Allergic contact dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis can be acute or chronic. This is determined by the frequency of contact with the allergen. The severity of symptoms in this case will depend on the duration of interaction and antigen activity. Allergic contact dermatitis is typical. Signs of the disease are redness on the skin, the formation of blisters on the inflammation, edema. In this case, allergic contact dermatitis is accompanied by itching of increased intensity.
Manifestations of the disease can be observed directly at the site of contact with the antigen, as well as at some distance from it.
Allergic contact dermatitis is most often detected in patients of a young age. Specialists also note a direct relationship between the intensity of symptoms and the dose of antigen delivered.
The chronic course of the disease is distinguished by the thickening of the skin at the site of contact with the allergen, as well as the strengthening of its pattern, the dryness of the cover. Probably formation of cracks.
Since the clinical manifestations of allergic dermatitis are detected after direct contact with the antigen, it can be determined reliably, given the localization of lesions.
There are several types of allergens. Among the common professional antigens. These include varnishes, gasoline, paints, disinfectants, detergents and other substances depending on the professional activity. This group also includes decorations, creams, plant antigens, cosmetics, preparations for external use, metals. As a rule, the foci are localized on the hands.
The forearms show dermatitis due to allergens of plant origin, metals, tissues( in particular, impregnations or dyes of tissues).
Symptoms of the disease can occur in the area of the scalp and face. Allergens in such cases are medicines for topical application, sun protection creams, cosmetics.
In many cases, dermatitis occurs after using lipstick, lip gloss, toothpaste, after eating citrus. In this case, the foci of inflammation are localized in the area around the mouth.
Inflammation on the eyelids can be formed as a result of the use of cosmetics, medicines. It should be noted that often in such cases, the allergen is brought up by hands. Rarely, the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in contact with plant compounds.
Foci of inflammation can develop in the area of the ears, on the skin of the forehead and the scalp. In this case, antigens are metals, hair care products.
Some deodorants, depilatories, tissues can cause dermatitis in the area of the axillae. Lesions on the skin cause drugs, creams from the sun, lightning, buttons, tissues. In rare cases, there is a reaction to contact with plants.
In case of inflammatory foci in the groin area, the allergen is usually latex( the disease manifests itself after sexual contact with the use of a condom), topical drugs, tissues, intimate hygiene products.
Symptoms of dermatitis are possible on the feet. In this case, the components of the footwear( skin, cream, dyes, etc.) can become antigens, medicines for external use, tissues. In rare cases, the disease provokes plants.
Treatment of the disease is complex. A diet is mandatory. In case of allergic dermatitis, all foods that provoke symptoms should be excluded from the diet. A complete examination is necessary to accurately identify the antigen.
As a therapy, ointment from allergic dermatitis( Deperzolone, Prednisolone), as well as antihistamines( Simprex, Fenistil, Histalong and others) can be prescribed.