"Sinekod" from a cough: the form of release, the instruction on application, analogues, responses
Cough is a problem that many people face. Of course, in itself he is not a disease, but this symptom is accompanied by many pathologies. Constant attacks affect the quality of life of a sick person, interfere with work, rest, break sleep. That's why doctors prescribe special drugs, in particular, "Sinekod" from a cough.
Patients encountering the need to take this medication are interested in any additional information. What properties does the medicine have? How correctly to accept "Sinekod"?Analogues are cheaper or not? Does the drug cause complications? How do experts respond?
Information on the composition and form of the
To begin with it is worthwhile to understand the general information about this drug. The preparation is dispensed in the form of a syrup, dragees and drops for oral administration. The active ingredient is the same - butyrate citrate.
You can buy vials with a syrup volume of 100 or 200 ml in the pharmacy. The composition also contains: sodium saccharinate, glycerol, benzoic acid, purified water and vanillin as an aromatic additive.
Drops are placed in bottles of dark glass with a volume of 15 or 20 ml. In 1 ml of drops contains 5 mg of active substance. Adults and adolescents are often prescribed another form of the drug "Sinekod" - tablets, or rather, dragees. The active substance content is 20 or 50 mg / dragee. The composition contains lactose and some other auxiliary components. The tablets are placed in 10 blisters.
How does the drug work on the body?
The main active substance, as already mentioned, is butamyrate. This compound does not belong to the group of opioids, so it does not have a narcotic effect. This component of the drug affects certain areas of the medulla oblongata, namely, those that provide a cough reflex. Thus, the drug quickly relieves a fit of coughing. In this case, the medicine does not affect the respiratory center.
Moreover, the drug causes dilatation( expansion) of the bronchi and reduces the resistance of the respiratory tract. Against the background of taking the medicine there is also an improvement in oxygenation - the blood is saturated with a large amount of oxygen. Thus, the medicine normalizes breathing and prevents the development of hypoxia.
According to the results of the studies, after taking this medication( in any form) it is quickly adsorbed by the walls of the gastrointestinal tract. The active substance quickly and almost completely binds to plasma proteins. The maximum concentration of butamirate is observed about 1-1.5 hours after taking the drug.
In the body, the drug is converted to pharmacologically active metabolites. Hydrolysis of the active substance occurs in the blood. The drug is excreted by the kidneys in its original form or in the form of metabolites. The half-life is six hours. This medicine is not cumulated in the tissues of the body, so pharmacokinetics do not change with repeated admission.
When do doctors recommend taking medication?
Today in medical practice "Sinecode" is often used for coughing. The main indications for the use of the medicine are:
- coughing attacks with whooping cough;
- dry cough, which appears against the background of colds, inflammation and other pathologies of the respiratory system;
- cough smokers;The
- preparation is used to eliminate the cough reflex when performing various medical or diagnostic procedures( for example, during bronchoscopy).
Sinekod preparation( drops for children): instruction and dosage
Of course, many parents are interested in questions about how to take the medicine correctly."Sinekod" for children( used when it comes to the baby of the first two years of life) is released in the form of drops for oral administration.
Of course, such a drug should not be used on its own, especially if it is a child's cough. Only the doctor after the necessary diagnostic measures can prescribe the drug "Sinekod"( drops for children).The instruction contains only general facts and statistics.
Babies at the age of two months to a year are recommended to take 10 drops four times a day. Children older( 1-3 years) take 15 drops 4 times a day. Drops can be used to treat cough in adolescents and adults. Patients older than 3 years take 25 drops four times a day.
Specialists recommend taking the drug every six hours. Sometimes it is not possible to follow such a strict schedule. For example, it is difficult to wake up at night. In such cases, you need to drink drops immediately before going to bed, and then immediately after awakening. Observance of the regime provides the maximum effect.
Take this medication before meals. In doing so, it should be diluted with a small amount of liquid( preferably water, but you can use juice or tea).If after seven days no effect from treatment is observed, it is worthwhile once again to consult with the attending physician.
Sinekod( syrup) medication: instructions for use for adults
Drops, of course, can be used by both children and older patients. Nevertheless, adolescents and patients in the more mature age are usually prescribed a syrup "Sinekod".The instruction for adults is that 15 ml of syrup should be taken, following the same regimen - four times a day. This dosage is suitable for adolescents over 15 years of age.
Children aged 12 to 15 take 15 ml each, but three times a day. If it is a question of treating children 6-12 years, then a single dose is reduced to 10 ml. Children of younger preschool age( 3-6 years) take 5 ml of syrup three times a day.
By the way, if the patient is more than 6 years old, the doctor will most likely prescribe this medicine in the form of a syrup. A convenient measuring cap is attached to the vial, which must be washed thoroughly after each use.
How to take the Sinecode pellet?
Tablets, to be exact, Sinekod, are also often used to eliminate attacks of dry cough. Of course, the reception mode in this case looks different. Children aged 6 to 12 years take one tablet twice a day. Patients, whose age is 12-15, it is recommended to take one tablet three times a day. For adults and adolescents older than 15 years, the dose is 2 pills, and take the drug 2-3 times a day.
