Normally, the pressure of a person.
One of the leading indicators of human health is blood pressure. It is generally accepted that normal human pressure varies depending on the person's age. So for persons from sixteen to twenty years the normal rate is in the range of 100-120 upper and 70-80 lower.
For people of the age group from twenty to forty years of age, the normal value is 120-130 by 70-80 mm.gt;Art. In persons aged forty to sixty years, the figure is normal to 140 by 90. In the latter, the older age group, this value is increased to 150 by 90.
Such indicators were generally accepted until the end of the nineties. However, in the new millennium, this issue was revised somewhat, and it became generally accepted that normal human pressure is up to 140 by 90.
Thus, age changes and peculiarities related to blood pressure were not taken into account.
Normally, human pressure consists of two variables. The first value indicates the level of systolic blood pressure( or upper).Systolic blood pressure - pressure in the bloodstream during systole( contraction) of the ventricles of the heart and release of a large portion of blood into the bloodstream. The second indicator - diastolic pressure( or lower blood pressure) indicates the level of pressure in the bloodstream during relaxation of the ventricles, that is, it is the lowest load in the bloodstream.
However, changes in these indicators in greater or lesser evidence not only about any pathological conditions of the body. The increase or decrease in blood pressure can be physiologically conditioned. So in a state of rest( lying in bed), it is slightly below the ordinary for a person, and with significant physical exertion can rise to very large values.
Despite the change in blood pressure in normal, we are increasingly talking about such changes, caused by the pathological state of the body. Diseases that lead to a change in the pressure of a huge variety and list them all in this article is not possible.
As for diagnosing changes in blood pressure, it's not a secret that a tonometer is used for this purpose. Due to the fact that the measurement of this indicator is not very difficult and does not require special skills, any person can diagnose its changes individually.
What is so detrimental in raising or lowering the pressure? Most importantly, what bothers most people is the change in overall well-being. With a decrease in blood pressure - the state is sluggish, drowsy, weakness is felt, after a short period of time, fatigue develops. With increasing blood pressure, there are often severe headaches, a feeling of pulsation of the blood vessels, possibly a feeling of heat. Clinically, the most important when changing blood pressure is the possibility of complications. Thus, with high numbers, it is possible to develop heart attacks and strokes. At a low - organs and tissues suffer from hypoxia( lack of oxygen), which leads to ischemia of the latter.
With the aim of reducing the harmful effects of pressure changes, it is important to conduct an early( independent) diagnosis of these changes.
Most people have a natural question: how to deal with pressure?
Currently, there are a large number of groups of different medications that help to create normally human pressure.
For acute and short-term changes in blood pressure, short-term use of corrective drugs is sufficient. But for chronic conditions, the use of these drugs is permanent and virtually lifelong. With regard to these drugs, it is necessary to take into account their various mechanisms of action and so on, which is why it is so important that your doctor prescribes these medications.