Red spot on the child's cheek: causes, manifestations and characteristics of treatment
Some parents are of the opinion that the child's red cheeks are a sign of health. Of course, a small blush should be present, but without peeling, condensation and other manifestations that indicate abnormalities occurring in the child's body.
What are the reasons for the red stain on the child's cheek and how to get rid of it?
Symptom of allergy
To date, people are surrounded by many harmful substances that are contained in food, air, household chemicals and so on. The immature organism of children reacts violently to the effect of allergens. Therefore, often a red patch on the child's cheek is a sign of such manifestations. Allergy can occur in children at any age, but especially it is prone to babies.
In this case, the allergic disease in the child on the cheek is a red rough spot that is dry and scaly. Then a thin crust appears on it, itching occurs.
Basically reddening of the cheeks is accompanied by diaper rash in the buttocks and perineum. Sometimes a baby crust appears on the baby's head. Children aged 1.5-2 months are most susceptible to exudative-catarrhal diathesis. If you do not provide the required treatment, the disease becomes atopic dermatitis.
The main symptoms are itching and swelling of the eyelids, skin, larynx. A red stain on the cheek in a child often occurs simultaneously with digestive system disorders. The cause of this allergy is food. Often it is honey, citrus fruits, seafood, chocolate, nuts, cocoa and others.
If the disease manifests itself in a child in infancy, it is likely that its development was the mother's malnutrition.
When medication is administered, the effect of their chemical components on the child's body often causes immune reactions. Often, the allergy occurs on synthetic vitamins, antibacterial agents. Reactions are observed on the components of the vaccine, which is by far not uncommon. The greatest danger is DTP, vaccination against measles, influenza viruses. Depending on the degree and type of lesion, clinical manifestations are different. There may be a large red patch on the child's cheek or a rash all over the body.
The disease is allergic and manifests itself mainly in children in the first year of life, persisting for several years. The first sign is that the baby has a red spot on the cheek and it itches and itches. Often there are symptoms of colds, which are mostly expressed in the common cold.
Atopic dermatitis almost always disappears as you grow up.
The disease is an allergic skin reaction at the site of the stimulus. Defeat occurs as a result of contact with glue, ointment, clothing and other drugs and objects containing harmful substances. A red solid stain on the cheek in the child in this case may appear from creams and other cosmetic products.
Cold or thermal allergy
This type of skin lesion is observed when exposed to sudden temperature changes. As a rule, parents pay attention that on the cheek a child has a red stain after walking.
This, rather, is not even an allergy, but a reaction to frost or heat.
Treatment of allergic reactions
What should be done if the cause of the appearance of a red patch on the cheek in a child is one of the aforementioned diseases? First of all you need to visit a pediatrician. Only a specialist will be able to establish a diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the stimulus, otherwise the therapy will be meaningless. When there is a food allergy, it is recommended to revise the baby's diet. If it is a question of a babe, the feeding mother must change her diet. Antiallergic drugs for external and internal use are prescribed for treatment. In some cases, hormonal ointments are prescribed.
Cold and thermal allergy does not require treatment, it passes by itself. It is enough to lubricate the cheeks of the child with a protective cream before walking.
Congenital enzymatic deficiency
Not always red cheeks are a symptom of an allergy. In children in the first year of life, often there is an enzymatic deficiency, manifested by the same sign. Parents should be alerted when the child is in good health, but he is underweight in weight.
Sometimes, when the baby eats more than it can digest its body, there is a reaction, similar in appearance to allergic manifestations. The reason is the immature enzyme system of the child.
How to treat
If the redness on the cheeks appears as a result of a lack of enzymes for processing food, doctors recommend that they be administered as medications. However, it is worth worrying about this kind of therapy, because it can do harm. In other words, the principle of feedback is triggered: the development of their own enzymes decreases as analogues are received. What to do in this situation? Parents should be patient and wait until the baby grows up. Usually, with time, enzymatic deficiency disappears on its own. But this does not mean that nothing needs to be done. First of all, it is recommended to monitor the ration of crumbs, do not overload the food of his body.
infection A red hot spot on the cheek in a child sometimes appears simultaneously with an acute respiratory viral infection or influenza. The effects of the virus or infection may also manifest similar symptoms.
The cause of reddening of the cheeks is often child roseola. The disease can be recognized by other preceding signs: the temperature rises, diarrhea with mucous contents appears. Baby roseola is a small rash that is not only spread on the cheeks, but also throughout the body.
Another disease, which is accompanied by reddening of the cheeks, is systemic lupus erythematosus. First the rash appears on the tip of the nose, and then gradually spreads throughout the body. However, there are other symptoms: fever, malfunctioning of the spleen, liver, heart.
Therapy of infectious and viral diseases
It is usually easy to recognize such diseases. They are often accompanied by an increase in body temperature and other symptoms. At the first signs it is necessary to show the child to the doctor who will prescribe the required treatment. Speech in this case is not about combating the stain itself, but about eliminating the cause that led to its appearance. Antiviral drugs and anti-infection drugs will be effective.
Other causes of
In fact, there are a lot of reasons for the appearance of spots on the cheeks in children. Maybe the baby is just hot, or the milk mixture is not suitable. Often in childhood, there is an acetone syndrome, which is also manifested by such a symptom. At the same time, a characteristic smell is felt in the child's mouth, nausea and vomiting occur. If this condition is observed, the crumb requires immediate medical attention.
The red spot on the cheek in a child can be a consequence of a malfunction of the liver, viral hepatitis, allergies and other diseases. It is not necessary to guess, it is necessary to show the kid to the expert, as wrong treatment or its absence only will aggravate a status. Some parents try to cope on their own, use the means of traditional medicine, sometimes not knowing what illness they are trying to save the child from. This is fundamentally wrong. The diagnosis, as well as the method of therapy, can be prescribed only by the attending physician.