Types of hemorrhoids and its treatment
The modern population is increasingly turning to doctors, complaining about various vascular diseases. Women suffer from varicose veins of the lower extremities. In the absence of timely treatment and regular maintenance therapy, this ailment can become simply unbearable. Representatives of the stronger sex more often have such a disease as hemorrhoids. It is about him that will be discussed in this article. You will learn what kinds of hemorrhoids happen. Photos of various drugs that can cure pathology will also be presented to your attention. It is worth mentioning about surgical and minimally invasive treatment.
What is it?
Before saying what kinds of hemorrhoids happen, it is worth saying a few words about the disease itself. Hemorrhoids are a vascular pathology. At it the hyperplasia of rings of an intestine is formed. They are mutated and transformed. Because of this, there is a stretching of the vessels that permeate the thin and large intestine along the entire length. The prerequisites for the formation of hemorrhoids can be anything. But more often this is an improper diet, a sedentary lifestyle, constipation, strong physical activity. Women often have a problem on the last days of pregnancy and during childbirth. This is due to the squeezing of the fetal vessels and the intestines.
Types of hemorrhoids
Pathology has many variations. It is divided into several different subgroups. When you contact a specialist, the doctor must determine what kind of business you are dealing with. Only after this, certain therapy can be prescribed. It is worth noting that, depending on what kinds of hemorrhoids you have, and its treatment will be appropriate. If you visited a doctor immediately after the onset of symptoms, then, most likely, confine yourself in a conservative way. In neglected situations, surgical intervention in addition to subsequent drug therapy may be recommended.
By nature of its origin, hemorrhoids are divided into congenital and acquired. The latter is divided into primary and secondary. Depending on the location of the pathology may be internal or external. The nature of the course of hemorrhoids is chronic and acute. The latter is also presented in three forms. Pathology has several stages of its development. Let's try to understand all the characteristics in detail and find out which kinds of hemorrhoids are especially dangerous.
Origin of the disease
As already mentioned, there are two types of hemorrhoids - congenital and acquired. In the first case, heredity plays a big role. Such a hemorrhoids is rarely diagnosed. However, medicine knows cases of its appearance. Congenital nodes are determined already in infancy. In this case, most likely, both parents have vascular diseases.
Acquired hemorrhoids, in turn, are primary or secondary. The first kind appears as an independent disease. In other words, there are no additional ailments that can lead to the formation of a node. Secondary hemorrhoids - this is a special kind of pathology. It is formed due to some ailment. It can be inflammation of the intestines, cirrhosis of the liver, stomach ulcers and so on. To cure such nodes, you must first find the cause of their formation and eliminate it.
Location of nodes
Hemorrhoids are also internal and external. The first is located in the intestine and does not go beyond the anus. External hemorrhoids can be palpated independently. It is characterized by the presence of cones in the anus. Some of them are refueled after the act of defecation. Treatment of internal and external hemorrhoids conservative methods is different. In the first case, doctors prescribe candles more often. External nodes are mainly processed with ointments.
Chronic and acute hemorrhoids
Most often the disease has a chronic form. In this case, it can become aggravated with different frequency. The prerequisites for deterioration are loads, constipation and malnutrition. Acute hemorrhoids are rare. It is characterized by a sharp appearance of the problem and its rapid elimination with the help of appropriate drugs. If a long time to ignore acute hemorrhoids, it will end in a chronic form.
There are several degrees of acute disease:
- Thrombosis in the absence of inflammation. The nodes are painful on palpation, the mucous membranes have redness.
- Thrombosis with inflammation.there is severe pain in any position, the inflamed parts of the membranes are noted.
- Thrombosis with inflammation of the cellulose under the skin. Palpation is impossible because of severe pain. There is an extensive inflammatory process, an increase in body temperature, a general malaise.