In order to ensure maximum effectiveness, it is important to use the medicine at the same time. In this case, the intervals between receptions should be equal. For example, if a patient takes the pill twice a day, then it should be done every 12 hours. In the event that you need a three-time reception, then the time intervals should be equal to eight hours.
Contraindications to the use of the medicine
Is it appropriate to take the Sinekod medicinal product in all cases? Instruction for use for children and adults contains information and some contraindications. Their list includes:
- increased( allergic) susceptibility to any of the substances present in the formulation;
- pulmonary hemorrhage of any etiology;
- because the drug contains sorbitol, it is not prescribed to people with intolerance to fructose;
- to relative contraindications include pregnancy and lactation( more details on this below);
- drops are not prescribed to newborns younger than two months;
- Syrup is contraindicated in children under 3 years of age;
- Pills should not be taken to a child younger than 6 years of age.
Preparation "Sinekod" and pregnancy
This remedy is not prescribed in the first three months of pregnancy, since therapy can adversely affect the development of the fetus. But in the second and third trimester the drug is sometimes used, but very carefully. Naturally, the decision on the conduct of therapy is made by the attending physician.
As for the lactation period, there is currently no information on whether the active components of the "Sinekod" preparation are excreted in breast milk. Nevertheless, if there is a need for treatment, mothers are advised to stop breastfeeding for a while.
Is overdose possible?
What happens if you take too much Sinecode( syrup for children)?The instruction contains information that an overdose is possible. On the other hand, according to the results of statistical studies, cases similar in modern medical practice are very rarely recorded.
Taking too much of the active substance of this drug is accompanied by drowsiness and nausea, which often results in vomiting. Other symptoms include diarrhea, severe dizziness( sometimes up to syncope), a significant decrease in blood pressure.
A child or an adult who has experienced similar disorders should be rushed to the hospital. Here, the stomach is washed. The patient is also assigned sorbents, which are able to quickly bind and remove the remnants of the drug from the body. As necessary, additional symptomatic therapy is prescribed( for example, medications that normalize blood pressure may be prescribed).There is no specific antidote.
Complications and possible side reactions against the background of
The Sinekod drug from dry cough really helps, and the therapy is extremely rarely associated with any complications. On the other hand, the probability of occurrence of adverse reactions is not excluded. Drug use can lead to the appearance of the following disorders:
- sometimes in patients develop allergic reactions, which are accompanied by the appearance of rashes and redness on the skin, hives, swelling;
- there may be various digestive disorders, in particular, nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea;
- , some people complain of frequent headaches, constant fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness, increased fatigue.
The presence of any of the above-mentioned impairments is an occasion to contact your doctor as soon as possible. It is possible that adverse reactions can be avoided, just by adjusting the dose of the drug. On the other hand, it is sometimes necessary to completely abolish it( in such cases the specialist will choose a safer and more effective substitute).
How much is the drug?
Now you know how the "Sinekod" drug affects the body. Price is another important factor that many patients pay attention to. Of course, the cost will depend on many factors.
So how much is Sinecode syrup? The price of a 100 ml bottle is about 250-300 rubles.200 ml of the same drug will cost 400 rubles. If we are talking about drops, then the bottle( its volume is 20 ml) costs approximately 390-430 rubles.
Analogues of medicine
The drug "Sinekod" from cough really helps. Nevertheless, not all patients are suitable for this drug. What to do in such cases? How to replace "Sinekod"?Analogues cheaper, of course, exist, and the choice is quite large. For example, the packaging of the medicine "Bronhitusen Vramed" will cost about 60 rubles. To the list of effective substitutes also include "Broncholine sage", "Bronchoton", "Broncholithine".The cost of any of these drugs does not exceed 70 rubles.
Of course, there are more expensive analogues of the "Sinekod" medication. Tablets "Bithiodine", "Libexin", "Estozin", "Glaucin", "Rengalin" also copes well with attacks of dry cough.
By the way, there are also given medicines and synonyms that contain the same active substances. Effective are "Kodelak Neo", "Omnitus" and "Panathus".By the way, these medicines are produced in the form of tablets, and in the form of syrup.
Reviews of doctors and patients
The drug "Sinekod" from cough is used very often. Specialists respond well to this medicine, because it does give results. The patients themselves say that the attacks worsen after the first few days of therapy. On the other hand, do not forget that coughing is a symptom. You need to treat primarily the underlying disease, which is the cause of the appearance of dry cough. Patients need complex therapy.
Small patients are also often prescribed the drug "Sinekod".Instructions for use for children is quite simple. Syrup and drops have a fairly pleasant taste and smell, so give the drug to the child is not difficult. Side effects are recorded very rarely, and there are not too many contraindications to the drug.
To drawbacks can be attributed only slightly inflated price. There are analogues of the drug( even drugs with the same active active substance), which are cheaper. On the other hand, "Sinekod" is considered more safe and effective, and health, as you know, is worth any money.