Immunization from poliomyelitis - child safety guarantee
Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease caused by three types of viruses. Dangerous that in the case of illness in the part of the sick, irreversible paralysis of the respiratory muscles that lead to death or paralysis of the extremities( often lower ones) that make a person disabled is developing. Before the invention of an inoculation against poliomyelitis from this terrible disease many children died. The last polio epidemic was recorded in the mid-forties in the US and it was stopped precisely by the massive use of the vaccine. Since then, the disease has lost its mass, but this is only due to the presence of a layer of the vaccinated population, since the virus itself has not disappeared and constantly persists( is) in the nasopharynx and intestines of a person. That's why vaccinations against polio are so necessary.
Even if a person has had polio, he still needs to be vaccinated, since after the disease immunity develops only to one form of the virus. Only inoculations against poliomyelitis are able to form immunity against all three types of viruses.
Modern medicine uses the safest inoculations from poliomyelitis or on the basis of an inactivated( killed) pathogen, injected subcutaneously, or containing a live but significantly weakened pathogen introduced through the mouth. They are called abbreviated IPV and OPV, respectively. In Russia, OPV( oral poliomyelitis vaccine) is most often used, as it gives the most stable and full-fledged immunity. There is a strictly defined national immunization schedule( vaccination calendar), according to which vaccinations against poliomyelitis are carried out. Usually it is vaccination at 3, then at 4.5 months and 6 months. Then comes the period of revaccination in 18 months and again in 20 months. The last revaccination is done after reaching the age of 14 years.
Complications after vaccination against poliomyelitis occur very rarely and consist in most often allergic reaction to components of the vaccine. With timely correct treatment, they quickly stop. There is a fear( especially this issue is raised by mothers under the influence of speculative speculation in the media) that vaccination can make a child disabled or even cause death. But the figures suggest that the polio vaccine causes the disease only in 1 of 2 and a half million cases, and even then the disease proceeds in a lubricated, mild form. Against this background, the risk of getting a natural, so to speak, polio course is several dozen times higher.
However, considering even this insignificant possibility of poliomyelitis, all children should undergo a thorough medical examination before vaccination. If there are reasons to assume the weakness of the immune system, the doctor can give a medical guide from a vaccination against poliomyelitis or in some cases use IPV.
Parents need to remember that, despite the negative statements about vaccinations from individuals, often very far from medicine, people and the populism of the mass media coming to their aid, vaccinations should be made necessarily, since the harm from them is artificially inflamed and the complications afterpolio vaccinations are much more rare than the actual risk of contracting the polio virus and, at best, irreversible persistent paralysis.
In addition, there is an order of the Ministry of Social Development of the Russian Federation, which allows not to take in children's preschool institutions children who are not vaccinated against poliomyelitis properly. So if a child is scheduled to be sent to a kindergarten, then he will have to have a polio vaccine in any case.