The drug "Citicoline": instructions for use, composition, description, reviews
Citicoline refers to nootropic drugs. It is used to treat disorders of brain activity: various injuries, strokes, complications. This drug can restore impaired attention and memory, and it also improves the function of neuronal membranes, thereby helping to reduce brain edema.
Pharmacological activity of "Citicoline"
The active substance in this preparation is citicoline. In addition to it, the composition of the drug includes auxiliary components: citric acid, sorbitol, distilled water, saccharin and sodium.
"Citicoline", the instruction for use of which asserts that there is almost complete absorption of such a drug in the walls of the digestive tract, is excreted from the body with feces for several days after ingestion. The conducted researches showed that after 5 days after the beginning of the use of this medication only 16% of the received doses are detected. Consequently, the remaining percentage of this drug is involved in natural metabolic processes.
The instruction attached to the Citicoline preparation states that it acts on the body as follows:
- Reduces brain swelling.
- Stimulates biosynthesis and other biochemical processes that are associated with phospholipids of neuronal membranes. Such influence favorably affects their work and the functioning of receptors of the corresponding type.
- Relieves pronounced signs of cerebral dysfunction, which occurs against the backdrop of pathological processes, for example, suffered craniocerebral trauma.
- Reduces the duration of post-traumatic coma.
- Eliminates the main memory loss symptoms that occur after severe head injuries.
- Improves the overall well-being of the patient and removes signs of impairment associated with motor activity, thinking process or sensitivity.
In addition, such a drug helps to reduce the main symptoms that occur with a deterioration of blood supply and oxygen starvation of the brain. It also returns the possibilities of performing actions to the patient, aimed at performing self-service. The drug raises the level of emotional stability and creates conditions that prevent the formation of free radicals.
Who is shown the use of this medication?
The drug Citicoline, an instruction, the price and action of which is discussed in this article, is sold strictly by prescription. They take this medication to treat blood circulation problems caused by traumas of the brain or spinal cord.
Another similar medication is prescribed for severe brain injuries and complications after the injuries suffered. The drug is used if the patient is in a coma. It perfectly removes the swelling of the brain. The drug "Citicoline" helps to improve memory after the trauma.
When taking the drug tablet form, you must adhere to some rules. For example, you can not eat Citoclin on an empty stomach. Instructions for him are in the package, which must be studied before proceeding to treatment. Tablets should be taken directly during meals or between snacks.
Dosage is selected by a doctor, everything depends on the severity of the patient's condition. It must be divided so that at least 2-3 drug doses are performed per day. The duration of the course is also assigned by a specialist, based on the person's state of health and the degree of brain damage. As a rule, the duration of therapy is more than 45 days.
Forms of the preparation
The medicine "Citicoline", instruction, analogues and indications to which should be studied, is sold in the form of tablets, liquid solution for intramuscular, intravenous and oral administration.
Daily dose of
"Citicoline", as already known, is administered intramuscularly or intravenously, and is also ingested. With intravenous drip infusion set 40-60 drops per minute, and with the injection, the drug is administered slowly for about 3 minutes. This way of administering the drug is preferable to injecting into the muscle. Performing an intramuscular injection, they always try to introduce "Citicoline" in different places.
In case of an exacerbation of a craniocerebral trauma or acute disturbance of cerebral circulation, 1000 mg of the drug is administered every 12 hours. This treatment lasts at least 1.5 months.
During the recovery from ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, damage to the skull bones, cognitive and behavioral disorders in degenerative as well as vascular pathologies of the brain, 500-2000 mg of the drug are prescribed per day. The exact dosage and duration of treatment depend on the severity of the disease.
The drug Citicoline( instructions for use, price, reviews we have studied) is compatible with many types of intravenous solutions of dextrose and even isotonic. If the patient has a persistent intracranial hemorrhage, then it is not worthwhile to administer drugs more than 1000 mg per day. People in old age do not need to adjust the dose in the appointment of such a drug.
It is necessary to use citicoline cautiously when carrying out potentially dangerous activities that require quick reaction and increased concentration of attention: work with equipment, dispatcher, operator, driving and so on.
Contraindications to the use of
If the doctor has prescribed a medicine called Citicolin, the instruction for which is in each pack, it is necessary to find out all the negative consequences after using it. After all, this drug has many side effects and contraindications, so they should preferably be treated under the supervision of doctors and in the hospital. A specialist should track the occurrence or absence of complications.
The main contraindications for taking this medication are:
- Allergy to a medicine.
- Intolerance of any substance in the "Citicoline".
- Age is less than 18 years.
Use of medicament during lactation and during pregnancy
The drug Citicoline, the instruction to which does not recommend its use when bearing a child, is a prescription medication. To this drug is not recommended to resort during pregnancy, since there is insufficient information on its use during this period.
Studies conducted on animals have not detected a negative effect of the drug on the body."Citicoline" is prescribed if the intended benefit for a woman is higher than the possible risk to the child. During treatment with such a medicine, it is necessary to refuse from breastfeeding the baby, since there is no evidence as to whether the active ingredient with milk is excreted.
Side effects of the drug
The drug Citicoline, instructions for use, analogues and the price of which we are considering, can have a harmful effect on the body. After it is received, there may be:
- Numbness in the paralyzed limbs.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Nausea and loss of appetite.
In addition to these side effects, taking Citicoline can lead to the development of an allergic reaction. In this case, a person has rashes on the skin and itching.
Sometimes this medicine activates the parasympathetic nervous system and has a short hypotensive effect. The drug "Citicoline"( instructions for use, price and reviews are of interest to every patient with impaired brain activity) has a low toxicity, which excludes overdose. If it was stored in a cool place, then before use, it should be slightly heated until the crystals that have formed have disappeared.
"Citicoline": instructions for use, price
Buy this medicine can be in almost any pharmacy, but if there is a prescription from the doctor. It costs a drug not cheap, more than two thousand rubles, so many prefer analogues. For example, a solution of "Ceraxon" with the active ingredient citicoline for oral administration in bags will cost about 1500 rubles.
"Citicoline": instructions for use, price, reviews, analogues
If there are contraindications to the use of the medicine, the doctor will most likely prescribe another drug with similar effect. There are many analogues of this medication, the main ones of which are Noben, Fezam and Memotropil. Even often, this drug is replaced with "Encephalbol", which improves the overall efficiency of the brain and blood circulation in it.
"Citicoline" drug, instructions for use, price, testimonials, analogues and indications of which we are considering today, helps most people recover. The opinions of patients who were treated with this drug are almost always positive. They note the pleasant taste of the medicine, the improvement of well-being, the restoration of memory and sleep. The only drawback is that many people consider not side effects, but too high a drug cost."Citicoline" in ampoules costs 2500 rubles. In this case, the package is only enough for 5 days, if the maximum dosage is prescribed. It is for this reason that the tool is often replaced by analogs.