Mastitis: treatment and symptoms
If the diagnosis is "mastitis", the signs are as follows:
- fever, sudden temperature increase,
- the skin of the mammary glands becomes very sensitive,
- small palpations are felt for their palpation,
- during this manipulation the patient feels severe pain.
Inflammatory reactions in the tissues of the mammary glands can be accompanied by the formation of abscesses, abscesses, necrosis and phlegmon. The possibility of developing sepsis is not ruled out, which often leads even to death. After the transferred disease the risk to development of a mastopathy and oncological tumors of a breast increases. Quite often, the etiology of mastitis is associated with the effects of mechanical, thermal, biological or chemical factors. Do not forget that a decrease in immunity can also cause the development of this disease.
In order that you do not have a question, how to cure mastitis, it is necessary to understand the pathogenesis of the disease. The development of this disease is associated with a violation of nerve conduction and the transition of nerve endings to a state of parabiosis, which subsequently leads to a decrease in enzyme activity and inhibition of the synthesis of hormones of the neurohypophysis( azopresin, oxytocin).Together, this leads to a disruption in the metabolism, and as a result, the degeneration of the breast tissue develops. Due to increased permeability of the walls of blood vessels, the process is aggravated by stagnant and exudative processes. As a result, a so-called demarcation line is created around the focus of inflammation.
When diagnosed as "mastitis", treatment is best done in the early stages of the disease, but specialists must first determine the etiology of the disease. All methods of treatment are aimed at suppressing the development of infection. Doctors strongly do not recommend self-medication, as mastitis is often complicated by the formation of abscesses and phlegmon. The most effective method of treatment of purulent mastitis is surgical intervention.
If diagnosed as "mastitis", treatment, of course, will largely depend on the form of inflammation in the mammary gland( suits purulent, serous, catarrhal or fibrinous).For effective therapy, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and analgesic drugs are prescribed. With the diagnosis of "serous mastitis", treatment is carried out with antibacterial agents of a wide spectrum of action( cephalexin, azithromycin, oxacilin, cirofloxacin, amoxiclav, clarithromycin, gentamicin, cefradil, ceftriaxone, cefazolin, etc.).
To prevent the development of milk stagnation in the chest, doctors recommend regular expression of milk( every three hours).To anesthetize a painful area, Novocain blockades are prescribed. The duration of treatment of serous mastitis is about seven days. To prevent the development of intoxication, transfusions of solutions of electrolytes and glucose are prescribed.
Due to the fact that in most cases mastitis in milk accumulates toxic products and microorganisms, breastfeeding is prohibited. Such milk is the cause of dysbiosis in infants. High efficiency of treatment is achieved with the appointment of drugs that inhibit the formation of milk( dostineks).Doctors do not recommend patients with a diagnosis of "mastitis" treatment conducted using traditional medicine methods. This is due to the fact that most of the medicinal herbs can not stop the development of infection localized in the mammary gland, and this, in turn, is the trigger mechanism for the formation of abscesses and phlegmon, which are extremely dangerous for the health and life of the mother.