What are the massages? Types of therapeutic and anti-cellulite massage

Thanks to the massage you can get rid of many health problems. However, many underestimate its advantages. A massage performed by an experienced specialist will help you get rid of headache, fatigue, muscle cramps or cellulite. After the first session, positive changes can be observed. Thanks to our article you can find out what kind of massages are.

General Information

Massage has a therapeutic effect. When this type of therapy is used, systematicity is important. Massage involves the use of special techniques to activate or relax the muscles. This type of therapy is usually used to relieve stress or improve blood circulation. There are different types of massage, which have both indications for use and contraindications. Before resorting to this type of therapy, it is recommended to consult with your doctor. Otherwise, massage can not bring good, but harm and worsen the condition. The doctor will choose the most suitable form for you and the method of massage therapy. It is also important that the masseur, to whom you applied for help, had experience and good reviews.

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There are following types of therapeutic massage:

  • Balinese;
  • Swedish;
  • Thai;
  • wellness;
  • canned;
  • anti-cellulite;
  • self-massage;
  • is sporty;
  • point;
  • Tantric and others.

Each of them is able to help get rid of this or that problem. Consultation of the attending physician is extremely important, since it is the right therapy that determines the final result.

In some situations, massage rooms can not be visited. This type of therapy is contraindicated:

  • immediately after ingestion, alcohol or drug;
  • after recent surgery( exceptions may be only if there is a referral from the doctor);
  • in the presence of heart disease( in this case, the massage can be performed only as directed by the doctor);
  • to people who have cancer;
  • in the presence of infections;
  • with venous expansion of veins.

Often, a massage is used to treat a particular disease. The types and techniques described in this article will help you understand which therapy is right for you.

what are the massages

The following massage techniques are known:

  • sliding;
  • kneading;
  • vibrating;
  • stroking;
  • squeezing.

Each of the techniques is suitable for getting rid of this or that problem.


The most common types of classical massage. One of them is reflexotherapy. After the course, the well-being improves significantly.

Reflexotherapy is used by some people as an alternative to treatment. Patients believe that it is more effective than taking medications. Reflexotherapy is the pressure on certain, so-called biological points of hands and feet. It is carried out without the use of oil or lotion. This type of therapy, unlike some others, does not bring the patient any discomfort.

Reflexotherapy is based on ancient Chinese teachings. According to him, the energy of chi flows in the body, which circulates through special channels. They have points that interact with all internal organs. All of them are interconnected. Influencing them, you can significantly improve the general condition of the body and get rid of some health problems. It is known that reflexotherapy can ease pain and relieve inflammation.

The concept of reflexotherapy is largely based on the belief that a lack of chi can prevent or slow the healing process. Influencing certain biological points, you can activate it. In some countries, reflexology may be prescribed by a doctor. Types of therapeutic massage, which are based on ancient Chinese doctrine, are no less popular in Russia.

This system is quite complicated. Experts draw up a diagram that clearly shows which parts of the hands and feet should be given special attention in the massage to improve the condition of an internal organ.

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However, there is no scientific evidence that these theories are absolutely accurate and effective in the treatment of specific diseases.

Swedish massage

Not everyone knows what kind of massages are. That's why not all of their types are in demand. The most sparing is considered Swedish. It is often recommended to those who have never visited a massage room before. This species is considered curative. A Swedish version of manual therapy can be performed only by a qualified specialist, like almost any other medical massage. Training can be done at specialized courses.

Swedish massage is the basis for other types of Western massage, including sports and aromatherapy. Most people undergo a 50- or 60-minute therapy. However, to get results in the shortest time, it is recommended to give preference to sessions that last more than an hour.

Swedish massage can be slow and gentle or energetic and invigorating - it all depends on the personal style of the masseur and what he is trying to achieve. During this type of therapy, the specialist uses a special oil and uses a variety of techniques. Thanks to them, it warms up the muscle tissue and relieves the patient of stress. Swedish massage promotes relaxation.

Before carrying out the procedure, the specialist should ask the patient for any injuries or illnesses. During the Swedish massage, the patient, as a rule, should be naked under a towel. The specialist discloses only the necessary part of the body. If nakedness confuses the patient, he can leave his underwear on himself.

At selection of the expert it is necessary to pay attention to cleanliness in an office. It is important to find out in advance whether the person has a medical book and has graduated from a masseur. A good specialist is the guarantee of the effectiveness of the therapy.

Swedish massage usually begins with a back treatment. The first stage of the procedure lasts at least 10 minutes. A specialist uses a variety of massage techniques, which include kneading, rubbing and squeezing.

When the process of heating the back muscles ends, the specialist moves to the back of each of the legs. Some masseurs work in a different order, and they all have their own style and involve different methods.

medical massage training

Lymphatic massage

Not everyone knows what kind of massages are, and therefore feel that with many of the problems with the help of such procedures can not get rid of. This opinion is erroneous. Any of the types of massage has a therapeutic effect. Each of them allows you to get rid of a certain health problem.

Lymphatic massage is one of those types that are designed to activate a healthy influx of lymph. Supporters of this type of therapy consider that it helps to remove toxins from the body. This kind of massage, as a rule, is very gentle. He has contraindications, because it affects the condition of the lymphatic system and can significantly worsen a person's well-being. It is important to consult a doctor before choosing this type of therapy.

