What is a fungus? Types and methods of treatment
What is a fungus, probably everyone knows, since many suffer from this problem, arising for a variety of reasons. Fungal diseases can affect different parts of the body, in particular:
- some internal organs.
Many of them are all the time inside the human body, on mucous or skin integuments and become pathogenic only under certain conditions.
Fungus, whose photo helps to determine the peculiarity of the disease, can occur on different parts of the body. Fungal lesions are a group of various infections that, without competent therapy, are constantly progressing. Despite the fact that they do not lead to a decrease in the quality of life, they still give some discomfort.
Doctors distinguish several types of fungal lesions, depending on their location, the type of microorganism and the extent of the lesion. It is also important to understand what the different types of fungus are, the photo will be able to demonstrate this clearly. Given the characteristic signs, you can timely diagnose the disease and conduct adequate therapy.
Kinds of fungal diseases
It is important to know not only what a fungus is, but also what sorts of it are, since this largely determines the peculiarity of the therapy of the disease. To determine the type of fungal damage, it is important to consider factors such as the depth of tissue damage, as well as the location area. Depending on this, the following species are distinguished:
Each of these species has a different area of localization, as well as a peculiarity of the course of the disease, which is why it is important to diagnose the disease in a timely manner, as well as to conduct competent therapy.
Dermatophytosis is characterized by the defeat of deeper layers of skin, as well as nails and hair. The pathological process is accompanied by inflammation. The most common forms of fungus are:
Infection with fungi of trichophytosis occurs as a result of contact with an infected person or his things. In addition, infection can occur from animals. The disease can occur in several different forms, namely:
- is infiltrative;
The superficial type is characterized by the formation of pinkish or red spots on the skin, which after a while begin to peel off, are covered with crusts. Stains can form near the mouth, nose and eyes.
Infiltrative form is an inflammatory process, as well as the presence of puffiness.
The suppurative form refers to the heaviest, as on the skin integuments red spots with prominent pus are formed, and when drying, crusts are formed. Since the patches are open, there is a possibility of bacterial infection.
Microsporia is characterized by the fact that infection occurs from animals. Often children suffer from the disease. Symptomatics is almost the same as with trichophytosis, but the spots are somewhat smaller in size. The disease affects the scalp, as well as nails.
Mycosis implies a defeat of smooth skin, and infection occurs by the household way from a sick person or by contact with his things. Infiltration is facilitated by abrasions and cracks. In some cases, mycosis may spread to the face and head. Often, the pathological process involves nail plates. They begin to change their shape and color, become more dense or, on the contrary, brittle. Treatment of the nail fungus is rather complicated and long, since the nail plate should be completely renewed.
Keratomycosis is the damage to the upper layers of the skin and hair. These include nodal trichosporia and lichen. Multicolored lichen occurs when the skin is affected by pathogenic fungi, which, under normal conditions, does not refer to pathogenic fungi. Symptomatology is characterized by the formation of pinkish spots on the skin, and then they gradually turn brown, after which they lose their color and become clearly visible only on the dark skin.
Knotty trichosporia is rare. This disease is characterized by the defeat of the scalp and scalp. Around the hair, a white or black lesion is formed. Hair does not break off, and the disease runs in a chronic stage.
When diagnosed with candidiasis, many are interested in what a fungus is and how it manifests itself. This disease affects the internal organs, skin and mucous membranes. The causes of candidiasis can be external and internal. Internal causes include diabetes and disorders of the endocrine system, a decrease in the immune system, as well as a prolonged intake of antibacterial agents.
External causes include prolonged contact with the source of infection, as well as neglect of personal hygiene rules. Symptomatology can be very different, in particular, the disease manifests itself in the form of dryness, burning, and inflammation of the mucosa. Mandatory treatment of a fungus is necessary, as it delivers considerable discomfort.
What is the foot fungus, how it arises, what kinds of treatment are there and what types of treatment - it is necessary to know people who are addicted to this disease. Fungal lesions are divided into those that are formed on the skin, as well as nails. The consequence of this disease can be ingrown nail.