Stages of hemorrhoids
There are 4 main stages of the disease course. At its earliest stages, as mentioned above, conservative treatment with a fairly good prognosis is possible. However, not every person goes to a specialist with his delicate problem. More often people try to cure pathology on their own than start the disease. Then they go through all stages of the development of the disease:
- Stage one. A person marks bloody discharge after an act of defecation. They are rarely accompanied by pain. Some people simply do not even notice how the disease goes to the next stage.
- The second stage. The patient feels discomfort and painful sensations during and after defecation. However, they do not bother him in ordinary life. It often feels burning and itching in the anus.
- Stage three. Hemorrhoidal nodes extend beyond the anus, but they can be handled. Most often this occurs after defecation or tension. Self-care nodes in the intestine is no longer observed.
- Fourth stage. This stage is quite dangerous and requires prompt medical intervention. Hemorrhoidal nodes are not adjusted even manually. There is abundant bleeding, leading to anemia and general deterioration of well-being.
Types of hemorrhoids and ways of treatment: is there any correlation? Between the symptoms of the pathology and their correction there is an inseparable dependence. If a person complains of a decrease in working capacity, bleeding, then, most likely, he is dealing with anemia. Therefore, in addition to traditional treatment, funds are used to increase the level of hemoglobin.
If you contact a specialist at an early stage, then you will be prescribed drugs for oral administration, ointments, creams and suppositories. These drugs will help to normalize blood flow, remove inflammation, eliminate pain and establish a defecation process. In the later stages of hemorrhoids, minimally invasive agents are used. This is the famous sclerotherapy, silicone ring ligation, laser therapy and so on. In the most severe cases, surgery is performed with complete removal of the site. Also, correction of hemorrhoids can be done by people's methods. However, doctors treat them very skeptically. Let us consider in more detail what preparations and methods are used to treat hemorrhoids.
If you have the most basic types of hemorrhoids, you usually prescribe medications that can be purchased at the pharmacy. For oral use, tablets "Detralex", "Venarus", "Flebodia", "Antistax", "Troxevasin" and others are recommended. They strengthen the machine tools of the vessels and relieve inflammation, normalizing the blood flow. Anesthetics are also used. This is "Diclofenac", "Ketorol", "Nimesulide" and so on. They will help to remove the pain symptom and reduce the inflammatory process.
As a topical medicine, ointments and suppositories are used. These include Relief, Gepatrombin, Aurobin, Proktonis, Posterizan, and so on. To remove the inflammation and get an antiseptic effect, ointments "Ihtiolovoy", "Vishnevsky" and "Levomekol" are used. All drugs are injected into the gut only after the act of defecation. External application of ointments occurs after toilet of genitals and anus.
Minimally invasive methods
If you have disturbing types of hemorrhoids( symptoms: bleeding, pain, burning, knots), then a minimally invasive procedure can be performed. Most often, sclerotherapy is used. The patient is given special medicines in the conditions of the hospital. In Russia, "Ethoxysclerol" is commonly used in various concentrations. Within a few months, the expanded vessel is glued together and replaced by a connective tissue.
Ring ligation is the second most popular. During manipulation, the nodes are jammed with silicone attachments. Gradually, their blood supply is disrupted and the tissue dies. Laser therapy is used less often. The procedure is quite expensive and inaccessible.
Surgical treatment of
The most common types of hemorrhoids in men are diagnosed. After all, it is the representatives of the stronger sex who are drawn to the doctor until the last moment. In this situation, a surgical operation is required. Treatment provides for hospitalization for 7 or 10 days. The procedure is performed under anesthesia. The hemorrhoidal node is simply excised and the wound is sutured. After surgical treatment, appropriate conservative therapy is required. It involves adherence to diet, diet, the use of laxatives and the medicines described above.
You learned from the article what kinds of hemorrhoids happen( photo).In women, this disease is less common and less acute. Despite this, with the appearance of the slightest symptoms of pathology, it is worthwhile to contact a specialist. This will help you to protect yourself from serious problems. Good health to you!