Psychosomatics of constipation: the causes
Based on the results of numerous scientific studies it became known that about 86% of all diseases have a psychological basis. Among the reasons for the appearance of various ailments, the emotional sphere of man occupies a leading position, the secondary factors are the influences of the external environment: infections, viruses, hypothermia and so on. Many doctors believe that constipation is not an exception in this case, it arises from the psychological discomfort of a person. Therefore, psychosomatics in constipation is considered by medical workers as one of the factors of the appearance of the disease.
Description of the problem
Constipation is a difficult defecation. This ailment is inherent in half of the adult and child population of the planet. Normally, the number of bowel movements varies from three times a day to three times a week. With constipation, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestines after feces, a small amount of feces. The presence of one of these signs suggests that a person is characterized by
With this type of illness, there is no bowel movement until three days, pain and bloating, long urge to excrement, which ends in success. At the same time, there are no changes in the intestine. Functional constipation is classified as a group of diseases that are combined in the TFR( irritable bowel syndrome).They often have a chronic form and are not always cured.
Many people who have this pathology, do not recognize themselves as sick, they do not apply to doctors, as the ailment does not affect the quality of their life. Other people turn to the doctor, because they feel a sense of discomfort, which affects their life. When interviewing patients, they reveal a psychosomatic constipation, which manifests itself in an abundance of stresses and neuroses, mental disorders and emotional disorders, as well as certain conditions of life. Therefore, the treatment should not only deal with the gastroenterologist, but also a neurologist with a psychologist.
Constipation of psychological nature
Very often, due to psychological problems constipation, psychosomatics, the causes of which will be discussed further. With psychological constipation, disturbances in the autonomic nervous system of a person are observed, as a result of which the peristalsis of the intestine slows down. About ten percent of people have these problems and go to the toilet once every three days. Some experts consider this a norm, which does not require treatment. It is usually difficult to determine the cause of psychological constipation in a person, since the diagnosis requires the presence of other symptoms, for example bloating, insomnia or abdominal pain.
Freud about the problem
Studying the problem of disruption of the intestine, the Austrian psychiatrist found that most often the psychosomatic constipation in adults is manifested when a person has a stubborn character, a propensity for thrift and profound pedantic love for purity. These three qualities are now commonly referred to as Freud's anal triad. Of course, this assumption is controversial, to date it is unclear how these factors affect the development of pathology.
Sigmund Freud argued that in the case when parents force children to share their own things or, on the contrary, tend to be greedy, the child develops a retarding personality type. When he grows up, he becomes restrained and controlling, he is distinguished by stubbornness, conservatism, and sometimes cruelty. Such people do not tolerate a mess, it's difficult to part with the past. This type of personality is characterized by a deep attitude, which is manifested by constant limitations and need.
These personality characteristics are very strong, such is their psychosomatic constipation. People with this pathology are externally calm, but inside they experience very strong tension, which makes it difficult to relax the intestines.
Sinelnikov VV on the problem of constipation
Sinelnikov, a homoeopathic doctor, claims that constipation serves as a symbol of unwillingness to get rid of outdated thoughts, a person in this case constantly clings to his past, is afraid to give up something in life, fearing the impossibility of making up for loss is such a psychosomatic constipation. Sinelnikov says to get rid of the disease, it is necessary to remove all old unnecessary things from the house and put new ones in their place. Many psychologists and psychiatrists believe that diseases arise because of a special perception of the world around them. To find the cause of the disease, you need to plunge into your inner world and understand what could adversely affect the physical condition. We need to learn to relax psychologically, get rid of self-control, old thoughts and limitations, develop creative thinking and a good mood.
Psychology of constipation in adults and adolescents
The psychosomatic constipation in adolescents and adults is the presence of people's psychological causes of the development of ailment. To such it is customary to include:
- Stresses. A person who is constantly in psychological stress is more prone to the appearance of constipation than a person balanced. Bad emotions, anger, fear and so on cause strong constriction of the anal muscles, which leads to difficulties of defecation. Constipation can also arise due to fear of changing something in life, letting go of the past. Diseases of the nervous system and mental disorders.
- Features of character. People who are self-contained and uncommunicative, do not share their emotions and experiences, can have problems in the form of frequent constipation.
- Often changing schedule, in which a person does not develop the habit of going to the toilet at the same time, restrains the desire to emptying, postpones it for another time. All this causes densification of the stool, which leads to complication of defecation.
- Frequent trips and trips, in which a person is uncomfortable to defecate in unfamiliar conditions, which leads to the impossibility of relaxation and violation of defecation.
Psychosomatics of constipation in children
The phenomenon of psychological constipation occurs in children at the age of two years, when the child himself is accustomed to going to the toilet. This is one of the first functions that involves the presence of mindfulness in the baby, the formation of self-control and self-regulation. But the child, feeling the need for excrement, especially tolerates, which leads to hardening of stool. This occurs in some cases due to the fact that sometimes defecation caused pain and discomfort. The child, remembering such feelings, the next time will tolerate, refusing to go to the toilet to again not experience discomfort. Such is the psychosomatic constipation of a small child.
In other cases, there is a pathology in the kindergarten, where there is a new unfamiliar situation. Nervous experiences, stresses, which in this case arise, cause difficulty in excrement. Also, in some cases, parents of children, accustoming them to a pot, are very demanding and persistent, they force the child to "do it."The behavior of such parents becomes the cause of psychological constipation.
Symptoms of constipation
The frequency of bowel movements in people with this ailment can be from once every three days to once a week. In some cases, there are pain in the abdomen, a feeling of his raspiraniya, which pass after defecation. A frequent symptom is bloating, loss of appetite, bad taste in the mouth. In this case, adults experience a decrease in working capacity, there are headaches, nervousness, sleep disorder.
Treatment of psychological constipation
Now you know what psychosomatic constipation is. Treatment is necessary for a long time, including work on yourself, the elimination of complexes and experiences, sources of stress. To get rid of the disease, psychologists recommend to restore positive thinking, learn to believe in oneself, to perceive new sensations. A person should be able to tune in to a positive, be in a good mood, transfer it to others around him. It is also recommended to learn how to relax with the help of trainings and meditation.
Adhering to these rules and tips, you can also use medications for constipation, an integrated approach will help to get rid of the problem faster. As drugs, candles, drugs, suspensions and enemas are used. You also need to eat right, lead an active lifestyle, drink plenty of water. The most important rule here is a timely visit to the toilet at the first call, you can not tolerate and postpone this procedure. It is recommended to teach the body to defecate at the same time every day.
Treatment of children
The child is hard at coping with psychological constipation. Parents are advised to pay attention in time to their child's complaints, for example, lack of appetite, pain or bloating. The nutrition of the child must be varied with vegetables and fruits, with sour-milk products. Together with this, parents should talk with their children about their problems, it is necessary to find out the cause of constipation and explain to the child how to deal with them.
The child can be told that it is not safe to tolerate, because you can get sick. But you can not frighten children. You need to be patient and praise the baby even for trying to go to the toilet, albeit unsuccessful. It is also recommended to reduce control over the child, giving him more freedom. You can not say that going to the toilet is ugly and disgusting, as children develop a sense of guilt.
Of course, constipation of a psychological nature is an unpleasant problem, but it can be eliminated by directing efforts to change habits, diet and regimen.