Allergy to deodorant: symptoms and treatments
Modern hygiene regulations prescribe the daily and frequent use of not only soap, but also a variety of other hygiene products. Among them, deodorants and antiperspirants take a worthy place, it is almost impossible to do without them. Together with the help and quick solution of sweating problems, they often cause significant harm. Allergy to deodorant - a fairly common phenomenon, these funds are entirely composed of chemically synthesized components. How the skin and the body of an individual will react is recognized only in practice.
Agents of Influence
Manufacturers massively offer two types of sweat remedies - deodorants and antiperspirants. According to the principle of action, they have differences and long-term consequences from frequent use. The most popular among consumers uses deodorant. The use of the product is due to ease of application and efficiency. At the heart of the action is the principle of neutralizing the odor of sweat due to the components. In this case, sweating does not decrease, and during the day the action of the drug gradually disappears.
The deodorant formulation can contain dozens of ingredients, but the main active ingredient is always alcohol. It has a sanifying effect, neutralizing bacteria, and is a provoker of allergic reactions, which occurs due to skin irritation.
As an alternative to alcohol, some manufacturers produce deodorants based on triclosan. This ingredient has a negative effect on respiratory function, the thyroid gland and also causes allergies, in some countries the component is prohibited. Less fatal effect on the skin has farnesol. The substance is an extract from natural oils, in particular from sandalwood oil. If you want to buy a safe product, it is worth buying something that includes farnesol.
People with increased sweat secretion prefer to purchase antiperspirants, which block the very possibility of liquid release. The action is based on the reaction of the aluminum salts that make up the product, with the sweat. Aluminum salts do not harm the body, but constant use is fraught with blockages of the sweat ducts, which can lead to cancer( breast cancer).
Manufacturers here and found an alternative - salt of zirconium. To date, their impact on the human body has not been studied, but since the mechanism of action remains the same, it can be said that the damage to health has not gone anywhere.
Forms of release
A huge variety of deodorizing agents speaks not only about the variety of brands, manufacturers, but also about the large number of forms of release. At the present stage, the following types are mass produced:
In an overwhelming number of cases, the manufacturer will assure the buyer of the safety of the purchased product by making an appropriate inscription on the package. In Russia, unfortunately, there are no uniform standards or rules for the use of the term "hypoallergenic".Therefore, only on the conscience of the manufacturer lies a similar formulation. There is no research and testing in this regard.
Label to help
Allergy to deodorant can occur in everyone, now absolutely safe means from sweat does not exist, but you can minimize the risks. A negative reaction can be caused by any component, not just the main active substance. People with a tendency to allergic reactions should carefully study the label. A frequent irritant is perfume perfume, designed to mask the smell of sweat.
Powerful perfume, added to the aerosol, falls not only to the required place, but also inhales, settles on the mucous membranes. It can cause shortness of breath, an asthma attack, rashes on the body, eye irritation, swelling of the nasopharynx and other troubles. Information about which agent is used to improve odor is not always indicated on the label, the manufacturer has the right to maintain the secret of the product formula.
Deodorizing agents in the form of sticks, gels or rollers, in order to preserve the shape and lengthen the shelf life, contain parabens that provoke weakening of immunity and propensity to atopy. Also, these agents accumulate in the body and "shoot" with cancer. When choosing a product, it is worth paying attention to the shelf life( up to 1 year), in this case the amount of preservatives is minimized.
Without parabens, but with
allergy The "no paraben" label should exclude their presence in the composition, but this does not mean the absence of preservatives. For example, many commodity producers have found no less harmful alternative - phenoxyethanol. It enters the top 10 allergens and causes irritation to the skin, mucous and respiratory system, in many countries it is prohibited or restricted for use. If you consider which product will be the least safe, then it will be a deodorant in the form of a spray, since all the contents are in the canister, where there is no access to air, and there is also no direct contact with the skin.
Today, most consumers are actively developing funds based on natural ingredients, where essential oils, plant extracts, algae are added as maskers of unpleasant odor. These components cause no less irritation and also threaten health.
Before buying a product labeled "bio", it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself with the contents and check the skin's response to the components. This is done simply - a very small amount of a drug or any ingredient must be applied to the area of the back of the elbow and observe the reaction of the skin during the day. At the slightest sign of irritation, you must stop using it.
