Polyps in the stomach.
Polyps in the stomach are outgrowths of the muscle tissue of the stomach that protrude into the lumen of the organ.
Polyps are considered benign, but under certain conditions they can be regenerated. The cause of polyposis of the stomach is considered to be the inflammatory process and hereditary predisposition. Heredity consists in weakness of the muscular wall and propensity to form outgrowths.
To lead to the formation of outgrowths in the stomach can chronic gastritis, improper nutrition and burn of the gastric mucosa. Some scientists believe that one of the factors that can lead to the formation of polyps in the stomach is Helicobacter pylori infection. However, this statement has no evidence and is at the stage of the theory.
Polyps in the stomach are classified according to their histological structure, number and morphological structure. First of all, single and multiple polyps are isolated.
Further polyps in the stomach can be divided into towers above the level of the mucosa due to the legs and flat. Small( up to 1 cm), medium( up to 3 cm) and large( more than 3 cm) polyps can be distinguished by size. And also distinguish symptomatic and asymptomatic polyposis.
Polyps in the stomach are not such an inoffensive thing as many people imagine. The fact is that these very outgrowths prevent the normal digestion of food and its passage through the stomach. Accordingly, there are symptoms of polyps in the stomach, which are primarily associated with stagnant phenomena.
The clinical picture of polyposis of the stomach may initially resemble an attack of gastritis. The patient aching aching pain in the epigastric region mainly on the left.
Then the pains begin to radiate into the scapula and back area. There is a pain syndrome directly during a meal, when some of its pieces affect the polyps.
It should be noted that the number of polyps is directly related to the pain syndrome. If 1-2 polyps are diagnosed in the stomach, then, as a rule, such patients do not present acute complaints of pain. But if the stomach is "strewn" with polyps of different sizes, then often the pain becomes unbearable.
In addition to pain, polyps in the stomach cause dyspeptic syndrome. The feeling of heaviness and swelling constantly worries the sick. Belching and bitterness in the mouth are symptoms of stagnant phenomena in the stomach. From patients, a fetid odor may occur if the polyps overlap the opening of the stomach outlet into the 12th gut. At the same time, the food does not pass into the gut or passes very slowly, and the processes of putrefaction and fermentation begin.
Violation of the nature of the stool always occurs when there are polyps in the stomach. In this case, patients can mark both diarrhea and constipation. It depends on the number of polyps and their location.
Patients with polyposis of the stomach are often concerned about nausea and vomiting. This occurs as a result of overfilling of the stomach with food and inability to digest it. There is a so-called compensatory vomiting, which brings relief to patients.
The most dangerous complication of polyps in the stomach is their malignancy( degeneration) or bleeding. These are life-threatening conditions requiring immediate assistance.
Treatment of polyps in the stomach is performed by a gastroenterologist physician together with a surgeon. There is conservative therapy and surgical with polyposis of the stomach. The effectiveness and appropriateness of both the first and second is evaluated by the doctor. Conservative methods include antihelikobakternaya therapy and elimination of the cause of the disease( gastritis or malnutrition).Surgical treatment consists in removing polyps from the stomach by various methods. However, this does not give a 100% guarantee that the polyps will not form again.