Fungi can also be on the skin of the legs, hitting the foot and fingers. The first sign is the presence of severe itching of the foot. Then small scales and cracks of the surface of the skin begin to form, which becomes very dry. Over time, the cracks become deeper, up to the formation of non-healing wounds. Nail plates at the same time change color, acquire a grayish shade and thicken. Later they crumble, become brittle and can grow into the skin.
Deep mycoses are rare, but quite dangerous diseases. They are accompanied by damage to the mucous membranes, internal organs, as well as subcutaneous tissues. Mycosis of the lung tissue occurs mainly in people with poor immunity. The disease is very difficult and often ends with the death of the patient.
If the fungus infects a person with normal immunity, then the disease proceeds asymptomatically, in a chronic form and without complications. Fungal infection occurs against the background of other available lung diseases. In addition, there may be allergic mycosis of the lungs, which occur when inhaling dust contaminated with fungi.
For timely treatment, timely diagnosis is very important, therefore, if there are any problems with the lungs, it is necessary to undergo a survey. Therapy should be systemic, medicamental and conducted in a hospital.
Degrees of nail damage
Treatment of fungus on the legs largely depends on the extent of the lesion, and this factor is taken into account first of all during the diagnosis. According to modern clinical recommendations, several forms of fungal infection are distinguished. The distal shape is characterized by the fact that the end of the nail is infected, as well as its gradual stratification.
The proximal shape indicates a worsening of the immune system. It is often found in people with diabetes, tuberculosis, malignant neoplasms. With this kind of disease, infection begins with that part of the nail that is closer to the metatarsal.
The superficial type of the disease is very rare and can be triggered by various pathogens. It appears as a change in the color of the nail plate, as well as its gradual destruction. After a while, the nail begins to crumble and exfoliate.
Dystrophic total type of disease refers to the most recent stage of nail plate involvement. This type of ailment is characterized by the complete destruction of the nail plate.
If you have the first symptoms of a lesion, you should contact a qualified doctor who will perform the examination and prescribe competent treatment. Remedy for the fungus on the legs or hands should be selected depending on the degree and characteristics of the lesion.
The causes of the fungus
Having decided, I am treating nail fungus and other fungal diseases, it is necessary to determine the origin of their origin from the outset. Given the prevalence of this pathological process, many believe that it is very easy to get infected, but this is not entirely true. To have a fungus, certain conditions for its subsequent development are required. These include:
- a strong decrease in immunity;
- wet shoes and socks;
- excessive vulnerability of skin and nails;
- excessive or insufficient hygiene;
- reception of certain antibacterial drugs.
Knowing the main reasons for the occurrence of such a disease, it is enough just to follow certain rules that will help to prevent the danger of infection. A beneficial environment for the development of fungal diseases is poor quality footwear, in which the feet often preyut and sweat. However, even high-quality footwear, which can be hired, is dangerous for the occurrence of fungal infection.
In addition, the fungus can for a long time be in the shower, bath, pool, if it is not cleaned with special disinfectants. But on the beach to catch a fungus is almost impossible, because hot sand and salt water quickly neutralize it.
Symptoms of fungal diseases
You can cure nail fungus quickly and fairly effectively, however, it is initially important to determine its type by symptomatic manifestations. Keratomycosis is localized on the surface of the scalp and skin. This type of infection is the least dangerous, as it provokes the appearance of diseases, the symptomatology of which does not provoke inflammation of the skin and itching. Often, a similar pathological process is characterized by a change in the color of the skin, the appearance of white spots. In general, such diseases occur in adults. In children, they are formed in the presence of diabetes.
Yeast parasites provoke itching and reddening of the skin. Often pathogenic microorganisms affect the area of the armpits and groin. Symptomatic increases rapidly, expressed in the form of redness of the affected area, so it is important to carry out the treatment in the shortest possible time. When infecting small children, they have white spots on the mucous membranes, in particular in the oral cavity.
