"Diar" medicine: instructions for use, analogues, reviews
With such a delicate problem as diarrhea, every person came across. The cause of its occurrence can be different. However, not always they are detected after the first visit to a doctor. Therefore, to eliminate this condition, experts recommend taking the drug "Diar".
Instructions for use, consumer feedback on the effectiveness of this drug, we will introduce a little lower. Also in this article you will find information on what can be substituted for the drug in question, in what form it is produced, etc.
Form, description, packaging and composition
In what form can I purchase a "Diar" medication? Analogues of this medication are found in different forms. However, the drug we are considering is sold only in the form of chewable tablets of white color or with a yellowish tinge. They have a flat-cylindrical shape, risk, light marble and anise flavor.
The active ingredient of this drug is a substance such as loperamide hydrochloride. Also in the chewable tablets are the following auxiliary elements: colloidal silicon dioxide( or so-called aerosil), polymethylsiloxane, microcrystalline cellulose, potato starch, lactose, povidone( or callidone 90), aspartame, kollidone SR, xylitol, menthol, lactitol, anise oiland magnesium stearate.
The antidiarrhoeal drug is packaged in contour cells and packs of cardboard, respectively.
Features of the drug
What is remarkable about the drug "Diar"?Instructions for use say that this is a symptomatic antidiarrhoea. Its active substance binds to opioid receptors, which are located on the walls of the intestine. Thus, the adrenergic and cholinergic neurons are modulated through guanine nucleotides.
Also, loperamide hydrochloride reduces motility and tone of smooth bowel musculature. This process is carried out by inhibiting the release of prostaglandins and acetylcholine. In addition, the reception of "Diarrhea" helps slow down the intestinal motility and increases the time of passage of its contents.
This drug increases the tone of the anal sphincter, keeps the stools and reduces the urge to defecate. Its action comes very quickly and lasts for 4-5 hours( sometimes longer).
Kinetic properties of the antidiarrhoeal drug
Is the "Diara" medication( tablets) metabolized? The instruction says that the metabolism of loperamide hydrochloride is completely carried out in the liver by means of conjugation.
The half-life of this medication is 9-15 hours. The drug is excreted mainly with bile, and also together with urine in the form of metabolites( conjugated).
Indications for the reception of chewable tablets
Do you know about the purpose of the prescribed medication "Diar"?The use of this drug is shown when:
- changes in diet, as well as the qualitative composition of food;
- malabsorption of food and metabolism;
- chronic and acute diarrhea of various origins( including allergic, emotional, drug and radiation);
- regulation of stool in people with ileostomy.
Among other things, such tablets are often used as an auxiliary drug for diarrhea, which is of infectious origin.
Contraindications to the taking of tablets
What are the contraindications for the "Diar" medication? Instructions for use asserts that there are quite a few prohibitions for this medicine. These include the following diseases and conditions:
- intestinal obstruction;
- diarrhea, which is observed against a background of pseudomembranous enterocolitis of an acute nature;
- first trimester of pregnancy;
- ulcerative colitis, especially in the phase of exacerbation;
- monotherapy of dysentery, as well as other infectious diseases of the digestive tract;
- increased sensitivity of the patient to the ingredients of the drug;
- age is up to six years.
Also it should be said that a carefully considered medication is recommended for taking with hepatic insufficiency.
Diary tablets: Instructions for use
This medication should be taken orally. The tablet is thoroughly chewed, and then washed down with plain water.
The dosage of this medication for adults and young children varies considerably.
- Adult patients with chronic or acute diarrhea should take the pill in an initial dose of 4 mg( that is, 2 pieces).After that, the drug is prescribed 2 mg( 1 tablet), which is taken after each act of defecation( in the presence of a liquid stool).The daily allowable dosage is 16 mg or 8 tablets.
- Babies who reached the age of 6, with acute diarrhea, the drug is recommended to take in an initial dose of 2 mg or 1 tablet. Then the medicine is given to the child in the same amount, but after each defecation( in the presence of a liquid stool).Admissible daily dosage for children from six years is 6 mg or three tablets.
After normalization of the stool or its absence for more than 11 hours, treatment with "Diar" should be stopped.
Side effects of
Can "Diar" medication cause unwanted reactions? Patients' reports indicate that side effects occur quite often when chewing tablets are taken.
On the part of the digestive system develops gastralgia, intestinal colic, dry mouth, vomiting, intestinal obstruction, nausea and constipation.
From the nervous system, a person may experience dizziness and drowsiness.
It should also be noted that against the background of taking anti-diarrhea tablets, some people experience allergic reactions in the form of skin rashes.
Symptoms of an overdose of
Only a doctor can prescribe the correct intake of the drug "Diar".Instruction for use informs that if the dosages of this drug are not observed, the following undesirable symptoms may appear in the patient: drowsiness, CNS depression, stupor, miosis, impaired coordination of movements, muscle hypertension, intestinal obstruction and respiratory depression.
The antidote "Naloxone" is used to treat such conditions. In view of the fact that the duration of action of the active substance of "Diarrhea" is greater than that of "Naloxone", its repeated administration may be required.
With regard to symptomatic therapy, the patient is given activated charcoal and washed the stomach to perform it.
Under medical supervision, the victim must stay for two days.
If the effect of taking the drug is not present, then it should be discarded. You also need to see a doctor for another medication.
Analogues and cost
If necessary, the drug "Diar" can be replaced with medicines such as "Loperamide", "Stoperan", "Enterofuril", "Lediumum", "Entoban" and others.
You can buy antidiarrhoeic remedy at a very reasonable price( about 55-65 rubles).
Feedback from consumers
Along with Loperamide, the drug "Diar" is very popular among those people who regularly suffer from a loose stool. According to their reports, this medication effectively cope with the task.
After several receptions of chewing tablets, the act of defecation noticeably slips, and the stool becomes thicker.
The only drawback of this medication patients believe is the presence of a large number of contraindications.