Testosterone: where is produced, what is needed, the indicators of the norm
What is testosterone? It is well known that he is a sex hormone. Where is testosterone produced in men? This biologically active substance is synthesized in the testes by specific Leydig cells. By the way, there is another organ that produces testosterone.
The hormone is produced by androstenedione, which in turn is produced in the adrenal cortex. Typically, a healthy male testosterone is normally 10-40 nmol / l. You should know that this hormone is contained not only in the male, but also in the female body.
Hormone production in women
Where is testosterone produced in women? In the female body, it is produced by the adrenal glands and oocytes. Its level is considered the norm if it does not exceed 0.31-3.78 nmol / l.
Testosterone: where is it produced and what is its function in the body?
For a man, this hormone is one of the most important. Testosterone is responsible for the appearance on the human body of secondary male sexual characteristics. These include:
- Vegetation on the body and face.
- Low voice.
- Characteristics and behavior.
Testosterone is an anabolic. Therefore, it is used for medical purposes for the treatment of certain diseases. It also increases the ability to achieve the right sports performance. But testosterone is considered doping for professional athletes, its use in this case is prohibited, and it is dangerous.
This hormone is indispensable for male physical development. Where testosterone is produced in the body, it was said above. During the period of sexual maturation, this biologically active substance begins to be produced in larger quantities. As mentioned above, due to testosterone, secondary sexual characteristics develop in the male body.
It is also needed to provide sexual functions. The bulk of testosterone is produced by the testicles. Insufficient amount of male hormone in the body reduces the functional capacity of sperm, which leads to infertility.
We found out where the hormone testosterone is produced. And what properties does it have? Testosterone in the body stimulates the synthesis of protein molecules, which, in turn, contributes to the formation and growth of muscle mass. In this regard, the male musculature looks more developed than the female. The higher the level of such a hormone in the body of a guy, the more pronounced sexual activity and sexual desire.
And where is testosterone produced in the body of a man? As already mentioned, it is secreted from cholesterol by Leydig cells. If you compare the level of this hormone in the male and female organisms, then the representatives of the stronger sex, it is 13 times higher.
Chubby also depends on testosterone. This is why older men often face erectile dysfunction. The older the body, the lower the level of secreted hormone. The peak sexuality of men falls on the age of twenty.
Effect of testosterone on the body of a woman
We have already found out what testosterone is, where it is produced. Now let's talk about his influence. You should know that, despite the small amount of the hormone, it plays an important role in the female body.
For example, often girls who have a deficiency of this substance, suffer from excess weight. The fact is that testosterone in the body provides fat burning. Its lack leads to the accumulation of fat deposits under the skin and, accordingly, changes in the figure.
Ladies should be prepared for the fact that during the menopause, the level of the male hormone in their body will begin to drop. Therefore, women who undergo this stage of the development of the body need to monitor their weight.
Also girls should know that the higher in their body testosterone level, the stronger will be their attraction to representatives of the opposite sex. Deficiency of this hormone, on the contrary, can lead to a decrease in sexual desire.
The lack of testosterone affects the emotional background. A sharp decrease in its level often leads to neuroses and depression.
Also biologically active substance affects the condition of the skin of a woman and overall health in general. Against the backdrop of a deficiency of the hormone, the dermal tissues become dry. Girls often complain about a burning sensation and tightness. Skin, devoid of moisture, is more prone to the process of wrinkle formation.
It's no secret that the fair sex periodically encounter changes in the hormonal background that are associated with the menstrual cycle. Of course, fluctuations in the level of certain substances affect the well-being, mood and behavior of girls. Sometimes, to eliminate such symptoms, doctors recommend taking special medications.
Is it possible to raise the level of testosterone in the human body and how to do it?
To begin with, it is necessary to determine the factors that influence the production of this hormone in the body. In men, testosterone levels fluctuate, it is not constant. The amount of this substance is affected by many factors, for example, the time of day. In the morning, testosterone levels in the stronger sex are at a high level, but in the evening it falls.
