Motorik - what's this? Exercises for the development of motor skills
Fine motor skills are skills that involve performing skeletal, muscular and neurological functions. Unlike large motor skills, which include running and jumping, it deals with more precise, concentration-requiring movements. As a rule, such skills develop more slowly.
We develop motor skills
Children who have problems with fine motor skills have weakly developed arm and wrist muscles. There are many types of game activity that provide opportunities for the development of fine motor skills. Building towers from cubes, molding dough or plasticine, stringing beads, solving all sorts of puzzles appropriate to age - all these and many other activities require a certain amount of accuracy and help to acquire the necessary skills.
Large and fine motor skills
What is fine motor skills? It is the use of the muscles of the hands, fingers and wrists. Children use these skills when writing, holding small items, fastening clothes, turning pages, eating, cutting with scissors, working on the keyboard. Mastering all this requires accuracy and coordination. According to experts, sleight of hand is directly related to cognitive development. It is through the arms that the child demonstrates the connection between thought and action.
Playing with the
test Games with the dough are considered to be one of the most favorite activities for decades. This is not only interesting, but also useful. With the help of modeling, some important skills develop. If you compress and stretch the dough, then the muscles of the fingers are strengthened, and the sensations of touch are a valuable sensory experience. Of course, baking from a real test is another great way to play and learn at the same time!
Drawing with fingers
Drawing with the help of hands and fingers is not only amusing and unusual, but also this motivation improves visually-motor coordination and sleight-of-hand in the child. All that is needed for this: an easel or a thick piece of paper, finger paints and space.
As a rule, children simply love water. Using their interest in everything new and unusual, one can make the development of motor skills both pleasant and useful. You can take two separate bowls, one is filled with water, and the other is empty. Give the child a sponge and help dip it into the water. Then together squeeze the moisture from the sponge into another bowl. This simple game helps to strengthen the hands and forearms. The process can be made even more exciting by adding bubbles or food coloring to the bowl.
Necklace from macaroni
Stringing of all kinds of beads is an excellent way for development of creative abilities of the child, it improves coordination of hands and eyes and develops ability to manipulate objects. To begin with, you can use thick threads and large beads or, for example, large pieces of dry pasta. Over time, the construction can be slightly complicated by using smaller details.
Crafts from paper
An effective means for the development of motor skills are handicrafts. Allow your child to experiment with pencils and markers to create their own unique designs and designs on paper. When drawing, you can use both special brushes and fingers. As the child grows up, it is possible to use scissors for cutting paper. These activities will help him to master the ways of using wrists, hands and fingers. Cutted masterpieces can be turned into a glue with the help of glue, which will also give the child a lot of positive emotions.
Older children can develop small motor skills by simply caring for themselves. For example, when a child puts on his own, he can button buttons and buttons, tie the laces. Let the child try to brush his teeth, zipper and comb his hair. Such simple tasks are also a kind of motor skills, it is still a good educational moment for developing a sense of responsibility.
Using the same muscles can help children develop muscle memory. It is very important not to overdo it when training, it is not necessary to give the child tasks beyond his control. Any occupation should stimulate it to further research, bring pleasure and cause only positive emotions.