Glossitis: Symptoms may be different
With a disease called "glossitis", the causes of which are very diverse, in almost all met almost everyone. This is called inflammation or damage to the tongue, which occurs for a variety of reasons. However, the usual damage, caused, for example, by a random bite of the tongue, passes quickly.
Acute or chronic glossitis, the symptoms of which cause a lot of discomfort, requires compulsory treatment.
Disease can occur in different parts of the tongue. Each type of disease has its name.
In the very thick of the tongue there is a deep glossitis that can cause an abscess or the appearance of phlegmon: a purulent inflammation that can spread deep into the mouth, cause inflammation of the chin or even the neck.
The back of the organ can be affected by desquamative disease, better known as "geographical language".In this case, the papillae atrophy, on the epithelium appear keratinized areas, which significantly reduce the taste sensations.
Folded glossitis, the symptoms of which are expressed in the increase of the tongue, the appearance of folds around the papillae, traces from the pressed teeth, can be not only an independent disease, but also a concomitant sign of another disease.
People who abuse alcohol, chemical drugs, tobacco, can develop a "black hairy" form of the disease. In this case, the papillae strongly thicken, expand. Sometimes they can reach three centimeters, acquire a dark brown, sometimes black. Sometimes this form worries patients only with an unusual kind of oral cavity, but more often, a black tongue can cause itching, gag reflex, sensation of foreign matter in the mouth. It is interesting that sometimes the symptoms disappear without treatment, although often lead to more serious complications.
With a lack of B12( vitamin), folic acid in the body manifests the Gunther form of the disease, a characteristic feature of which is a bright crimson glossy look of the tongue.
Syphilis in the third stage of development causes interstitial glossitis, the symptoms of which indicate the neglect of a venereal disease.
Against a background of gastritis, ulcers, a median lesion may occur, which disappears only when the underlying disease is treated. One of the most unpleasant forms of the disease is Candidiasis glossitis caused by thrush, some types of fungal lesions.
There are many reasons for the disease. Before listing the most common of them, it should be noted that glossitis, the symptoms of which constantly vary depending on the type of lesion, can be an independent disease or consequence of another.
What causes defeat?
• Infections. More often - oral cavity, less often - others.
• Damage to the tongue: mechanical, chemical, thermal. Harm can cause sharp seasonings, very hot food.
• Incorrect structure of the teeth.
• Alcohol, nicotine.
• Some constituents of dental elixirs, pastes.
Despite the fact that each type of glossitis has its own characteristic symptoms, there are common signs in all forms of the disease.
• Appearance of multicolored plaque, stains, thickenings or depressions in the tongue.
• Change the color of the language.
• Violation of proper salivation - the appearance of dry mouth or increased salivation.
• The presence of bad breath.
• Limitation of language mobility.
• Restriction of gustatory sensations.
• Deterioration of health, weakness.
Glossitis, the symptoms of which are manifested in different ways, can be conditionally divided into catarrhal or ulcerative, which can occur in acute or chronic form.
With a ulcerative form of ulcers, with catarrhal - swelling and redness.
Avoiding the disease is quite simple. It is necessary not to abuse harmful food and drinks, thoroughly brush your teeth and tongue.