Sebaceous gland cysts: treatment, symptoms
Sebaceous gland cysts - are tumor-like subcutaneous formations. These formations are benign and practically bear no threat. It is worthwhile to survive in case of tumor growth or inflammatory processes in the area of appearance of this defect. However, often among the causes of discontent from the appearance of cysts is the discomfort experienced by a person, if this education appears on the face or other prominent areas of the body. From this article you will get information about the causes of the formation of the sebaceous gland cyst and the ways of treating this disease.
Features of the sebaceous gland
Before considering the question of the cyst, let's see what is the sebaceous gland? Greasy gland is responsible for covering the fat surface of the skin and hair of a person. These glands are found in almost all parts of the body. Depending on where they are on the skin, they have a difference in size and structure.
The work of the sebaceous gland consists in the development of a special secret, which, discharged through the ducts, provides greasing with the skin and hair. If the ducts of the sebaceous gland are clogged and the secret secretion does not go outside, but accumulates in the epidermis, a person appears atheroma - the sebaceous cyst cyst.
Atheroma: what is it?
Atheroma, or cyst, is a neoplasm arising in one of the ducts of the sebaceous glands. Usually it has a rounded shape and arises in those places of the body where the accumulation of sebaceous glands is located. The greasy cyst can be compared to a closed pouch that forms under the skin. This "bag" is filled with keratin - a substance resembling cheese.
Among places of abundant accumulation of sebaceous glands it is worth noting the face, ears, scalp, place between the shoulder blades, the back of the neck, axillary cavities, scrotum and labia. Very often the sebaceous gland cyst on the head appears on the places where the hair is located, sometimes it leads to hair loss.
The cyst consists of epithelium and sebum, that is, fatty matter. Not always an atheroma is manifested as a single entity, often doctors fix multiple rashes. In medical practice, there is the term "atheromatosis" - the appearance of multiple benign lesions( atter).
In people at risk are people who have a fatty type of hair and skin. Both women and men are equally susceptible to this disease. The sebaceous gland cyst can also appear in adolescents, because in the period of puberty the sebaceous glands work with redoubled force. The accumulation of fat and bacteria is a beneficial soil for the development of atheroma.
Among the most common causes of the appearance of the sebaceous gland cysts should be noted:
1. Genetic diseases and heredity.
2.Disception of pathology during intrauterine development of the fetus( instead of cells that are designed to form nails, hair and skin, other tumors are formed).
3. Seizure or damage to the sebaceous gland .
4. Rupture of the hair bulb .
5. Increased sweating on the background of hormonal failures.
6. Fat seborrhea.
7. Acne rash .
8. Prolonged exposure to the sun provokes the appearance of atheroma on the face.
9. Damage to the skin.
Symptoms of the disease
Cysts of the sebaceous glands, photos of which - are not for the faint-hearted, they are spherical tumors having absolutely straight outlines. Atheroma can be called a mobile formation, which has a dense consistency.
If you carefully examine this benign tumor, then in its center you can see a small dark dot - this is a blockage of the gland duct outlet.
Color cysts rarely differ from the color of the skin. But sometimes they come with a reddish, yellowish or white hue.
Atheromas, if grown, are very slow. They are in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. According to statistics, one in ten people has a sebaceous gland cyst. Most often it forms on the head: most of all - in the scalp, rarely there is a cyst of sebaceous glands on the forehead. People after 40 years are more prone to tumors than young people.
Preliminary examination of the tumor and fixing clear contours, rounded shape, black point( clogged duct) and absence of any painful sensations, nevertheless it is necessary to consult a doctor. You will be able to get the exact diagnosis only in the hospital.
It should be noted that the cyst is very similar to lipoma, and sometimes it can be regenerated into a malignant tumor. Therefore, to exclude all risk factors and make sure of the diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo histological and morphological studies.
Prevention of the disease
Among the preventive measures, personal hygiene occupies a special place. Caring for the body, keeping it clean is the best way to prevent the appearance of the sebaceous cyst.
A person who takes a bath or shower every day, uses antibacterial soap, can be sure of his health. It is important to give time to wash your back while bathing.
Prevention of the appearance of atheroma on the face will be the conduct of cosmetic procedures aimed at cleaning the pores. These measures include cosmetic massage, steam baths, masks.