Lymphatic massage reduces swelling and clears the lymphatic system. It also stimulates the inflow of other interstitial fluids.

Some experts recommend using this kind of massage before surgical intervention to be sure that the lymphatic system is clean. It can also be used after surgery, in order to reduce the tumor.

massage at home

People suffering from inflammatory and infectious diseases should not use lymphatic massage. It can contribute to the spread of disease. It is also contraindicated for people with blood clotting problems and heart disease.

This type of massage has been practiced since the last century. Customers should always report that they experience pain during the procedure. They also need to know that swollen lymph nodes can be a sign of a serious illness that requires medical intervention.

When searching for a specialist, do not forget to ask about where he studied. Authoritative masseur with pleasure will provide such data. He must have a medical book. There must also be a diploma, which indicates that the specialist graduated from the courses of a massage therapist.

Anti-cellulite massage

Cellulite is a problem that many women face. Getting rid of him is difficult enough. There are many procedures by which the skin becomes supple. One of them is a general anti-cellulite massage.

The procedure allows you to align the most problem areas of the skin. After the course they become elastic and elastic, blood circulation in the treated area improves.

Anti-cellulite massage can weaken the tissue that connects the fat cells. There are several types of such therapy. Anti-cellulite massage can be performed both manually and with the help of special devices.

Treatment of cellulite with massage consists of several intensive sessions. This kind of therapy is deep and energetic. Some argue that it can be painful at first, but over time the patient gets used and relaxes during the procedure.

Acupressure in the treatment of cough in a child

Acupressure for children who complain of a severe cough is a great way to get rid of a disorder without using medicines. It is especially popular in the cold season.

Many parents will be surprised when they realize how acupressure is effective in treating cough. Thanks to him, the child is restored in the shortest possible time. Significantly improves and his health.

Acupressure involves using only hands and completely eliminating medications. It is economical, safe and effective. When it is used, special oils are used. It is important that the massage pass in a warm room without drafts.

acupressure for children

In acupressure, the specialist or parents act on important areas that are on the face, hands and chest area. This kind of therapy appeared in China. It has been used there for many years and is considered one of the most effective.

Spinal massage with massage jars

Canal massage of the spine is effective thanks to the reflex mechanisms of the human body. The bottom line is that medical jars cause small hemorrhages, and the products of the decomposition of blood and tissue cause irritation of the nerve receptors in the skin. This improves blood circulation, as well as reduces swelling and inflammation.

Medical jars are used for massage. You can buy them at any pharmacy. The painful area on the back is smeared with vaseline or warm vegetable oil and the jars are heated for a few seconds, and then quickly applied to the skin. After that, the masseur starts moving the device along the spine.

The duration of the canned procedure is 5-7 minutes. After a qualitative massage on the body, there should be no bruising.

Can massage is effective not only in the treatment of osteochondrosis, but also in getting rid of muscle pain, neuritis, asthma, chronic bronchitis and other diseases. The procedure is contraindicated in the presence of skin diseases such as dermatitis, eczema and psoriasis. It is not recommended to carry out to people who have different types of tumors. Contra-indicated canal massage in the acute stage of osteoarthritis, as the procedure causes overexcitation, increased edema and inflammation in the nerve roots. In most cases, it is recommended for chronic osteochondrosis. Sometimes a can of massage is used in the first hours after the manifestation of painful sensations. In this case, the pathological process is interrupted, and the patient recovers literally after the first session.

can of massage of a backbone

Performing a massage at home

Some people, despite having various health problems, do not have the opportunity to visit massage rooms. Most often this is due to the lack of free time or money. You can also massage at home. However, this will require studying its basic techniques and types, so as not to harm yourself or a loved one who needs help.

It is important that the massage is carried out only in a warm room, the air temperature in which is at least 21 degrees Celsius. It is necessary that there is enough light in it. Everyone knows that massage is done to the patient on the couch. However, if the house does not have such a device, you can use any hard surface. The person who will do the massage, you need to learn how to save your energy and not make unnecessary movements. Otherwise, the hands of an inexperienced masseur will get tired.

Professional massage and self-massage has a lot of differences. Of course, any therapy performed by a qualified specialist will be more effective. However, not everyone is ready to go for a massage to a stranger. In this case, you can help yourself on your own or ask a loved one about it.

Special creams, oils and lotions can be used during the massage. As a rule, they have a warming effect. Often at home, girls make themselves an anti-cellulite massage. The most effective in this case is the procedure using special cans. It is important not to overdo it. Otherwise, can massage at home will be painful, and after it ends on the body will remain bruised.

massage types and techniques

Do you need special training for home massage?

A massage performed at home will not be effective if the person who conducts it is not familiar with the general information about this or that kind of therapy. Relaxing procedures can be carried out at home, without special skills. A more serious preparation requires medical massage. Training in this case is extremely necessary. This is due to the fact that a person without special knowledge can not only not help himself and his family get rid of any disease, but will aggravate the situation.

Summing up

Massage has a lot of positive qualities. Thanks to him you can get rid of any problem in the body, relax after a hard working day and recover from the disease. Many do not consider massage therapy effective. This opinion is erroneous. What are the massages, you found in our article. Before you decide on one of them, consult your doctor to make sure that it does not hurt your health.