Ovarian inflammation: causes, symptoms, and treatments
Ovaries are a very important organ, as they are responsible for egg maturation and ovulation. In addition, the tissues of the ovaries produce a number of important hormones that regulate not only the activity of the reproductive system and the processes of fertilization, but also the functioning of the whole organism. That is why inflammation of the ovaries is a very dangerous disease that requires immediate and correct treatment.
Causes of inflammation of the ovaries. Ovarian inflammation is an infectious disease caused by completely different strains of microorganisms. The fact is that in the normal state of the body both the ovaries and the fallopian tubes are in practically complete sterility and even the slightest penetration of the infection can cause sad consequences.
The causative agents of the disease may be chlamydia, gonococci, Trichomonas, in short, any infection transmitted during intercourse. This is what happens in those female representatives who lead a fairly promiscuous sexual life, while neglecting the methods of safety. In addition, infection is possible during surgery or abortion, as well as at too early onset of sexual activity after such procedures.
There is another cause of ovarian inflammation and it is associated with the state of the immune system. The fact is that those microorganisms that are not dangerous at a normal level of immune defense become aggressive when it decreases. The trigger mechanism can serve as frequent stresses, severe hypothermia, malnutrition, anemia and beriberi.
Ovarian inflammation: symptoms of .Acute inflammation of the ovaries is accompanied, as a rule, by a sharp increase in body temperature, weakness, apathy and pain syndrome. Pain can give in the sides and lumbar region. In addition, inflammation of the ovaries is accompanied by abundant secretions, sometimes even with impurities of blood.
As for chronic inflammation, its symptoms are constant pain, loss of appetite, nervous system disorders, spotting between menstruation, as well as nausea, decreased libido, inability to conceive or endure a child.
Ovarian inflammation: what is the danger? In fact, such a disease is rather insidious. In the absence of treatment, the tissues of the ovaries and fallopian tubes begin to change and form spikes, which prevent the normal exit and movement of the egg, lead to frequent ectopic pregnancies, etc. That is why, in the presence of symptoms, examination by a gynecologist is mandatory.
How to cure ovarian inflammation? This question should only be dealt with by an obstetrician-gynecologist. As a rule, sick women are assigned bed rest and antibiotic treatment. For the final diagnosis, strokes from the cervix and vagina are needed - this will help identify the pathogen and choose the appropriate drug. In addition, a sick woman can take antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.
In the event that the inflammation of the ovaries has passed into a purulent form, a woman is shown laparoscopy. During this procedure, the doctor will clear the ovaries and pipes from the purulent contents, perform irrigation with antiseptics and treat with local antibiotics.
In the absence of treatment, the acute form of inflammation changes into chronic after about 7 to 11 days.
Do not self-medicate - it will only aggravate your situation. When pain occurs, in no case should you put a heating pad on your stomach, as the heat will only increase the foci of inflammation.
At the time of treatment, the patient patient should not have sexual relations, since the effect of treatment will be reduced to none. You can not also overcool the body. The patient shows warmth and peace. The course of taking antibiotics must be completed, even if the symptoms of the disease have passed.