Reduces the greasiness of the scalp with the use of special shampoos.
In addition to hygiene, a change in the diet, where preference will be given to low-fat food, will also be effective.
Sometimes the appearance of athe contributes to a failure in the endocrine system of the human body. It is important to consult an endocrinologist.
Kista: remove or leave?
If the cyst is small, does not grow, does not bother either aesthetically or biologically, then this education does not need treatment. However, if a person has a sebaceous gland cyst on his face or if it starts to grow, and worst of all - discomfort or pain, you should seek help from specialists.
Doctors advise to remove any education in order to rule out complications. Growth can fester, swell and increase in size. The cyst, which is suppurated, can break through on its own, and this is fraught with the appearance of a very unpleasant odor. Therefore, before deciding whether to remove the cyst or leave, consult a doctor.
The most radical method of treatment for
The only correct and most radical way to treat atheroma is that all doctors - cosmetologists, dermatologists, surgeons - consider removal. The cyst is a neoplasm that does not resolve. It can only break through, and in this case the patient is threatened with sepsis, because the contents of it can seep into the subcutaneous tissue.
If a person has a sebaceous gland cyst, treatment of large lesions is performed by a surgical procedure. In this case, the operation is done with a scalpel, the seams are placed in place of the incision. The cyst is opened, all the contents are removed and treated with medications.
If an abscess occurs
Suppuration is an excuse to do the operation immediately. The abscess is opened and drained.
Operation in an emergency procedure does not have a very good cosmetic effect. The incisions made during the removal of pus, doctors do not stitch, they heal so. In this case, the formation of a rough scar is possible.
It should be remembered that pus, which appeared on the spot cysts, often prevents completely to remove the formation. It is fraught with a relapse - a resurgence of cystic education. The conclusion from this is one: timely access to doctors is the key to successfully eliminating sebaceous gland cysts.
Other methods of removal
Medicine is constantly evolving, ways of treating patients are being improved. Modern methods of conducting operations are safe, very effective and practically do not have postoperative complications. These methods include laser removal and exposure to the cyst by radio waves.
The first method is used only if a person has a small cyst and completely lacks inflammation. This method eliminates the formation of scars and scars. This is the ideal way to remove the cyst located in prominent parts of the body, especially on the face.
Removal of the sebaceous gland cyst by means of radio waves allows to affect with very high accuracy the affected area of the body. After using this method, neither scars nor scars remain. The cyst "evaporates" and disappears.
Advantage of radio-wave and laser methods
If a patient has a neglected form of atheroma - a build-up of pus or inflammation, unfortunately, one has to resort to a surgical method of removal. If these negative signs of the disease are absent, it is better to remove the cyst by the above methods.
First, these methods have a good effect in terms of the cosmetic side of the operation, and secondly, there is a 100% guarantee that the remote site will never again re-education. If you have to remove the cyst on the part of the head where there is hair, they do not need to be shaved off before the operation.
The procedure consists of removing the neoplasm together with the capsule and completely eliminating the possibility of even a microscopic piece of the wen. It is known that the smallest piece of deformed tissue left behind can cause a recurrence and re-formation of the cyst.
It is important to expose the removed tissue to histological examination!
The incapacity of a person who underwent an operation to remove a cyst by a laser method or with the use of radio waves, is restored after a couple of days. Healing occurs as quickly as possible. Well, the main plus - no hospital treatment.
Traditional methods of treatment of
Although official medicine does not accept health improvement with the help of traditional medicine methods, there are recipes that can significantly facilitate the course of this disease. The main thing is to remember that in this case there is nothing to count on the instant result.
Self-treatment of the sebaceous gland cyst is completely contraindicated! This can provoke infection of skin tissue. The methods of traditional medicine can be resorted only after consultation with your doctor. Do not forget about it.
Among the effective methods can be identified:
- Compresses from leaves of mother-and-stepmother. Fresh sheets of this plant should be applied to the cyst and secured with bandage or plaster. The compress is changed every day.
- Lotion from the decoction of burdock roots. Burdock root, boiled, filtered and used after cooling.
- Compresses from baked onions and laundry soap. In this case, the ingredients are rubbed on the grater and mixed, turning into a mushy mixture. The imposed bandage is changed a couple times a day.