How to remove stitches at home after surgery?
Any surgical intervention carries a certain stress for the human body. The doctor's task in such a difficult period for the patient is not only the competent and professional operation, but also the patient's preparation for the recovery process.
Virtually no surgical operation can not do without the application of seams, which are a way of combining biological tissues and contributing to reducing bleeding and choleresis.
To understand how to remove stitches at home, you need to know how they differ. Seams are divided into immersed and removable.
Removable sutures are removed after the fusion of the edges of the wound and are characterized by high strength. Are made on the basis of synthetic and natural materials( mersilen, silk, linen, kapron, nylon), metal staples and wire.
Immersed( non-removable) seams are made from catgut - a natural material made from thin sheep guts and capable of resorbing after a while. Advantage - not rejected by the body. The disadvantage is low strength.
How to remove postoperative sutures at home? The moment of removal of postoperative sutures directly depends on a number of factors, namely:
- state of health of the patient;
- nature of the operation;
- features of the disease;
- of the patient's age;
- restorative characteristics of the body.
The fixing material for the body is foreign. Therefore, to avoid the onset of the inflammatory process, the seams should be removed in a timely manner. How to remove stitches at home? At home, this is not recommended because of the possibility of infection, which jeopardizes the patient's life.
Timing of removal of joints
How to remove stitches at home? What is the risk of late or premature withdrawal of stitches? When carrying out this manipulation later than the recommended time, the patient feels unpleasant sensations and tension at the place of sewing. Then there can be an ingrowth of tissues, a wound injury, which will negatively affect the appearance of the rumen. Dangerous removal of sutures before the time: the edges of the wound may not be able to grow together.
Time to remove stitches:
- after 12 days - with amputation;
- after 6 days - with operations on the head;
- a week later - after a slight dissection of the abdominal wall and 9-12 - with a deep operation;
- 10-14 days - with surgery in the thorax;
- 14 days - with surgical intervention made to elderly people, weakened diseases and infections, oncological patients( due to decreased regenerative capacity of the body);
- 14-20 days after delivery;
- 7-10 days after caesarean section.
How to remove stitches at home
Sometimes it happens that for any reason the possibility of going to a medical institution is absent. If the recommended healing period has passed, the wound looks protracted, how to remove stitches at home to a person who has never encountered this process before, is afraid and does not understand the sequence of actions?
In this case it is important not to panic, to include all of your composure and utmost care. First of all, it is necessary to remove the bandage from the wound and make sure that it is not dangerous to remove the seam.
If you find redness in this place or signs of inflammation from self-removal of sutures it is necessary to refuse and necessarily to contact the doctor, as, most likely, there was an infection of the wound.
In the preparatory phase, you should select the tools that will be used to remove the seams. So how to properly remove stitches at home?
You will need sharp scissors( preferably manicure) and tweezers. A knife to remove the seams is highly discouraged. Ideally, if instead of household scissors at hand are real surgical. The hand tools should be sterilized: let it sit for a couple of minutes in a pot of boiling water, then get it, put it on a clean towel and allow to dry.
It is also recommended to rub them with alcohol. Also it is necessary to treat the antiseptic with hands. These measures will not allow infection to enter the wound.
Next, prepare sterile bandages and an ointment containing antibiotics, in case of possible bleeding.
The place where the seams will be removed should be washed with soapy water, wipe with a clean towel. Then wipe with cotton wool soaked in alcohol solution. The main process should be started, completely making sure that the skin around the seams is clean. How to remove stitches after surgery at home?
Description of the process sequence
The jointing process should be performed in a well-lit place in order to clearly see the slightest nuances.
First, the tweezers need not raise the first knot very high. Then, with scissors, cut off the base of the thread and begin to gently pull it out, avoiding the ingress of external pieces into the tissue. This should be done until the last thread leaves the scar.
Node through the skin should not be stretched: it will become stuck and cause bleeding. At the end of the procedure, which is relatively painless( unless there is slight discomfort and tingling during the drawing of the thread), you should make sure that there are no fragments from the sewing material in the wound. To accelerate the regeneration of the skin and prevent the occurrence of infection, the scar's site should be treated with a weak iodonate composition, then apply a fixative bandage.
How to remove stitches from the head at home? It is extremely undesirable to do it yourself in hard-to-reach places, on the head, after extensive surgery, as this is fraught with a guaranteed infection. Do not wet and soap the cuts from the stitches. Do not try to remove the surgical brackets at home: the doctors do it in a hospital with a special tool. If suddenly blood begins to bleed from the wound, it is necessary to stop the independent operation and urgently go to the doctor who will help to finish what was started.
The appearance of the wound and its healing depend on the accuracy of the sutures and the timeliness of their removal. Therefore, it is desirable that the seams are removed by a professional medical professional.
Tips for care of wound
To the operated site should be treated very carefully, try not to touch it and not injure, because the strength of the skin on this site is minimal - 10% of the norm. Categorically, it is impossible to expose an unhealed wound to sunlight, as this will provoke darkening of the sore spot. For the speedy healing of the wound, approximately six months, you should use specialized ointments and creams, which the doctor will write out.