Cervical cancer: symptoms, causes, treatment
Among the many types of cancer, cervical cancer takes the leading place, the symptoms of which should be known to every girl. Since it is known that the earlier the treatment of any disease begins, the more successful it will be, it is very important to diagnose the abnormalities as early as possible. Even better, if you can establish background or precancerous processes that arise in the body of a woman. These are usually referred to as erosion, epithelial dysplasia, leukoplakia, and some other disorders. With their timely diagnosis, it is usually possible to prevent oncology. Cervical cancer, the causes or prerequisites of which are established in a timely manner, is subject to complete cure.
The question of how cervical cancer manifests itself must worry every woman. For the prevention of this terrible disease it is recommended that every girl who has reached puberty, at least once in six months visit a gynecologist, undergo medical examinations, take tests, conduct an independent examination of her body, carefully monitor all the abnormalities that arise in the body.
Cervical cancer. Symptoms of the disease:
- Sometimes, scarce bleeding is possible, especially after intimate affinity;
- Appearance of blood in the urine;
- Bleeding after the onset of menopause;
- Prolonged and very painful menstruation;
- Painful sensations during intimacy;
- Faint pain in the lower abdomen, extremities or lower back;
- At a certain stage, a sharp weight loss occurs;
- Fast fatigue.
A physician can determine the presence of mutated cells in a smear, then he will prescribe an ultrasound scan, a tomogram, a colposcopy and a biopsy. It is these studies that will allow us not only to establish correctly whether or not there is a prerequisite for oncology, but also to point out to the experts the correct methods of treatment. Their choice also depends on the type of cancer. It is known that only ten percent of women suffer from adenocarcinoma, and the other cancer patients diagnosed with squamous cell cancer.
Cervical cancer, the symptoms of which are listed above, arise against a background of various abnormalities or diseases that the patient suffers. They can be completely different.
Cervical cancer: causes of the disease
- Herpes virus.95% of the inhabitants of the Earth are infected with it. Despite the fact that first of all herpes is manifested on the face( it is often called "cold on the lips"), untimely treatment, it can develop into genital herpes and on to oncological lesions of internal organs.
- Human papillomavirus. They are known for more than a hundred, but not all lead to oncology. Determine the strain of the virus and, therefore, its danger can only be done by careful examination. Infection occurs only with human-to-human contact. If the virus is not found on time, it can provoke the development of dysplasia, which, in its essence, is a precancerous condition. Injuries to the cervix.
- Sexual life started in early adolescence. Cervical cancer( the symptoms of which are easy to miss if you do not undergo examinations with a specialist) in this case comes from traumatizing the unripe genitals.
- Random sex life.
- Multiple abortions.
- Venereal diseases.
- Hormonal disorders in the background of aging. It has been established that in most cases, women fall ill with cancer after forty years. After sixty the peak of the disease is reduced.
- Incorrect way of life, excessive or, conversely, insufficient weight.
- Genetic predisposition. However, this reason is controversial, not all experts agree with it.
- Depression, nervous breakdowns, psychosomatic diseases( also a very controversial reason that not all oncologists recognize).
Medical statistics found that 40% of women diagnosed with "cervical cancer", the symptoms of the manifested illness were ignored, so they applied for help at the 3-4 stage of the disease, when the treatment is as difficult or impossible.
With timely access to a doctor, cervical cancer can be cured.
Today, several methods of treatment are used: surgical, combined radiation and combined. The latter implies the joint use of surgical methods and chemotherapy or radiation and chemical therapy. The choice of method of treatment depends on the patient's condition, the features of the disease, the stage of its neglect.
Usually at the preinvasive stage, especially in women under the age of 50, only conical removal of the cervix is used. With this low-traumatic method, the possibility of becoming pregnant and bearing a child is completely preserved. In the case of recurrent disease or in older women, the uterus and appendages are removed completely.
Every girl should remember that the more often she visits a doctor, the less likely to get a terrible diagnosis. In the case of a disease, early diagnosis is a guarantee of a successful cure.