Arrhythmia: reviews of doctors
Arrhythmia is a pathological condition that is associated with a heart rhythm disturbance. If a person is in a calm state, then the frequency of heart rhythms should be 60-80 beats per minute, sometimes the number of these blows is reduced or, conversely, increases.
Why arrhythmia occurs
Arrhythmia can occur for a variety of reasons. Here are the main ones:
- Abuse of bad habits, including alcohol and smoking.
- Drink beverages that contain a large amount of caffeine.
- Status of permanent stress. Excessive physical activity.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Diabetes mellitus and brain diseases.
- Obesity and menopause.
Naturally, this is not all the reasons, but they are considered basic. If a person is diagnosed with an arrhythmia, feedback about the course of this disease will be very diverse, as both the causes and symptoms of pathology also differ.
What symptoms are worth paying attention to
Sometimes it happens that a sick person can not feel absolutely no symptoms, but more often patients need only to listen to their body and pay attention to such signs of pathology:
- rapid or, conversely, slowed downpalpitation;
- palpable pain in the chest;
- severe dyspnea;
- loss of consciousness.
It is impossible to treat this disease, as this can lead to serious complications.
Types of arrhythmia and doctors' reviews
In medicine, there are several types of arrhythmias, and each of them should be considered separately:
- The most common sinus tachycardia. With her, if the patient measures the pulse in a calm state, he can count more than 90 beats per minute. In this case, the patient feels, as a rule, not too bad, but at the same time feels a frequent palpitations.
- Sinus arrhythmia is different in that the rhythm of contraction of the heart muscle is disturbed. That is, the heart beats that slowly, but, on the contrary, quickened. At risk are mainly children and adolescents.
- Sinus bradycardia is accompanied by a decrease in the heart rate, so when measuring the pulse, you can note less than 55 beats per minute.
- Atrial fibrillation is a rapid heartbeat with a correct rhythm. According to experts who have left a call about the course of this disease, atrial fibrillation is sometimes accompanied by attacks. At this time, the heart begins to beat with a frequency of up to 250 beats per minute. As a rule, as a result, the patient loses consciousness.
- Sometimes the patient can observe a paroxysmal tachycardia. The rhythm of the heart is correct, but very fast. Symptoms can develop very quickly and just as quickly disappear.
- Extrasystolia is accompanied by strong tremors in the heart area or, conversely, its sudden fading.
Treatment may be prescribed only by a physician after a careful examination of all symptoms.
How to diagnose an arrhythmia
To determine an accurate diagnosis, you need to undergo a special examination. It includes:
- monitoring ECG;
By the way, according to doctors, the most difficult to determine the arrhythmia, if it manifests itself as seizures. In this case, the patient should spend some time under their supervision.
How to treat arrhythmia
Treatment the doctor will be able to start when the exact cause of the disease is finally established. As a rule, if the disease has just begun to develop, it can be cured with the help of medicines, in other cases, surgical intervention may be required.
As a rule, a cardiologist is engaged in treatment of such a patient. To quickly get rid of your illness, a patient should definitely consult a specialist. It should be borne in mind that sometimes such a disease as an arrhythmia proves to be only an accompanying person, so we have to look for the main cause of the health disorder.
When ablation is applied
Ablation is often performed with atrial fibrillation. Reviews of this form of surgery, as a rule, emphasize its positive side. Experts say that the procedure itself is not long, and the patient after it can recover very quickly.
The operation is very quick and does not require any special training from the patient himself. Typically, the surgeon during it cauterizes sources that allow false impulses to the heart, thereby restoring the heartbeat.
If you believe the reviews, moxibustion with arrhythmia makes it possible for almost 90% of patients to fully recover and never again to face this disease again.
Indications and contraindications for ablation
It should be noted that it is ablation that can become one of the most effective ways to combat arrhythmia, so patients should carefully listen to the advice of a doctor and take into account not only all the indications for this particular method of treatment,whether they have contraindications.
Consider when ablation of the heart is performed in arrhythmia. The feedback from specialists emphasizes that it is prescribed in specific cases:
- If treatment with medication is not achieved at the proper level.
