What is irradiative pain?
What is irradiative pain? At the root of the phenomenon lies the formation of uncomfortable sensations that can be localized in various parts of the body, which are remote from the place of real development of the pathological focus. For example, irradiating pains in the abdomen with bowel infringement can give back. The same often happens when the stone passes through the urinary tract.
The principle of the formation of irradiating pain
Any pain develops as a result of signaling the development of the pathological process to the receptors that are in the internal organs and skin. This is due to the allocation of special chemicals from damaged or destroyed cells. The latter, getting into the blood, move towards the nervous synapses located along the entire length of the spinal cord.
Further impulses are redirected to the brain. If special C-fibers of the autonomic nervous system are excited, irradiating pain develops, in which unpleasant sensations are perceived by a person in a place remote from the true source of the problem.
There are so-called trigger points on the human body. It is in these areas that irradiating pain is formed. They can be detected by pressing or puncturing with acupuncture. These points are active in absolutely healthy people. However, they are the most sensitive in people who suffer from diseases of the abdominal organs, the cardiovascular system. With such ailments, irradiating pain can be formed under the scapula, as well as along the entire length of the spine.
The most common types of irradiating pain
The following trigger points are most often activated in the development of the irradiative pain syndrome:
- In the shoulder region - in the presence of liver pathologies, ulcerative colitis, cholelithiasis, rupture of the spleen, pneumonia.
- In the head area - such irradiating pain can be caused by hypothermia of the throat, for example, as a result of eating cold food. Often, headaches develop after a long stay in a strong freezing wind.
- In the upper limbs - with cardiovascular diseases.
- In the spine area - people with acute appendicitis sometimes experience severe discomfort not in the abdominal cavity, but in the lower back. Irradiating pain in the lower back can also be felt in diseases of the stomach.
Diagnostic features of
How do doctors find out that it is precisely irradiating pain that worries a person? First of all, experts resort to palpation, in other words, pushing the main trigger points on the body. If necessary, the patient goes to the neurologist, who resorts to special tests and tests aimed at determining the real source of pain.
The final conclusion on the presence of irradiative pain is derived from the analysis of the composition of urine and blood. If suspicions for displacement of uncomfortable sensations as a result of development of pathologies of organs and systems, patients can be assigned such studies:
- chest X-ray;
- heart echocardiography;
- ultrasound of pelvic organs and peritoneum;
- Passing a thorough examination from a surgeon, neurologist, cardiologist, and other narrowly focused doctors.
Elimination of irradiating pain
It is usually difficult to establish an objective reason for the displacement of discomfort from the focus of the disease to other areas of the body, as the irradiating pain can arise as a result of the formation of a wide variety of pathologies. Therefore, before resorting to specific actions aimed at making the patient feel better, an accurate diagnosis is required. That is why, when suspicions of irradiating pain, specialists resort to such a wide range of diagnostic procedures, which we mentioned above.
In general, for the removal of pain, doctors can prescribe the following groups of drugs to patients:
- analgesic tablets of general action;
- means, the effect of which is directed to vasodilation;
- muscle relaxants, which lead to relieve tension from the heart muscle and surrounding tissues;
- medications that activate metabolic processes.
As can be seen, irradiating pain is diagnosed and eliminated by a variety of methods. To help the doctor clean up the discomfort, the patient needs to keep track of how the syndrome is formed, what exactly it is manifested. All this information is communicated to the specialist. If the results of the preliminary examination confirm the absence of pathology at the site of pain, the exact cause is determined by the use of instrumental diagnostic methods.