Biomycin: instructions for use and feedback
One of the best antibiotics that suppress growth and cause the death of microorganisms in dysentery, abscessed pneumonia, Bruce's disease, typhoid fever and other serious illnesses of people is Biomycin. The instructions for use describe it as a drug that can simultaneously act on different microbes and is often used in the pasteurellosis of rabbits for therapeutic and preventive purposes. In addition, "Biomycin" is used to stimulate the growth of young animals as a feed additive.
Description of the preparation
"Biomycin" is an antibiotic that is produced by the microorganism Actinomyces aureofaciens. The preparation is produced in the form of a yellow crystalline powder, bitter in taste, but not odorless. Poorly soluble in water( at a temperature of +18 only 1.3%), solutions of yellow color;The pH value is between 2.7 and 2.9.
The drug is stable in slightly acidic medium and in air, but it is easily destroyed in solutions of alkalis and strong acids. The chemical structure allows us to classify Biomycin as a group of tetracyclines, which also includes Terramycin, Tetracycline, and Oxytetracycline.
The activity of the drug is determined by the results of biological standardization and is expressed in units of action( ED) or in weight ratio. One ED is equivalent to 1 μg of chemically pure chlorotetracycline hydrochloride.
Ointment "Biomycin" instructions for use describes how a suspension of solid particles in the aqueous phase of the emulsion. This is due to the insignificant solubility in water.
Biomycin, possessing a broad antibacterial spectrum, is effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, as well as rickettsia and certain types of viruses.
Indications for use
"Biomycin" in the form of a solution, ointment or powder can be prescribed for intramuscular administration, as well as external and internal application. With the help of this antibiotic, many infectious diseases are treated( malignant carbuncle, necrobacteriosis, Balkan flu, dysentery, coliparatifosis infections).At the same time, semi-finished products that are added to feed, accelerate the growth of young animals."Biomycin" instructions for use for animals recommend use in acute diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary diseases of lambs, calves and pigs, as well as in the Pullorose of birds of the order of chickens.
This broad-spectrum antibiotic can be used for healing of mechanical damages of aquarium fish covers.
As for contraindications, the use of "Biomycin" is unacceptable with increased sensitivity to the constituent components.
Dosage and method of taking
Biomycin( powder) is recommended for use in the preparation of solutions for intramuscular administration. Despite the fact that the drug itself has an excellent therapeutic effect, the best effect is achieved with simultaneous administration with sulfanilamide agents( with a calculation of 0.1-0.2 g per rabbit).
In the treatment of hemorrhagic septicemia, the recommended dose of antibiotic is determined by taking into account the animal's weight( 20 to 25 thousand Biomycin units per 1 kg).The duration of therapy of pasteurellosis is 3-4 days, provided that the drug will be administered to the body of sick rabbits twice a day.
In the chronic form of hemorrhagic septicemia, treatment is performed in a different way: for the first 3 days, the animals are given preparations that have a broad spectrum of bacteriostatic action, which are part of the sulfanilic acid amide derivative group, then the same number of days, Biomycin, and again sulfanilamide agents.
When taking antibiotics, you should refrain from feeding the rabbits with silage, which can trigger the appearance of diarrhea.
Biomycin solution is administered to animals in the latent period, some time before the vaccination. The interval between the first and second injection should be at least 8 hours. Thanks to the use of Biomycin, the animal is saved from possible death.
Inside the antibiotic is assigned to rabbits for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, less often - for colds. The recommended dosage in these cases is 0,1 -0,15 g twice a day for a duration of treatment of 3 to 5 days. In order to prevent the emergence of coccidiosis "Biomycin" instructions for use allows you to give rabbits in a mixture with food at a rate of 0.01 g per animal. Prophylaxis is recommended to continue for 5 days.
Within 1.5-2 months, to accelerate the growth and development of young animals, starting from the age of 20 days, 0.005-0.1 g of Biomycin can be given. Instructions for use in veterinary medicine indicate that if the recommended dosages and the timing of antibiotic use are not met, rabbits may die. This is due to the poor tolerance of the drug.
Side effects of
Exceeding the recommended doses of "Biomycin" can cause poisoning. In the case of using the drug for longer than the prescribed time, there may be the appearance of stomatitis, vomiting, diarrhea and edema. When such side effects occur, it is necessary to reduce the dose of the drug or to completely abandon the use. The veterinarian will make a decision after the degree of intolerance of the drug has been established.
"Biomitsin": instructions for use for chickens
According to the laboratory data obtained at the Belarusian Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, with the use of fodder "Biomycin" for two months, the growth of chickens was accelerated by 25.5%, with the use of pure preparation - by 21%.When feeding birds with forage and fodder fortified, their weight increased by 27-29%.
The weight of broilers fed by "Biomitsin" to two months old ranges from 1.5 to 1.7 kg. This is quite logical, because the growth and development of chickens is accelerated by the action of antibiotics. This drug is in great demand among people engaged in the cultivation of poultry for sale, because when receiving "Biomycin" the growth period is reduced from 91 days to 70.
Approximately the same reaction to the antibiotic in turkeys, ducks and goslings."Biomycin" is recommended not to be given in pure form, but with food.
The cost of the preparation and the storage conditions of
"Biomycin"( instruction for use indicates this) must be kept in a dark and dry place where the temperature does not rise above 20 degrees. Shelf life of the drug is no more than six months.
Despite the fact that the reviews on this antibiotic are mostly positive, some people engaged in farming animals are forced to abandon the use of "Biomycin" because of the difficulties that arise with its acquisition in Russia. Veterinary pharmacies offer mainly foreign analogues of the drug.