- If medications cause side effects.
- In situations where the use of medicines in a patient has developed side effects that threaten his life.
- When there are all the prerequisites for attributing the disease to a congenital anomaly.
But as the reviews say, ablation of the heart with atrial fibrillation may not always be prescribed. In some situations this method is unacceptable:
- When the patient has a high fever.
- If his blood stops flowing.
- There are problems with the respiratory system.
- Individual iodine intolerance is observed.
- Kidney disease is diagnosed.
In this case, ablation can be delayed until the patient regains his health and prepares for surgery.
Why many doctors choose ablation
Given all the doctors' reviews available, arrhythmia can be attributed to diseases that are treated. And especially effective in this is ablation. Specialists give specific advantages of this procedure:
- Radiofrequency ablation is easily tolerated by the patient, and after the procedure, there is no need at all for a long recovery.
- As a rule, the patient, after her stay in the hospital only 4 days under the supervision of a doctor, after which he is discharged home.
- The patient does not experience severe pain, as the incision is made in the area of the hip, which means that there will be no scar. If it is a question of a surgical intervention, then a part of the thorax is cut.
- If there is a reason to suspect that the patient has an arrhythmia, the reviews of all specialists are reduced to the fact that there is no better means than ablation to fight this disease. And the patients emphasize that the operation is painless. No painkillers are taken afterwards.
Before the ablation is performed, the patient will need to take tests, which the doctor will appoint, this is the basic preparation for the operation.
What is the essence of ablation?
Ablation in arrhythmia, reviewed in this article, goes through several stages:
- The patient is necessarily advised by an anesthesiologist, as the procedure itself undergoes anesthesia. The specialist should carefully read all the analyzes, study the patient's medical chart to find out whether there is a contraindication for anesthesia.
- Before the operation, the patient is given an anesthetic intravenously, and the place of the incision is treated with a special analgesic.
- An incision is made in the thigh area, and a special catheter is inserted into the femoral vein, which along the vein is advanced to the heart muscle. Represents such a catheter as a thin tube with a sensor at the end.
- A current is passed through the sensor, which starts to stimulate the heart of the patient. Those parts of the muscle that do not respond to discharges remain intact and healthy.
- Once the damaged area is identified, it is destroyed by cauterization. It can take 6 hours to find the damaged area.
- As soon as the doctor is convinced that there are no false foci left, the catheter will be removed, and a pressure bandage is applied at the place of the incision.
- During the day, the patient must comply with bed rest.
Despite the positive predictions and reviews, arrhythmia is a disease that requires constant monitoring by a cardiologist. And even after a full recovery, the patient will need to undergo a survey at least once a year in order to prevent relapse.
Can there be complications after ablation?
It should be noted that ablation is, in fact, a non-hazardous type of surgical intervention, so the risk that complications may occur is minimal. If we talk about the percentage, then it will not exceed 1%.Undesirable effects can occur in such cases:
- If the patient has poor blood clotting.
- When a patient has diabetes mellitus.
- Hard operation can be carried by people older than 75 years.
Complications can occur not immediately after the operation, but in a few days:
- the patient at the puncture site will have a long time to show off blood or a syphilis;
- in the heart there will be new failures.
- may show a vein thrombosis.
- develops stenosis of the pulmonary veins.
But, despite this, doctors note a high percentage of recovery. As their reviews say, atrial fibrillation is completely treated, but the patient should be attentive to his health and after the operation must adhere to all the recommendations from specialists.
So, experts unanimously assert that the chances of recovery after ablation in a patient are really high. But you can achieve the desired result only if both the doctor and the patient react with great attention to health and begin proper treatment.
It is worth remembering that any delay in the operation can lead to a fatal outcome. But even after the patient's health improves, he will have to adhere to the right rhythm of life, in no case to abuse harmful habits. If the patient does not monitor his health, then there is a risk that a relapse will occur, and in this case serious surgical intervention will be required.
As a rule, patients who have undergone ablation leave positive comments about it. Arrhythmia, they say, is a disease that is treated and can be disposed of forever, it just takes care of your health.