In order for testosterone to be produced in the right amount, a man needs to maintain physical activity. For example, playing sports in the gym, regular jogging, walking or swimming will have a positive effect on the work of the whole organism, including the endocrine glands.
Of course, when choosing exercises, you should take into account the physical characteristics of each organism. Do not be too zealous with the exercises and overload the muscles. Tired, exhausted body is not able to produce sex hormones in sufficient quantities.
The highest level of testosterone is observed in men aged 20 to 25 years. Then there is a slow decrease in the intensity of its production in the body. You should know that a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition have a positive effect on men's health, including the processes of synthesis of testosterone.
Do not be lazy - you need to keep yourself in good physical shape and monitor your diet. Of course, sometimes it's difficult to start doing something( for example, running in the morning or going to the pool), but if you enter it into a habit, then in due course these actions will be performed automatically, without additional efforts on yourself. In addition, a man should always remember that such a lifestyle will contribute to the development of testosterone, which, in turn, leads to increased sexual activity and improvement of the figure. A healthy hormonal background is the guarantee of the normal functioning of the entire body.
. What negatively affects the production of testosterone in boys?
In case the lifestyle of a male representative is associated with the use of alcohol or other harmful substances, the amount of the hormone may decrease to a minimum. Negative on the development of biologically active substances affects smoking.
Testosterone levels are also affected by various pathologies that may be present in the male body.
For example, cancers affect the amount of the hormone in the blood. Disorders of the endocrine glands, in particular the hypothalamic-pituitary system, are also considered risk factors. Negative on the hormonal background and permanent stress.
Contact your doctor!
If testosterone is lowered in the body( where this substance is produced, you already know), it will be better to go to a doctor and get a professional consultation. In order to normalize the level of the hormone, you need to determine the cause of its fall.
Only after diagnosis the doctor will prescribe the necessary therapy and make an effective treatment regimen. In addition to the lack of a male hormone, there may be an overabundance. Both of these cases are considered abnormalities and require treatment.
How do I know if my testosterone level is low?
The surest way is a laboratory blood test. Nevertheless, there are a number of indicators that can be used to determine that testosterone levels are lower than necessary.
- The person has a lower level of vital energy.
- Lack of strength, weakness in muscles.
- Virtually no sex drive, there are problems with erection.
- Muscle mass leaves, and bone density decreases.
- Subcutaneous fat begins to accumulate.
- Blood pressure may rise.
For those people who are fond of sports, especially bodybuilding, the level of testosterone is important, as it affects the growth of muscles. On the other hand, do not use dope. The fact is that the regular use of synthetic biologically active substances leads to atrophy of functional tissues, which are responsible for the production of testosterone. The body ceases to synthesize its own sex hormones, which leads to a mass of dangerous problems.
Natural way to
How to increase testosterone in a natural way? One of the main methods is proper training. There are a number of recommendations that, if done, you can achieve the maximum result and raise the level of this hormone to the norm.
What are the ways to increase testosterone?
- It is worth paying attention to the multi-joint type of exercise.
- Each approach must be repeated at least 4 times.
- Repetition in one exercise should be from 6 to 12.
- Relax after physical exertion.
- Training should last about an hour.
- It is recommended to rest between approaches.
- Exercises should be performed in an average rhythm. Do not hurry or, conversely, do them very slowly.
In addition to the training process, special attention should be paid to nutrition.
If a person loads himself physically in a hall, then the food should be appropriate. The number of calories consumed must be sufficient to ensure the energy needs of the body. That is, a person must be full of strength in order to cope with physical stress. But do not overdo it, because you can get the opposite effect. It is necessary to keep the body in good shape.
It is recommended to eat meat( lean beef, chicken breast).There is a statistic that in people who do not eat it, the level of the male hormone is lower. Of course, the dishes better cook for a couple or bake in the oven. Do not abuse fried foods and too fatty varieties of meat. The diet should include vegetables, greens, fruits.
A small conclusion
Now you know what testosterone is, where this hormone is produced. We also gave advice on how to improve it. We hope that the information in this article was helpful to you. Do not forget that you need to carefully monitor your health and not miss planned medical examinations.