraindications. This procedure is not carried out when:
- There is an acute inflammatory process.
- Neurological ailments.
- Parkinson's disease.
- Psychological disorders.
In such cases, the procedure can cause the development of serious complications. It is for this reason that many specialists rarely resort to catheterization of the auditory tube, but are turning to alternative methods.
Disadvantages of the procedure
Catheterization of the auditory tube with "Dexamethasone" and other drugs is an effective procedure for a number of diseases. However, it has some drawbacks. First of all it is necessary to distinguish the invasive method. The procedure is not very pleasant. Often impressionable people lose consciousness during the catheterization.
In fact, the procedure is extremely rare, carried out in the hospital. To diagnose diseases, objective methods of research have recently been used, among which endoscopy of the inner hole of the auditory tube and otoscopy with the use of a video-telescope.