Glucose: an application. Glucose in tablets: reviews, price
Glucose is a source of valuable nutrition that is easily absorbed by tissues, increasing energy reserves of the body and normalizing its work. From the materials of this article, you can find out when doctors prescribe glucose, how to apply it correctly.
Glucose, the use of which is described further in the article, goes on sale in the following forms:
- Tablets of 0.5 mg. Pills are packaged in 10 pieces per cell pack.
- Tablets of 1 mg. In one pack 10 or 50 pills.
- 5, 10, 25, 40% solution for intravenous use in ampoules. One cardboard package contains 5 or 10 ampoules.
- 5, 10, 20, 40% infusion solution in glass bottles. Each bottle contains 200, 250, 400, 500 or 1000 ml of liquid.
Regardless of the dosage form of the drug, the main active ingredient is dextrose monohydrate. In other words, dry glucose + auxiliary components. Glucose is an effective means of carbohydrate nutrition. The main pharmacological action is aimed at improving metabolism in the body, activation of oxidation-reduction processes.
Glucose in tablets has mild vasodilating and sedative effects. At the cellular level, it provides an increase in the human energy potential, increasing its intellectual and physical productivity.
Glucose 5% in the form of a solution is most often used. Infusion action of the drug helps to reduce the water deficit in the body, renewal of blood volume.
Solutions 10-40% are called hypertonic. They increase osmotic pressure and urination, activate metabolic processes in the liver and have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the main muscle of the body.
Indications for use
In what diseases is glucose prescribed? The use of tablets and solutions containing this substance is not limited to a specific list of ailments. Glucose is used for hypoglycemia. In addition, it is prescribed as an additional food against the background of the transferred infectious diseases.
With auxiliary treatment of cardiac decompensation, intestinal pathologies and hemorrhagic diathesis, glucose is prescribed. The use of a 5% solution intravenously improves the patient's condition with pulmonary edema. Without its use it is impossible to imagine the treatment of poisoning with chemicals, narcotic drugs.
Contraindications and side effects of
When should I stop taking medications that contain glucose? The instruction says that the main contraindication is diabetes, as well as other disorders, accompanied by an increase in blood sugar levels. With extreme caution, intravenous solution is administered to patients with chronic renal insufficiency.
Possible side effects include the following:
- decreased appetite;
- phlebitis and thrombosis;
- inflammation of the skin in places where the solution is injected;
- is a liver function disorder.
If you have one or more symptoms from this list, you should seek medical advice. Usually, patients have to give up drugs that contain glucose.
Instructions for use and dosage
Glucose 5% is classified as isotonic solution; in the human body it is administered:
- intravenously( minimum 300 ml of liquid, maximum - 2 liters);
- subcutaneously( at a time up to 500 ml);
- in the form of enemas( 300-2000 ml).
Also in the instructions for use are described other cases of use of drugs, which include glucose. The powder is combined with insulin, a solution of methylene blue to achieve a better therapeutic effect.
For hypertensive solutions of 10, 25 or 40%, only intravenous infusion is used. For one administration use 20-50 ml of liquid. In a severe condition of the patient, when there is a catastrophically low level of glucose, the hypertonic solution is administered by means of drop infusion infusions.
In tableted form, glucose is taken orally. At a time, 1-2 pills, and if necessary, increase the dosage to 10 capsules. Dosage depends on the patient's condition. Tablets should be taken about an hour before meals. They can be chewed or rassasyvat.
Glucose in pregnancy
Against the backdrop of physiological changes that are observed in the body of a pregnant woman, slight fluctuations in blood glucose are considered normal. Usually, women in the position of doctors diagnose hyperglycemia. Increased sweating, tremors of the extremities, a constant feeling of hunger and fatigue - all these symptoms indicate a decrease in blood glucose. In this case, the woman should be informed about the deterioration of the general condition of the doctor.
Glucose, the use of which during pregnancy is possible only on the instructions of a specialist, has nutritional properties. Droppers with its solution are also prescribed for future women in labor with a suspected fetal weight deficit. As practice shows, this substance positively affects the development and growth of the baby inside the womb. Also, many doctors are convinced that glucose reduces the likelihood of miscarriages and premature birth.
Price, storage conditions
How much does glucose cost? The price of a medicine depends on the form of release. Glucose in powder costs about 20 rubles. For 5% solution for infusion( 400 ml) will have to pay 50 rubles, and for a package of ten ampoules - 90 rubles.
Shelf life also varies from release form. For a powder, it is 5 years, for a solution in ampoules - 6 years, and glucose in tablets is stored only 4 years.
Medicines are suitable for use only under the condition of the integrity of the package, the transparency of the liquid and the absence of visible impurities. According to the instruction, glucose in any dosage form is recommended to be stored at a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees, in a place protected from children.
What do patients say after applying glucose? Most of the reviews are positive. The medication perfectly copes with the "duties" assigned to it: it improves the course of metabolic processes in the body, gives additional energy, it has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart and other systems of internal organs. Side effects in the form of decreased appetite or impaired renal function are extremely rare.
Tableted glucose, the price of which is no more than 30 rubles, is most often used for home treatment. It can be purchased in almost every pharmacy, the cost is relatively low, and the resulting therapeutic effect contributes to a speedy recovery.
Now you know in what cases glucose is used in the treatment. Instructions for use, possible contraindications and approximate cost of medication depending on the form of release - all this is also presented in the materials of this article.
It is important to note that for therapeutic purposes, glucose is recommended only for the doctor's prescription and after a complete examination of the body. Self-medication is strictly prohibited. If symptoms of malaise or serious health problems appear, therapy should be stopped for a while. Be healthy!