Cystitis with blood: the causes of appearance, diagnosis and treatment characteristics
One of the rather troubling symptoms of cystitis is blood in secretions. By itself, pathology occurs quite often, and its course is accompanied by various unpleasant manifestations. The presence of blood usually indicates a transition to an acute form, since inflamed mucous membranes can secrete blood. Noticing such a sign, you need to urgently consult a doctor. If, during urination, pinkish, brown, brown liquid first leaves, there is a possibility of a hemorrhagic form of the disease. The doctor will be able to clarify the situation by sending for the necessary tests.
Acute cystitis with blood in its main manifestations is close to the hemorrhagic variant of the pathology. The non-specialist can not tell the difference. If the process of urination is accompanied by spotting, the best option is to consult a qualified doctor in a timely manner. To clarify the circumstances, urine analysis is prescribed to determine the concentration of red blood cells in the biological fluid. This is quite a complex exercise, requiring the presence of a special microscope, so at home to understand what is happening, will not work.
Often the symptom is provoked by erosion of the mucosa, designed to protect the bladder. In this case, the blood vessels are exposed. Another form of cystitis with blood in women is explained by loosening of the walls of the bladder. Due to a lack of tissue density, red blood cells are passed, which leads to the coloration of the liquid to be separated into a pinkish or brown color.
Where did the problem come from?
The causes of cystitis with blood are divided into two groups: infectious nature and not being. Each of the categories deserves special attention. Knowing how the disease starts, what factors provoke it, you can prevent their effect on the body. Prevention of disease is the best, effective approach to its treatment. This rule is immutable and always works.
If there is no infection
Cystitis with blood can be provoked by various mechanical factors. There is a possibility of blockages. Blood can appear due to damage to the integrity of the ducts, the bubble itself. More often this situation is faced by people who are often forced to restrain their urge to urinate. Over time, this leads to an exceptionally strong stretching of the muscle tissue. The blood flow in the organs is disturbed, which provokes an inflammatory process.
A similar situation worries those who have neurological pathologies. They cause a decrease in the ability of muscle tissue to contract. Cystitis with blood is caused by a violation of the transfer of information about the need to separate the liquid, so urine accumulates for a long time, which also causes the fibers to stretch.
With this disease, the blood in the urine with cystitis is associated with the impossibility of a normal outflow of fluid due to the presence of obstacles in its path. The canal, the nature foreseen for urination, can narrow due to spasms. Some people have this problem since birth. There is a probability of occurrence of this situation in the tumor process, when neoplasms close the lumens of the ducts or squeeze the organs from the outside.
Doctors explain whether there can be blood in cystitis if a channel overlap is established for the outflow of urine partially or completely. A similar symptom is observed with stones scratching the surfaces of organic tissues and violating their integrity.
Attention to all the peculiarities of
A certain form of cystitis with blood is caused by chemical intoxication of the body. Particularly severely affected people with increased sensitivity of organic tissues that form the bladder. The disease can begin even because of the ingestion of acute foods. Often, alcohol use leads to cystitis, especially in unbearable amounts.
About the reasons: what else is possible?
In medicine, there are cases when cystitis with blood was provoked by taking medications. More often it is typical for people undergoing treatment for a malignant neoplasm. Often, within the framework of medical therapy, "Cyclophosphane" is prescribed. On the one hand, this drug is really effective against tumor cells, but its use is associated with a number of side effects, including an increased risk of cystitis.
The process of metabolism of "cyclophosphamide" is associated with the generation of corrosive chemical components. Since metabolites are separated through the urine, accumulation in the bladder, passage through the channels of the compound irritates the mucous membranes. If the patient simultaneously undergoes therapy with radiation affecting the suprapubic bone tissue, this further irritates the organs, provokes the separation of blood.
In women with cystitis, blood is a symptom that can indicate an infection. The causative agents of the disease are many, most often they provoke the hemorrhagic form of the disease. To a greater degree of danger, individuals who neglect the rules of intimate hygiene are exposed. When the urine is separated through the canal, liquids containing bacteria and infections pass through. Access to a malicious agent here is fairly simple through the vagina, the intestine.
Even if hygiene rules are followed, there is a risk of developing this form of the disease when bearing the fetus and soon after the birth of the baby, as well as during menopause. This is due to the weakening of the body due to natural causes.
And what about men?
For representatives of the stronger half of civilization, cystitis is more often associated with adenovirus, herpes. With this disease, local immunity is sharply reduced, blood flow in the bladder tissues is disturbed. All this provokes infection, inflammation, leads to an acute form of cystitis, associated with the separation of blood.
If a cystitis with blood is diagnosed, what to do - the doctor will tell. The therapy varies significantly, it depends on the reasons that provoked the problem. For example, there are cases when the disease was caused by infection with chlamydia. Gonorrhea can lead to pathology. The cause is urea-, mycoplasmosis. If such a nature of pathology is revealed, treatment begins with the fight against harmful colonies of microorganisms, and only with the elimination of the main agent does they begin to stop all the symptoms.
Do I need treatment?
