"Pentalgin" and alcohol-compatibility
Many patients taking analgesics are interested in the question: is it possible to use the drug "Pentalgin" and alcohol together. Usually, during treatment with pain medication, doctors recommend refraining from alcohol. What consequences can come if you allow yourself a little to drink after taking analgesic tablets? And how dangerous is this? To answer these questions, you need to understand the composition, pharmacological action and side effects of "Pentalgin."
What is "Pentalgin"
"Pentalgin" is an analgesic preparation( analgesic), which consists of the following components:
A drug with this composition is dispensed without a prescription. However, there are also prescription varieties of this medicine( "Pentalgin Plus", "Pentalgin N").They contain codeine, metamizole, and also sedative components.
Each of these substances can react with ethyl alcohol. Therefore, the joint use of "Pentalgin" and alcohol does not pass without a trace for the body. Some prescription types of the drug include phenobarbital - a powerful sedative and hypnotics from the barbiturate group. Its content in the composition of tablets "Pentalginum" is small. But even in such small doses, phenobarbital is able to interact with alcohol. And the consequences of such a combination can be extremely negative. Other components of the drug are also potent and interact with alcohol.
"Pentalgin" is able not only to relieve pain. It eliminates spasms, reduces body temperature, reduces inflammation and calms the nervous system. Thanks to this wide range of action, tablets "Pentalgin" are effective for various diseases accompanied by pain syndrome, inflammation and fever.
Indications and contraindications to the prescription of tablets
"Pentalgin" is taken with severe head, joint, neuralgic and toothache. This tool can quickly eliminate discomfort. The medicine helps to relieve inflammation and reduce body temperature in colds. The medication acts as an antispasmodic. Therefore, it is used for painful muscle cramps, as well as for attacks of renal and hepatic colic.
However, this drug can be used to relieve pain not always. Like any other medicine, "Pentalgin" has contraindications. It is not prescribed for stomach diseases( ulcers and gastritis), propensity to tachycardia, bronchial asthma, vascular pathologies, hypertension, severe ailments of the liver and kidneys. This medication is not used in pediatric practice, it is intended only for the treatment of adult patients of 18 years of age. Do not take the drug and with allergies to any of its active ingredients.
The instructions for the use of tablets also indicate that one of the contraindications to the use of the drug is a state of intoxication. This indicates the poor compatibility of "Pentalgin" and alcohol.
Adverse effects of "Pentalgin"
The composition of "Pentalgin" includes potent substances, because the drug is used to quickly and effectively eliminate the pain syndrome. In some patients this can trigger the development of the following undesirable symptoms:
- lethargy and drowsiness;
- skin allergies;
- heart palpitations, increased blood pressure;
- stomach pain, dyspeptic phenomena;
- ringing and noise in the ears;
- hearing and vision impairment;
- anxiety, increased nervousness.
It should be remembered that all side effects significantly increase after drinking. Therefore, doctors categorically do not recommend the joint intake of "Pentalgina" and alcohol.
How the drug interacts with ethyl alcohol
"Pentalgin" is a combined preparation consisting of several medicinal substances. How do the components of these analgesics interact with alcohol? Can "Pentalgin" with alcohol be consumed together if the medicine does not contain codeine and phenobarbital?
Even the safest option of this drug( OTC) can harm the body when combined with alcohol. Anesthetic and antipyretic effect of the drug is achieved due to the presence of paracetamol and naproxen in its composition. Alcohol significantly increases the toxic effects of these substances on the liver and stomach. As a result, the organs are subjected to a double stroke: from the side of the medicine, and from the side of alcohol.
"Pentalgin" contains caffeine. This substance has an effect on the body, directly opposite the effect of alcohol. Caffeine narrows the blood vessels and increases blood pressure, and ethyl alcohol causes a drop in blood pressure. Thus, the therapeutic effect of the drug is leveled.
Tablets contain spasmolytic drotaverine. Alcohol enhances the negative effect of this component on the digestive system. Regular joint intake of alcohol and "Pentalgin" can trigger the occurrence of a stomach ulcer.
The drug includes phenyramin - an antihistamine that relieves the symptoms of colds. Ethyl alcohol dramatically increases the toxic effect of this substance on the central nervous system.
Even more dangerous is the joint intake with alcohol of prescription drugs "Pentalgin Plus" and "Pentalgin N".They include potent components: phenobarbital and codeine. Ethanol potentiates the effect of these substances, which leads to a sharp inhibition of the central nervous system.
Consequences of combining analgesic and alcohol
Joint use of the drug with alcohol can lead to negative consequences. The therapeutic effect of tablets is sharply reduced, as a result, the drug weakly reduces pain. Side effects increase, the patient has a strong palpitation, dyspepsia, lethargy, drowsiness. Due to the high load on the liver, serious damage to this organ develops. Perhaps severe poisoning, requiring urgent hospitalization.
If alcohol is used with preparations containing codeine and phenobarbital( "Pentalgin H" and "Pentalgin Plus"), then the central nervous system suffers. In this case, a violation of consciousness, up to coma, hallucinations and delusions.
What to do if the patient drank alcohol with
tablets If the patient has drunk alcohol while taking pentalgine tablets, first aid should be given to him. This must be done even in the absence of negative symptoms, to prevent poisoning. The patient should rinse the stomach with a weak solution of soda and take the enterosorbent. This will help to cleanse the body and somewhat reduce the harm from joint intake of analgesic with alcohol.
If a patient has severe weakness, drowsiness, pain in the liver or stomach, loss of consciousness or mental disorder, you should immediately seek medical help. In severe cases, the patient will need to undergo treatment in the hospital.
After what period of time you can drink alcohol
Doctors talk about the inadmissibility of simultaneous intake of "Pentalgin" and alcohol. Through how much you can drink after the last pill? It is necessary to wait for such a period of time during which the active components of the drug will be completely removed from the body.
"Pentalgin" is displayed rather slowly. To drink alcohol without harmful health effects, should pass from 3 to 30 days after taking the last pill. The exact time of abstinence from alcohol depends on the dosage and duration of the medication.
Acceptable interval between drinking and taking medication
Can "Pentalgin" be taken immediately after alcohol? In no case should this be done. Ethanol will interact with the components of the medicine, which will lead to negative consequences. However, it happens that a person has a headache or a toothache, which must be removed immediately, and after taking alcohol, there was little time left.
"Pentalgin" after alcohol can be taken only when ethanol is completely removed from the body. This period is individual and depends on the amount of alcohol, weight and sex of the patient. If alcohol was used in small doses, then the period of its withdrawal for a man of average weight is 8 hours, and for a woman - 14 hours. After this time, you can take an anesthetic. If alcohol was consumed in large quantities, then it is necessary to wait a longer period( up to 24 hours).