What inhalations for bronchitis are most effective
Inhalation with bronchitis is useful when the first signs of the disease occur. There are many options for this procedure. Let's try to figure out which of the inhalations will be most effective for bronchitis.
The most commonly used forms of inhalation:
- Inhalation of particles of various medicinal substances in the form of an aerosol or in a suspended state in pairs of herbal decoctions.
- Inhalation of a positively or negatively charged aerosol.
- Inhalation of vapors of sea or mineral water.
Depending on the temperature, inhalations are wet( water temperature 30-35 ° C), heat and moisture( 35-42 ° C) and steam.
For inhalation with bronchitis, a method such as insufflation is often used. Its essence lies in the inhalation of powdered drugs( sulfonamides, antibiotics).For the spraying of medicines, special powder blowers are used - insufflators. In acute and chronic bronchitis apply special insufflators - chalery.
The most accessible are steam inhalations. Inhalation with bronchitis can be carried out, either with the help of special inhalers( type IP), and with the help of heating water or decoction of medicinal herbs. When using the inhaler, ascending vapor is inhaled from the face mask into which a volatile drug is added. Along with the medicine, the active factor for this form of inhalation is hot water vapor. It helps to increase blood flow, stimulates cellular metabolism of the mucous membrane, perfectly dilutes sputum. The most suitable temperature for steam is 40-45 ° C.Very often for carrying out steam inhalation use alkali, thymol, menthol, eucalyptus, decoctions of leaves of a camomile or a sage. The course of treatment - 10 procedures, and for chronic forms of bronchitis - 15-20.The duration of inhalation for bronchitis should be 10 minutes.
Despite its usefulness, steam inhalations are contraindicated in such diseases as severe tuberculosis, acute pneumonia, hemoptysis, pleurisy, polyposis and mucosal hypertrophy, ischemia.
During wet inhalation with bronchitis, the drug is injected into the respiratory tract by means of a portable inhaler by spraying without heating. For this type of procedure, antibiotics, bronchodilators, phytoncides, saline solutions are used.
Thermal inhalation for bronchitis dilutes sputum, stimulates the process of mucociliary clearance, accelerates the excretion of mucus, eliminates persistent cough, improves drainage function of the bronchi. For this procedure, medicinal substances having mucolytic and bronchodilating effect( sodium bicarbonate, antiseptics, mineral water, bronchodilators) are used. One inhalation usually requires 25 ml of solution. The whole procedure lasts 10 minutes. The most effective are inhalations for acute and chronic bronchitis.
Air inhalations for bronchitis are carried out by spraying from special cans of medications, which are easily evaporated with compressed air or gas( propellants).They need to be carried out for 10 minutes every day. For such inhalations, drugs with bronchial and mucolytic effects are used.
Recently, inhalations are very popular with bronchitis nebulizer. This procedure is very simple. A medicinal liquid is poured into the container and the inhaler is turned on. It should be located above the patient's head, so that the therapeutic couples come down from above. Only nebulizers produce microparticles of a drug smaller than a micron. This size of the drug allows it to easily penetrate the respiratory tract. Inhalation in bronchitis in children with nebulizer significantly facilitate the procedure with the use of medicines. To make such an inhalation for a small child, you simply need to place the device above its crib and turn it on. Even during sleep the child will inhale the medicinal means. Getting directly into the respiratory system, medications begin to act immediately, almost without affecting other organs.