The deviation of the tongue in stroke
The deviation of a language is its deviation to the right or left of the middle line. If a healthy person is asked to stick out his tongue, he will easily do it, and he will be located exactly in the middle of the mouth. If the sublingual nerve somehow does not work properly, then one can observe the deviation of the organ of speech.
It is the disorders in the functioning of the nervous system that lead to problems in the work of the muscles of the tongue, and sometimes the face. Most often, such changes occur due to brain diseases, for example, as a result of a stroke.
What is a stroke?
Stroke - a violation of the blood circulation of the brain, coupled with neurologic symptoms that do not go on for several months. This is a very serious disease, in which a quarter of cases are fatal. The same part of patients becomes first degree invalids. And some of the people who have had a stroke gradually return to normal life. However, this takes a very long time, because in most cases, patients need to learn how to move and talk anew. Often patients are confined to bed and can not take care of themselves on their own.
The deviation of the tongue in stroke is only one of the symptoms that can manifest. As a rule, cerebral hemorrhage greatly affects the neurotic state of the patient, and in addition to the deviation of the organ of speech, there may be atrophy of the facial muscles, the inability to move the limbs from one side, sometimes complete paralysis of the body or its separate parts. The deviation of the language in the UNMIK leads to a serious violation of speech. Is it possible to completely rehabilitate, get rid of the disease and how to do it?
What causes the deviation of the language?
Why does the deviation of the language go to the left? The reasons for this are rooted in neurology. Deviation can occur because of the incorrect operation of the sublingual nerve. In this case, the muscles of the organ of speech on the left side become substantially weaker than those on the right. Therefore, when you push the tongue out of the oral cavity outward, it shifts to the weaker side. Similarly, the deviation of the language to the right occurs.
Also deviation can appear due to the unevenness of the face, when the facial muscles on one side are much stronger. In such cases, when the tongue protrudes, it will also move to one side. In some cases, this occurs quite unnoticeably, and sometimes the pathology is seen very well. However, the language itself functions normally, and its muscles on both sides have the same strength.
Diagnostics of deviation of the
language It is not always easy to diagnose the presence of deviation of the language. But in most cases, the patient just need to stick it out. Seeing the deviation, the doctor can draw a conclusion about which side of the muscles is weaker. For example, if there is a deviation of the language to the right, the reasons lie in the fact that this area of the face is less strong.
However, not always deviation is associated with brain diseases. Sometimes such deviations can be explained by the lack of development of facial muscles on one side.
To determine what the doctor is dealing with, the patient is usually asked to make a rapid movement of the tongue in both directions. In this case, it will be seen with what force these manipulations are carried out.
If such measures do not help, then the patient should be asked to press the tongue on both cheeks from the inside in turn. For example, a specialist conducts the diagnosis of the right side. He checks the force of pressure with the help of the hand from the outside of the right cheek, trying to counteract the power of the tongue. In this case, the specialist will be able to evaluate how his muscles work, and to understand whether there is a deviation of the language to the right.
Treatment of deviation of the
language It should be noted that deviation is not an independent disease, it is only a symptom manifested due to other diseases. Therefore, getting rid of such manifestations entirely depends on the treatment of the ailment that caused it. In case the cause is a stroke, which happens most often, it is necessary to eliminate the violation of the blood supply to the brain. As soon as this problem is eliminated, the nerves will return to normal, and, consequently, the symptoms associated with neurology will also disappear. If the matter is in facial muscles of the face, then it is necessary to consult a doctor and use special exercises to develop muscles that lag behind the other side.
The deviation of the child's language
Stroke or curvature of the facial muscles - the phenomena for the child are unprecedented, however children also face the deviation of the tongue. As a rule, the cause of this symptom is dysarthria or an erased dysarthria.
This disease is caused by a violation of the signal from the brain to the muscles of the articulatory apparatus. At the same time, an incorrect nerve signal can affect both the muscles of the child's face and the tongue.
Not many children face this phenomenon. However, cases were fixed. Most of those suffering from such disorders appear to look like perfectly healthy children, and only a doctor is able to determine that the child has a dysarthria.
Symptoms of a dysarthria in a child
When a neural signal is transmitted, the child's face becomes inactive and does not express any emotions with the help of facial expressions. The patient's lips are often pinched, the corners are lowered down, a similar expression persists in the child almost constantly.
In severe cases, due to illness, the child can not close his mouth and keep the tongue in the oral cavity. Also, with dysarthria, the patient often has a deviation of the tongue. If you ask the baby to stick out the organ of speech, you can notice that it is difficult to keep it on the middle line to the child. Language slightly shakes and deviates to the side.
Dysarthria difference from an erased dysarthria
As a rule, with dysarthria a pronounced lack of mobility of the face is observed, which is very easy to see on the face of the child. Also, there are other signs, such as a lack of coordination in the movements of the hands and disorientation in space. Basically, children with dysarthria do not like drawing, molding from plasticine or any other kind of activity that requires the use of fine motor skills.
However, there are more and more children who perfectly cope with all kinds of activities, like to draw and engage in creativity. At the same time they have a mobile facial expression, they smile a lot, laugh and are no different from a normal healthy child. The only thing that gives the presence of dysarthria is the deviation of the language. Typically, the children suffering from this disease, the language is quite thick. If you ask the child to stick it out of his mouth, you can see that the tongue shakes and deviates to the side. The manifestation of such symptoms in medicine is called erased dysarthria.
Combines both diseases with slurred speech. The child can lisp, swallow some sounds. At the same time, it is rather difficult to understand what the child is saying. The speech is extremely illegible and inarticulate.
How does dysarthria affect a child's psyche?
Basically, all children suffering from an erased or expressed dysarthria have unstable psyche. They are characterized by frequent changes in mood, throwing from extreme to extreme. The child can be, on the one hand, excessively vulnerable, constantly crying for trifles, on the other hand, can become aggressive, rude adults, and conflict with peers. Such children are rarely good students, as a rule, they are inattentive and do not understand the essence of education.
How to get rid of child deviation?
In order to get rid of the deviation of the language in the child, complex treatment is absolutely necessary. Many parents believe that with erased dysarthria, it will be enough only to go to a speech therapist, which will help the child correctly pronounce the words. However the diagnosis in this case puts the neurologist and to appoint or nominate treatment too he should. As a rule, a child is prescribed not only classes with a speech therapist and training correct pronunciation of sounds, but also a course of massage of the neck, collar zone and chin. Also often in therapy, face massage with hands and a probe massage of the tongue are used. Achieve the result with the help of any medication in this case is simply impossible, you need a regular effect on the source of the nerve impulse.
Treatment of the deviation of the language in both the adult and the child is primarily to treat the disease that caused the deviation of the tongue from the midline. It is impossible to get rid of this problem without complex measures. Often, doctors recommend combining therapy aimed at the disease itself, as well as symptomatic treatment, which mainly includes massages and training. These measures will return the language and muscles of the face as soon as possible to a normal state. It is necessary to pay special attention to the deviation of the language in the child, as it is often possible to determine the presence of the disease only on this basis.
The main thing is timely treatment, because otherwise complications can develop. The most common are the development of inarticulate speech, difficulty in pronunciation of words, inability to pronounce any words( loss of speech).