Dermatophytosis occurs due to the penetration of dangerous pathogens into the body. Often fungal infection affects the deep layers of the skin and provokes such diseases as:
Among the main symptoms can be identified the presence of inflammatory processes. In the initial stages, the skin is covered with white and red spots that cause itching and strong peeling. With the subsequent course of the disease on the skin integuments, small blisters are formed which eventually burst, and a liquid is released from them. This symptomatology is observed in children and adults, therefore it is important to carry out preventive measures.
Deep mycosis provokes very severe reaction of the body, however they are rare. Such a disease is very difficult to treat, and there may be various complications in the form of a viral disease. The defeat of the skin by fungi occurs quickly enough, but antifungal drugs help very well, but slowly. After the therapy, you must follow certain rules to prevent the occurrence of relapse. Having discovered the symptoms of a fungal disease, you need to urgently consult a dermatologist for diagnosis and therapy.
Methods of treatment
Many patients say: I treat my nail fungus myself. However, this can not be done categorically, as it can severely damage your body. Fungal diseases of the skin and nails can be very different and are provoked by various pathogens. Although the therapy of all types of the disease is reduced to several areas, in any case, the doctor must conduct a comprehensive diagnosis, select the drugs and the features of their use. To carry out therapy, the following tools and techniques are used:
- antifungal agents;
- drying preparations;
- mycotic antibiotics;
- vitamins and immunomodulating agents.
In the presence of fungal lesions of the skin, special antifungal shampoos are used. Affected nails can be removed surgically. In addition, you can use folk remedies and techniques for therapy and prevention.
Surgical method of therapy is used only for severe damage to the nail and implies the complete removal of the nail plate. The entire procedure is performed under local anesthesia and lasts for about 15-20 minutes. It is not required to hospitalize the patient, it is performed on an outpatient basis, after which the patient goes home and continues general therapy.
Curing a fungus on the nails of the feet at home is simple enough, as there are many different antifungal drugs that can quickly eliminate absolutely any symptomatology of mycosis. Surgical intervention is very rare, in particularly difficult cases. However, before using any means at all, you need to have a preliminary examination and consult a doctor.
Depending on the type of fungus, an effective method of its elimination implies the use of appropriate medications. Fungal lesions of the scalp can be treated by applying drugs in a tablet form, and dermatomycosis can be treated with ointments.
Creams against inflammation are good, for example, such as "Nystatin" or "Diflucan".They help to remove stains, swelling and do not damage the skin. It is used ointment from the fungus "Lamisil", as it helps to eliminate the itching and has healing properties. It is necessary to apply this tool in accordance with the instructions several times a day.
In the form of capsules designate "Fluconazole" or liquid for injections "Amphotericin".These antimycotic drugs are prescribed if you need to cure a very severe fungal infection, as well as cope with chronic diseases.
Rapid recovery occurs in the case of the use of antifungal drugs in large quantities for a short period of time, and then a break for a long time. It is worth remembering that all antifungal drugs are very toxic, so they should be taken only strictly according to the doctor's prescription.
Can I cure my own fungus? The people's means are the safest and most effective. However, the most positive result can be obtained with this treatment of mild forms of fungal infection. It is worth remembering that by applying only folk techniques, there is a risk that the disease will not be cured to the end, and relapses will occur.
To cope with the foot fungus at home will help the baths of various medicinal herbs that will help eliminate inflammation, heal the skin and have an anti-inflammatory effect. To treat the skin fungus used ointment, prepared on the basis of butter and chopped garlic. It is applied to the skin, avoiding the mucous membranes, covered with a film and left overnight.
Oregano oil helps to cope well with mycosis of the scalp. It can be added to shampoo when washing your head. Treatment of nail fungus at home is carried out in a complex way, for which various ointments and infusions are used. Before the procedure, you must make a salt bath, then clean the flaking skin, then apply the iodine to the entire affected area and apply an emollient cream.
Nail fungus at home can be eliminated and using blue clay. This agent should be diluted with water to the state of gruel and applied to the affected area. Top with a bandage or bandage.