Manifestation of an allergy to tobacco smoke
Some negative reactions of the body in principle are not very pleasant and always untimely. But the manifestations of allergy to tobacco smoke in general seem injustice. Passive smokers do not suffer from their whims. This is an unpleasant consequence for those people who do not suffer from this habit, but due to circumstances they are forced to inhale the nicotine-rich air. Many often do not have the idea that by smoking tobacco they ruin not only their own health, but also significantly worsen the quality of life of others.
Say, my health. So I will make the decision myself. However, in this process harmful chemical components are detrimental to health, affecting the work of internal organs, including those who do not suffer from bad habits. Today we will talk about the causes of the development of allergic reactions to tobacco smoke, and about what help can be given to patients.
Cigarettes contain not only tobacco directly, but also a mixture of different resins and flavors. Under the influence of high temperatures, these substances decompose and release into the environment carcinogens, which in turn are deposited not only in the bronchi of a person who smokes, but also in the organs of those who do not voluntarily become a passive accomplice in this process. There is also an allergy to tobacco smoke in children.
The lit cigarette throws out into the environment more than 4 thousand.various chemical compounds, 80 of which are considered carcinogens. Tobacco molecules have a very small mass, due to this they stay in the air for a long time. In particular, this applies to enclosed spaces. About that, where smoke, it is possible to learn at once on a characteristic smell. But the unpleasant corrosive ambre is not so scary. The main danger is a suspension of smoke that remains in the air. As a consequence, an allergic reaction to tobacco can develop even if no one smokes nearby, enough to breathe nicotine-impregnated air. Manifestations of this disease make themselves felt when the human immune system perceives the components of cigarette smoke as foreign bodies. As a result, antibodies are produced that cause unpleasant symptoms.
Human immune cells perceive harmful substances as an infection and react to it accordingly: they try not to let it into the body and neutralize. Carcinogens have a negative effect on the mucosa of respiratory organs, making them susceptible to the penetration of other allergens. Therefore, cigarettes can cause not only a real reaction to tobacco, but also affect its manifestations on other external and internal stimuli.
People with chronic bronchopulmonary diseases who have suffered prolonged respiratory pathologies are characterized by allergy to tobacco smoke. Most often, young children suffer from this, because their immune system is not yet at full capacity, the constant inhalation of harmful substances provokes chronic rhinitis and manifestations of bronchial asthma.
Symptoms of allergic reactions
Allergies can cause minor changes in human health, and can affect the work of the whole organism. The most frequent reactions to cigarettes include:
- sneezing, runny nose, constant nasal congestion;
- conjunctivitis( more common in a passive smoker), in which corrosive smoke irritates the mucous membranes of the eyes, which causes redness and lacrimation;
- irritation and swelling of the larynx and lungs.
As a result, the first symptoms of an allergy to tobacco smoke in non-smokers are manifested by a sore throat, hoarse voice, dry cough, and then shortness of breath and suffocation may occur. If the source is not eliminated and no such condition is treated, then bronchial asthma develops, which is considered to be the most unfavorable course. Doctors have long noted that young children are 5 times more likely to suffer from this disease if they live in families where parents smoke.
Tobacco smoke and children
Often there is an allergy in the baby to tobacco smoke. It is dangerous for young children, since it affects the development of respiratory diseases, and in the future also asthma. Constantly reddened throat, sneezing, lachrymation - all this can be a manifestation of sensitivity to carcinogens of cigarette smoke. Such symptoms should alert parents and make them show the child to an allergist. It is clear that to treat a baby from a cold in this case is completely useless.
It is quite simple to distinguish an allergy: in a few days after being in smoke-free rooms or in the fresh air, all the symptoms pass. How does the tobacco smoke allergy manifest itself? To answer this question, you need to familiarize yourself with the main symptoms.
If a person has a true allergy to cigarette smoke, the symptomatology of the disease develops immediately after inhalation and manifests itself in the form of perspiration in the throat, sneezing, lacrimation, pruritus of open areas of the body, severe attacks of headache.
It is not uncommon for a person to be in a room with people who smoke for a considerable part of the time. Of course, this worsens the state of health, there are constant headaches, respiratory manifestations of a chronic nature. Very often, these health problems are written off to reduce immunity and fatigue( especially if the manifestations are not very pronounced: a little stuffy nose, not much pershit in the throat, sometimes sneezing), not correlating them with allergic reactions.
You can understand the reason, for example, by spending a vacation in the fresh air. In the changed conditions the state of health gradually improves and comes to norm. For 2-3 weeks, the lungs of a passive smoker are cleared of carcinogens, which leads to the disappearance of allergy symptoms to tobacco smoke.
Diagnosis and treatment of
For accurate and correct diagnosis, a visit to an allergist is necessary. The specialist will appoint special tests, the results of which will tell you what substances are dangerous for you, and what you should try to avoid. Also, a reliable fact is an improvement in the state of health when the situation changes and the effect of passive smoking is removed. In a person suffering from this harmful habit, the signs of an allergy to tobacco smoke gradually pass after he refuses it.
Methods of treatment
The most effective, and in fact the only method of treatment is the absence of tobacco smoke in the environment of a passive smoker. That is, it is necessary to negate contacts with people who have a bad habit, as well as the time spent with them in one room. It is worth keeping as far as possible from public places where smoking is allowed.
In addition, with the emergence of allergy symptoms you need to take an antihistamine pill. With mild ailment it will be enough to use a single dose. If the manifestations do not go away and worsen, then you need to see a doctor. The onset of allergy has an effect on the formation of toxins, which reduces the protective response of the immune system. To prevent this, doctors advise to take preventive courses of treatment.
We found out if there could be an allergy to tobacco smoke. The answer is unambiguous - of course. The phenomenon is quite common. Therefore, it is necessary to know what treatment to apply.
Typically, the standard treatment regimen is as follows:
- Initially, an enterosorbent is used to neutralize and remove toxins from the body.
- The next step is to use immune stimulation. Immunomodulators, vitamins, general health measures, diet are prescribed. Also, the reception of products of beekeeping( perga, pollen, honeycomb, propolis) can help to increase the body's defenses.
- At the last stage, symptomatic therapy is used. That is, the rhinitis is treated with vasoconstrictive drops, conjunctive manifestations - with the help of ointment and eye wash, the rash is stopped by appropriate means, etc.
Therapy features of
Smokers are shown the course reception of herbal decoctions, which have expectorant properties: mother-and-stepmother, thyme, linden. They excrete phlegm with carcinogens and do not allow it to be absorbed into the organs.
It should be noted that vitamin C should be supplied to the body in sufficient quantities in the form of food additives and fruits. People should exclude the effect of nicotine components, since already manifested, this disease will haunt you all your life. Symptoms of tobacco smoke allergy should be recognized in a timely manner. The sooner this happens, the faster it will be to get rid of this unpleasant illness.
Once again about the dangers of smoking
About the dangers of smoking is even somehow indecent to say: so many things are said, shown and so on. But, nevertheless, we will remind once again that cigarette smoke harms not only the person who suffers addiction, but also affects the health and well-being of surrounding people, including children. Currently, the territory of our country is banned smoking in public places, which greatly facilitates life and allows free visits to various institutions without fear of getting an attack. We examined the symptoms of allergy to tobacco smoke in children and adults.