How to treat cystic acne?
Cystic acne is considered one of the most serious types of the disease. They can be not only in adolescence, but also in the mature, when there is a hormonal change in the body. It is very important to properly treat to avoid the occurrence of complications in the form of scarring and scars.
What is cystic acne
Cystic acne, whose photos clearly demonstrate how they look, refer to the most severe form of rashes. Such pimples are very sickly and look very unpleasant. This form of acne develops in the absence of the required treatment for other types of rash.
The most common nodular-cystic acne on the face is observed in young men and adolescents. In women, they can be in adulthood. This skin disease is characterized by the formation of subcutaneous cavities filled with liquid or purulent contents. In addition to cosmetic problems, they are harmful to the body and can cause entry into the infection.
Cystic acne refers to chronic diseases, the treatment of which takes quite a long time and requires the use of medications. If the treatment of this disease is not performed in time, the disease can affect the deepest layers of the skin and provoke scarring.
The main reason for the appearance of cystic acne on the face( the photo shows the complexity of this problem) is a violation of the sebaceous glands. They can be triggered by factors such as:
- hormonal disorders;
- increased stratum corneum;
- various stresses;
- power failure;
- stress states;
- weakened immunity;
- mechanical damage to the skin;
- taking some medications.
Looks like a violation in the form of red tubercles on the surface of the skin, when touched, painful sensations arise. Sometimes they can merge and cover a large area of the face.
The main symptomatology of
Cystic acne on the face looks like a red formation. In some cases, they may have a cyanotic shade. Such formations protrude somewhat above the surface of the skin and can be quite painful, especially when pressed.
If they merge, they form large cavities located under the skin. If acne is not treated for a long time, then nodular-cystic acne is formed, which is characterized by the fact that the inflammatory process spreads to surrounding tissues, leaving behind scars and increased pigmentation.
Only a dermatologist can diagnose and prescribe a comprehensive treatment. During the initial examination, he will accurately diagnose and then appoint an additional examination to determine the exact cause of the disease.
Initially, tests for hormones are given, a study is being conducted to confirm the absence of immunodeficiency. The definition of the inflammatory process of microorganisms is necessarily carried out. For this purpose, the eels to be separated and its bacteriological culture are screened, followed by the determination of sensitivity to antibacterial drugs.
Treatment of cystic acne on the face is very difficult, which is why it is important to contact a cosmetologist who can prescribe the required drugs. Self-medication should not be dealt with, since this can only aggravate the existing problem. It is worth remembering that this disease can recur and return at almost any time. For complete elimination, a course of taking antibiotics of systemic and local action will be required.
In cystic acne, the use of drugs containing hormones is not excluded in women. Only a doctor can prescribe them, and all treatment must necessarily take place under his supervision.
In addition, you need to carry out cosmetic procedures. Initially, a mechanical cleaning is required, which helps to eliminate external manifestations. Chemical peels help to maximize the skin. In particularly severe cases, laser resurfacing is used, which helps to destroy the bacterial membranes, thereby destroying them.
Cystic acne is a serious disease that is subject to complex long-term therapy, including taking drugs with antibacterial effect, as well as carrying out cleaning procedures. In addition, the use of vitamin complexes that help improve immunity is required.
Hormonal drugs normalize the functioning of the sebaceous glands. They can provoke certain side effects, which is why they should be prescribed only by the attending doctor. For the treatment is effective salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, sulfur.
In the presence of a large number of cystic acne, the doctor will necessarily include vitamin A in the therapy program, which significantly speeds up the process of renewal of the skin cells, keeping the hair follicles and pores closed for infection, which means that they remain healthy.
At the initial stage, cure for pustulhead and cystic acne is easiest. This requires the use of creams, lotions, gels. You need to apply the funds every day after cleansing the skin, choose - depending on the type of skin, which the dermatologist can determine.
The duration of therapy for each person is individual. However, the course of therapy lasts approximately 6-8 months.
The use of folk remedies
Many are interested in how to treat cystic acne in the home using traditional medicine. Very good helps turmeric, because this spice refers to natural antibiotics, which allows you to quickly eliminate the inflammatory process. For the therapy, you need to mix turmeric powder with unrefined sesame oil. The resulting composition should be applied to the affected areas of skin and keep the mask for 60 minutes. Then rinse with warm water.
A fairly common home remedy is apple cider vinegar. Astringent properties of this remedy help eliminate excess sebum and reduce inflammation. As a result, the skin is cleaned. To do this, mix in equal proportions vinegar and water. Wet cotton in the resulting solution and gently pat the skin.
Cosmetologists recommend the use of tea tree oil for the treatment of acne, as it very easily penetrates deep into the skin, cleans the sealed sebaceous passages and produces a disinfectant effect. To do this, wipe the skin with a cotton swab dipped in oil or make compresses with this product. However, before using it, you should always test for allergic reactions, applying it to a small area of skin.
Baking soda is widely known for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. It helps to remove excess fat from the pores, as well as exfoliate the keratinized upper layers of the skin. To do this, mix baking soda with cucumber juice and apply gruel to the affected areas of the skin.
Lavender oil helps reduce pain and inflammation, and also helps to quicker healing of acne. In addition, this means prevents the formation of scars. When the first signs of acne occur, you need to put some oil on the affected area. In a day you need to do 2-3 procedures.
Aloe vera is a safe drug that helps cure skin and reduce inflammation. With the regular application of this remedy, it is possible to speed up the treatment process considerably, to eliminate redness and swelling.
Dermatologists often prescribe a mechanical face cleaning and peeling followed by treatment with antiseptic means of inflamed skin of the face. Then cosmetic means are used, which regulate the level of sebum production. These drugs are prescribed for a long period, and sometimes even for life.
Skin peeling is used to remove infected or dead skin cells, and also normalizes blood circulation in the affected area, opening and purifying the pores in a natural way.
Complex therapy must include laser therapy, phototherapy, darsonvalization and many other methods of affecting the area of the rash. To increase the body's defenses, ozone therapy is prescribed, as well as laser irradiation of blood. These techniques help to reduce the amount of fat produced, reducing the activity of the sebaceous glands. In addition, the laser helps to eliminate bacteria and reduce the scarring of existing scars.
If scars are formed, the treatment is carried out using laser peeling, mesotherapy, cryotherapy, contour plastics and cryomassage. All these methods are applied only after the inflammatory process subsides.
Feature of nutrition
Doctors recommend additionally to observe a diet and to limit consumption of spicy, fried and fatty foods. In addition, do not consume flour products and sweets. In the diet must be present fresh fruits and vegetables.
Doctors recommend a good sleep, since sleep helps reduce stress, drink plenty of fluids to speed up the process of toxins withdrawal.
With proper and timely attention to the existing problem, you can very quickly cure acne and prevent skin scarring.
To avoid complications during the therapy, you must regularly carefully cleanse the face. In severe forms and improper treatment, severe scars and scars may remain.
To avoid the appearance of manifestations of acne, one must adhere to certain recommendations of dermatologists in addition to regular hygiene procedures with the help of medicines, which the doctor selects individually.
If you have the earliest manifestations of acne, do not try to squeeze them out, as such manipulations can trigger the formation of a subcutaneous cyst. During washing, aggressive substances, hard soap, and astringents should not be used, as they lead to burning and peeling of the skin.