Cystitis with blood, according to a number of our fellow citizens, is a rather minor problem that will eventually run out of itself. Using this logic, citizens, even having noticed a disturbing symptom, do not turn to the doctor on time. Doctors, in turn, call for the first manifestations immediately to come to the reception, as the disease is not just unpleasant, but really dangerous, and it is necessary to fight not with its manifestations, but with the cause that caused the inflammatory process. Particularly dangerous is the hemorrhagic variant of the disease.
When blood is released into the urine, hemoglobin is lowered. The acute form of cystitis can cause anemia. If chronic hemorrhagic pathology develops, fainting, dyspnea, general weakness, increased fatigue will be disturbing. Often such people suffer from brittle hair, nails.
Problems not exhausted
Development of hemorrhagic cystitis leads to the accumulation of bleeding in the bladder. Over time, clots are formed here, the danger of which is an increased risk of blocking the canal of the urine. The fluids accumulate inside, which leads to the stretching of the muscle fibers forming the walls of the bubble. Over time, this leads to catheterization. The procedure is rather painful, it involves additional risks, since even a tube set by a skilled doctor can damage the integrity of the mucosa, and this provokes the appearance of a new inflammatory focus.
To warn severe consequences of an acute cystitis it is possible only in one way - having begun treatment of a pathology as soon as possible.
Dangers of the future
If you do not start on time treatment of cystitis with blood in women, there is a possibility of spreading the infectious agent through the tissues of the body. This can provoke a variety of consequences, sometimes unpredictable. The kidneys are the first to suffer, where inflammation also begins. The most severe form of the consequences of hemorrhagic cystitis is sepsis, which occurs if bacteria infect the circulatory system, penetrating the weakened walls of diseased organs into the bloodstream.
How to identify the problem?
At the first suspicion of cystitis, it is urgent to visit a therapist who will redirect to a specialist. Using the services of a paid clinic, you can immediately register with a doctor who can determine the problem. First, an analysis of urine, blood is prescribed. Based on the indices obtained in the laboratory, it is possible to detect the presence of an inflammatory focus. The degree of development of the process is assessed by the concentration of leukocytes in the blood.
A special approach requires diagnosis if there is a suspicion of thrush, since cystitis in this case is provoked by fungal infection. It is necessary to carry out an analysis for sensitivity to antimicrobial drugs( for this, crop is done).If the virus is suspected, the blood is checked by PCR, ELISA.Based on the results obtained, determine what exactly triggered cystitis. If it is not possible to establish the exact nature of the disease, ultrasound or MRI of the pelvis is used as an additional diagnostic measure.
Complicated case of
If all described measures did not help to determine the cause of the disease, it is necessary to conduct activities to examine the bladder from the inside. The doctor uses an optical system with a light source. The technique is introduced into the human body through the urethra. The official name of the event is cystoscopy.
By conducting a visual examination of the bladder, the doctor diagnoses the situation and can simultaneously perform some medical manipulations. Most often, samples are obtained for further research, cauterize the areas that need it, and inject an antiseptic for washing cavities and disinfecting tissues.
Treatment: stationary version of
Treatment of cystitis with blood in women often occurs in a hospital. However, much depends on the severity of the disease and the reasons that provoked it. The doctor will determine if there are complications. Based on the complete picture, determine which therapeutic course will be optimal in a particular case.
Initiate treatment usually with a course of antimicrobial drugs. Very popular are "Nolitsin", "Monural".To increase the effectiveness of the program, it is possible to take antiviral formulations, as well as medicines that activate immunity. Vitamin complexes, probiotics will not be superfluous. Often, to combat inflammation, the doctor recommends taking "Phytolysin", "Kanefron".Both products are made on the basis of plant components, are considered relatively safe.
What else will help?
An important event in cystitis is the strengthening of the vascular walls. This helps block bleeding and prevent the formation of new foci. Selects such medicines doctor, self-prescribe drugs of this group is strictly prohibited. If improper treatment increases the likelihood of increased levels of coagulation, and therefore, do not do without blood clots dangerous to human life.
In order to improve the effectiveness of medical measures in hospital conditions, a bladder rinse is organized. Often, saline is used for the procedure. Through the catheter into the cavity, you can enter the drug composition, if the situation requires it. In case of severe blood loss, an additional catheter should be added in order to prevent blockage of the blood clots of the passages of the urinary tract channels. With a weak blood separation and finding a thrombus, clogged passages, an urgent mechanical removal of the clot is required.
Acute form of cystitis is the period of bleeding. When she is defeated, they continue to treat the disease at home, regularly visiting the doctor to monitor the effectiveness of the chosen course. A strict ban on warming up the bladder is imposed. This applies to the bleeding situation, and in its absence. When the thermal effect on organic tissue stimulates blood flow, which leads to a new exacerbation. However, hypothermia is as dangerous as overheating. In the treatment of cystitis, doctors are advised to undergo treatment at home, if possible, adhering to bed rest until complete recovery.
To support the strength of the body, it is necessary to regularly eat special teas, infusions, herbal preparations. It helps to stop inflammatory foci, to weaken bleeding, to destroy infectious agents. Currently, the bearberry is most often used. With the proper use of drinks on its basis, pain disappears, spasms are eliminated, and inflammation passes. Bearberry fights with microbes, so it is especially effective if the cystitis is caused by mycoplasmosis.