Removal of lipoma: reviews of doctors, a review of methods and features
Whether it is necessary to remove the lipoma, how dangerous it is and why this neoplasm arises - the most common questions asked by people who have found under their skin a nodular densification.
In order to answer these questions, it is necessary to consider all aspects of the disease: etiology, symptomatology, prevention, direct removal of lipoma, reviews of people who have already removed wienerki by various methods.
What is a lipoma?
A lipoma or adipose is a benign lesion under the skin. They can be relatively small( from half a centimeter) and reach the size of a chicken egg. Weners are painless, a person with lipomatosis does not have any symptoms of the disease, with the exception of mediocrely dense formations under the skin.
Lipoma consists of adipose tissue, people of any age can face lipomatosis, but most often the pathology occurs at the age of 30-60 years.
Etiology of lipomatosis
The causes of lipomatosis are not yet known reliably. Scientists put forward, at least two theories of the emergence of lipomatosis, both of them are quite viable.
- According to the first theory, a person mechanically injures acne on the skin, which provokes a strong inflammatory process. That is, the flow of the sebaceous gland is blocked, the furuncle is formed, which, in turn, grows into a fatty. This theory perfectly explains the causes of the formation of a single lipoma, but does not explain the etiology of lipomatosis - multiple lipomas.
- The second theory of the appearance of lipomas is a violation of the biochemical process of fat metabolism, as a result of which the amount of adipose tissue increases. And the causes of the violation of the fat metabolism can be based on psychological and physiological stresses( infectious diseases, hypothermia, climate change, etc.) In this case, it is important to fight precisely the root cause of the disease, because even if effective removal of lipoma, reviews warnabout the risk of recurrence of the disease.
There are data according to which a significant role in the etiology of lipomatosis is assigned to a genetic factor, but this theory does not yet have scientific evidence. Also, many scientists claim the relationship between lipomatosis and endocrine diseases, pancreatic pathologies. There is evidence of a hypothetical relationship between the formation of adipose and alcoholism.
Determine composition lipoma can be histological means, when part of the cellsfrom neoplasm taken for examination under a microscope.
A tumor can have both clear boundaries and vague when the fatty gently turns into a normal fatty tissue. For a dermatologist, diagnostics of a wen'rope usually does not present any problems.
Is Lipoma Dangerous?
Lipoma is a benign formation, but it can be a cause of aesthetic discomfort, especially if the lipoma is large or requires removal of the lipoma around the neck, testimonials indicate that most people tend to get rid of the tumor.
The location of the lipoma is of enormous importance. If it is near the joint, it can affect the degree of its mobility. If you are close to a nerve end, you may experience pain or numbness.
Patients are often concerned about the natural question: can a benign entity become malignant? Theoretically, this is possible, but in practice it is extremely rare. In addition, there is always the risk of incorrect diagnosis, when malignant education is taken for benign.
Therefore, the removal of the lipoma is based on considerations of physical and emotional comfort, as well as preventing the transformation of the tumor into a malignant one.
Removal of folk methods
Traditional medicine offers a large number of methods for home removal of lipomas. Reviews can promise a quick effect, but there is no scientific justification for effectiveness. Doctors warn that no ointments, compresses, diets and massages can help in the fight against lipomas.
Surgical removal of lipid
The classical method of getting rid of lipomas is surgical intervention. It is carried out under local anesthesia, so the maximum discomfort the patient experiences in the surgeon's office is the pain from an injection with an anesthetic.
The surgeon makes a small incision on the skin, gently squeezes out the wen and sutures the wound. If the lipoma is large, fluid can accumulate in the cavity formed. In this case, it is advisable to install drainage. Removal of the lipoma surgically, reviews on which you can get from any doctor, has a significant drawback: the formation of scars. If the resection is carried out on the back or scalp, this problem is not significant, but to get rid of the fatty glands in the face area, it is better to choose another method.
Reviews of patients who have already gone through the procedure, suggest that after surgery at the site of removal, swelling or swelling may occur. As a rule, the rehabilitation period ends after 7-10 days. To everyday life a person can return right after the operation.
The removal of lipogram-wen with a laser is the most effective, safe and painless. Among the advantages of the method are:
- absence of blood;
- minimal risk of infection;
- no pain;
- absence of scars;
- the duration of the procedure is 1 minute.
The laser beam facilitates the extraction of the wen foot from the surrounding tissues and simultaneously "seals" the capillaries. If the lipoma was large, the surgeon will need to suture the wound.
The remote lipoma is sent for compulsory histological examination. But if the size of the formation is very small, the fat will be completely destroyed by the laser beam.
According to statistics, an increasing number of people use laser removal of lipoma. The testimonies testify to the painlessness and absence of the rehabilitation period.
Radio wave method
The removal of a wen with radio waves has the same advantages as a laser: a person has the opportunity to get rid of lipoma without pain, scars and bleeding. However, it is impossible to remove the formation more than 3 cm by this method.
The principle of the method is to separate the lipoma from the surrounding tissues with an invisible radio wave knife. At the same time, the effect of frequencies promotes the rapid regeneration of tissues. The doctor takes out the entire fatty capsule and sends it to a histological examination. At the site of removal, there is a slight damage resembling a scratch that completely heals in a few days.
It is important to know that the presence of a pacemaker makes radio wave removal of the lipoma impossible. The patient's testimonies indicate the high speed of the procedure and the ability to return to daily life immediately after the procedure.
Cryodestruction is a method of removing neoplasm using low temperatures( liquid nitrogen).This method has a significant difference from the others - in the course of it the doctor does not remove the lipoma, but leaves it in the tissues. The lipoma itself diminishes in size and disappears after a while.
How to choose?
A variety of lipid removal methods give rise to a choice problem in patients. Taking into account the symptoms of lipomatosis, each person understands the need for such a procedure as removing the lipoma. Feedbacks and recommendations indicate the positive and negative aspects of each method, so it is difficult to make a choice yourself.
The best and easiest way to make the right choice is to consult a dermatologist. He will inspect the education, assess its location, size, concomitant human diseases and suggest a method of treatment that will be most appropriate in his case.
However, the choice of a doctor is an essential part of the success of the event. In this case, you can and should rely on people's recommendations. For example, if you need to remove the lipoma in Moscow, the reviews will be of great help in choosing.
Thus, lipomatosis - an unpleasant, but not a dangerous disease. Modern methods allow you to quickly and effectively deal with formations. The dermatologist will not only help get rid of the lipoma, but will also determine the cause of the problem, which means that it will tell you how to avoid the formation of fat worms in the future.