An allergic rash in an adult's body from the use of deodorizing agents occurs at any age. But there are risk groups - these are women who have crossed the 40-year threshold and children who entered the puberty period. These categories of patients are characterized by hypersensitive skin and active use of deodorants or antiperspirants, due to changes in the hormonal background and the induced activity of the sweat glands. Experts recommend more often to use hypoallergenic soap and ordinary water to maintain cleanliness, and also to choose the most safe means to neutralize the smell of sweat.
Allergy to deodorant is caused by another elementary factor - the use of overdue products. Since the tool consists entirely of chemical elements, their decay is predicted to be one day. The components are oxidized, enter into new reactions, which creates a completely different product, which provokes big problems. Do not purchase funds of unknown origin or with expired shelf life.
Symptoms of an allergy
Buying a remedy for sweat, no one can predict if an allergy to deodorant will arise. Most often the tool is selected individually, by trial and error.
The following symptoms are clinical manifestations of a negative reaction:
- Local reactions of the epidermis at places of treatment with a deodorant, the irritation of the armpits is most often observed.
- Dermatitis of allergic origin, exposed to sunlight, can appear after 12-48 hours.
- Quincke edema, dyspnea, or urticaria may occur in a few minutes or within a few hours after use.
How the reaction of the skin and the body as a whole will look like, it is impossible to predict. The manifestation can be reddening of the epidermis, puffiness, fever, the appearance of small nodules, filled with fluid in the places where the deodorant was applied. The use of the agent can also provoke itching, burning not only locally, but also far beyond the treated area. Symptoms intensify with repeated use, and manifestations are exacerbated.
Allergy to deodorant is most often observed in the form of urticaria. The reaction looks like a chaotic rash on the skin in the form of blisters filled with serous fluid, irregular shape and different sizes. The rash is accompanied by severe itching and an increased temperature of the epidermis in places of localization.
Sometimes the reactivity of the organism is accompanied by aggravating manifestations:
- Irritation of the respiratory tract - sneezing, itching in the nose, inflammation of the lacrimal glands( lacrimation), shortness of breath.
- Vomiting, diarrhea, persistent nausea.
- Patients with swelling of the upper respiratory tract may experience difficulty swallowing.
In particularly severe cases, a person may experience Quincke's swelling, which is expressed in a swift and acute swelling of the mucous membranes, subcutaneous fat. The external manifestation is a significant increase in body volume, edema in the larynx leads to suffocation.
Urticaria has the property to manifest itself within 10-15 minutes after using an irritant agent, which is often a deodorant. The use of even the usual remedy for sweat should be discontinued.
Do not despair if you are overtaken by an allergy to deodorant. What to do in this case?
It is necessary:
- Wash off with warm soapy water.
- Refuse the use of deodorizing agents for the period of diagnosis and treatment.
- Consult physician to determine allergen.
- Follow the recommendations of the specialist when choosing a product from sweat.
The doctor, depending on the degree of reaction, will recommend taking antihistamines, sometimes corticosteroids. Strengthen the therapy will help anti-allergic ointment for the skin of the pharmaceutical series. What medications should be used, the allergist should decide, self-medication can harm.
Applying folk remedies, it is also worthwhile to show prudence, especially to people with hereditary propensity to atopy. Among plants, oils, there are many allergens. In the case of an active manifestation of allergic reactions( Quincke's edema, severe urticaria, anaphylactic shock, etc.), an emergency team should be called urgently.
It's easier to avoid a disease than to treat the consequences after a long time, this postulate also applies when an allergy to deodorant occurs. What to do to preserve health and at the same time use the whole arsenal of modern hygiene products? It is necessary to adhere to simple rules:
- Carefully study the label for the presence of harmful ingredients.
- Do not use overdue funds.
- To give preference to products with simple formulas and a small number of components.
- Avoiding goods that include accumulating components( not removed from the body), when receiving a severe defeat of internal organs, no one can guess what caused a serious illness.
- Before using a deodorant, it is worthwhile to conduct a test daily test, in the absence of a negative reaction, boldly apply.
Without deodorizing agents in the modern world, you can do, but it is unlikely that it will be justified. With a huge number of manufacturers and lines of deodorants to find a safe option is always possible, it is only necessary to give the process some time.