What will happen if you tear off a mole
Today's view of birthmarks in people who do not have the right information is a mixture of truth and fiction.
Here are the most common myths:
- birthmarks are given to a person at birth;
- places their location on the body coincide with relatives;
- if you tear off a mole, death from cancer is inevitable.
How are things going in reality?
- the whole person wears 25-30 moles.90% of them occur gradually, the process lasts a lifetime;
- is not only for brothers and sisters, but even for twins, birthmarks are in completely different places;
- if a single injury to the birthmark, there is no cancer.
However, not everything is so simple.
Many put the question "What will happen if you tear off a birthmark?" In terms of maximum danger. After all, it is known that after such incidents people still died.
A tragic outcome is possible only in one case. If the mole itself turned into a malignant tumor called melanoma, it grew and changed regardless of the trauma. Then the smallest parts of it sooner or later come off and swim away through the blood vessels. Hooked anywhere in the body, melanoma cells begin to multiply uncontrollably and form metastases( new cancerous tumors).This process is really fatal, irreversible. Melanoma is not treated and inevitably leads to death.
But if it is not ripped off, the cancer will develop without trauma in the same way as with trauma.
Small statistics should calm those who are especially afraid.
Died of melanoma 0.2% - per 1000 people two unhappy. And from banal poisoning in alcoholic intoxication - 10%, i.e.hundred people per 1000 live. From cardiovascular excesses( acute heart failure, myocardial infarction, etc.) - 50%, that is, five hundred people for every 1000 people living. There is a sense to relax: most likely, those who are afraid of damaged birthmarks will die from drunkenness or from a heart attack.
What happens if you tear off a birthmark that is not melanoma? For example, it is a benign tumor of the papilloma( an outgrowth of white-pink color, slightly elongated) or simply a pigmented spot. Suppose, such a birthmark was inadvertently shaved.
The answer, most likely, will be pleasant to those who have increased anxiety: there will be nothing to worry about! The wound will heal. In its place, either no trace remains, or a small scar remains, or a new birthmark grows, very similar to the old one. About melanoma, in this case, there can be no question. Of course, experimenting and ripping the birthmark many times in one place is not worth it. If she has grown again, it is better to see a doctor and he will remove it professionally.
What happens if you tear off a mole and begin to bleed profusely?
Finally calm down. Now this is definitely not cancer. Such birthmarks are called angiomas, these are congestions of blood vessels. They have nothing to do with melanoma. Apply gauze bandage, fix it with adhesive tape. Wait until the blood stops and go to the doctor to completely get rid of the problem.
If the birthmark is always rubbing clothes or shoes, the doctor will also remove it without dangerous consequences.
However, for the sake of revealing the truth it is worth looking at the nature of moles and on the other hand.
Benign tumors, called nevi( birthmarks) appear in children and adolescents, as well as in pregnancy. Under the skin of a person live melanocytes - brown pigment( staining) cells. Their purpose is to protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation, which is part of the sunlight. Over time, melanocytes move to the surface of the skin and protrude on it in the form of moles.
Accumulations of these cells do not present any harm. But their possible rebirth is dangerous. Melanoma develops from five to fifty years, and this can not be seen until the stage of its activity has come. But the problem is that at this stage the cancer is already incurable, or its treatment requires serious procedures for health, the success of which is not guaranteed.
Of all the external stimuli that can lead to the development of melanoma, the sun is the most dangerous. The ultraviolet radiation affects melanocyte nuclei, and then the cells lose the ability to die. Their reproduction can not be stopped further. Collecting, they form a malignant( cancerous) tumor.
To avoid trouble, you can not take too much sun. And it is very undesirable to tan the birthmark with the sun. It is better to hide them from the sun's rays.
Pregnant women are also at risk. The body undergoes hormonal restructuring, during which the skin changes. When pregnancy, whenever possible, you should avoid the sun.
Mechanical injuries, as mentioned above, can not turn a benign nevus into melanoma. However, if you tear off the mole that has already begun to change, then the process of degeneration can intensify.
How do you know if a nevus is turning into melanoma?
Attentively take into account the following features:
- Nevus changes its color. The color is intensified or weakened, it becomes uneven. The mole fills with a ring, red or dark.
- The nevus is peeling, itching, burning or stinging.
- The contours of the nevus are "blurred", losing their clarity.
- The nevus is enlarged and compacted.
- The nevus has cracks, it bleeds, although there was no trauma.
Any of these signs is an excuse to run to a doctor-oncodermatologist. If there is no such specialist in the medical institution, you must first contact a dermatologist( skin diseases specialist) and then an oncologist. You can not wait for an hour in such cases.
How do doctors come in if you need to get rid of a birthmark? Removal is performed by the following methods:
- surgical laser;
- using an electric coagulator( see explanation below);
- by cryodestruction( instantaneous freezing to ultra-low temperature);
- with a conventional scalpel.
How does the deletion occur in each of these cases?
It is generally accepted that the method of laser surgery is the most modern. With the help of a laser beam, it is possible to accurately reach the pigment cells. The skin thus remains in full safety, not being exposed to cuts.
With the help of the laser it is possible to reduce to zero the patency of small vessels, creating in each of them an artificial thrombus. In this way, the way of spreading the metastases by the bloodstream is overlapped.
Laser surgery is painless and done quickly. With their help the nevus is removed irrevocably. At the same time, if the laser is operated by a specialist of insufficiently high class, there is a danger of obtaining after the operation areas of deep scars on the skin.
A special device is used for electrocoagulation. This is a miniature loop that is heated by electricity to the required temperatures. It covers the nevus and burns it without a trace. After the operation, one or two weeks must be tolerated on the skin of a crust, as if there was a burn. If the coagulation was deep, scars can not be avoided. At the same time, the tissue of the removed nevus remains so fresh and safe that it is convenient to immediately send it to laboratory tests.
Liquid nitrogen is used for cryodestruction. Specialists consider this method more suitable for cosmetic surgery than for the removal of dubious nevi. It is impossible to control the effect of nitrogen. If it proves to be too weak, the mole can only partially retire. If it is excessive - scar tissue is formed.
Birthmarks are removed surgically - a conventional scalpel - if it is a large benign education from three to five centimeters and the operation is cosmetic. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, stitches are applied.
It is very important to carry out medical recommendations in the postoperative period. The crust is to be treated with antiseptic preparations. If it is ripped off, complications are possible - from scars to new metastases. It must remain absolutely dry until it falls off.
The site of removal of the mole is forbidden to substitute the sun within two weeks after the operation.
So, what happens if you tear off a birthmark?
The serious answer to this question depends on how well the information is owned by the person who answers it.