Dentistry: treatment and causes
In orthodontics quite often meet with such a problem as the crowding of teeth. This anomaly occurs in both adults and children. If you do nothing - in the future you can have serious problems with peri-toothed tissues. To get rid of this pathology of bite can be different methods, however, some of them require a huge amount of time.
What is the denseness of the dentition?
In dentistry, this pathology means a condition where teeth, due to lack of space, grow too tightly to each other. Such a problem can appear for the following reasons:
- Extra teeth grow, or the dimensions of some of them exceed the standard dimensions.
- Bone base has not reached the required size.
- All of the baby teeth have failed, and the remaining ones interfere with the growth of permanent teeth.
This bite anomaly also occurs when the dental groups are displaced, for example, if temporary fangs or molars were removed earlier, and empty places were left without prosthetics. In addition, the development of crowding bad habits: mouth breathing or sucking fingers. Such a pathology of bite may also appear in adults with the growth of third molars.
According to some reports, 60 percent of toddlers under 14 have partial overcrowding. In some children this deviation affects the upper jaw, while in others, the crowding of the lower teeth occurs. In rare cases, this bite anomaly covers both jaws.
Stages of pathology
In dentistry it is customary to distinguish several variants of formation of dental crowding:
- Easy stage. With it, only 2-3 mm is missing and deviations affect only a few teeth, the other units have the correct location. This simple form of pathology is easier to fix in a short time.
- Average degree. This anomaly differs by 4-6 mm, besides, it can touch only individual units without affecting the attractiveness of the dentition. The problem unit at this stage of crowding is slightly shifted beyond the level line, is deployed around its axis or has a large slope.
- Heavy form. This degree is the most complex and noticeable. In this case, the deviation reaches more than 7 mm, and individual teeth are forced out of the natural arc, changing the uniformity and shape of the smile. With such a violation, serious problems can arise, which are eliminated only by the removal of dental units.
Dentistry: photos and reasons for the appearance of
Doctors do not always manage to establish, because of what this pathology arises. As a rule, the reasons are some habits and diseases of the oral cavity. In people in adulthood, this anomaly appears at the moment when wisdom teeth begin to erupt. In such a situation, the molars and fangs already occupy empty seats, and the eight do not have anything, so they move adjacent units, occupying the necessary space.
To tooth crowding often lead to harmful childhood habits. To avoid such a pathology, parents should in time disaccustom the baby from using pacifiers and nipples, sucking fingers, infantile swallowing and the like. Still such a pathology can arise as a result of early loss of milk teeth and belated appearance of indigenous in their place.
An incorrect bite by nature is often the cause of crowding of teeth. This pathology completely affects the shape and size of the jaw, as well as the location of incisors, canines and molars. With the underdevelopment of the alveolar processes, a similar anomaly may also arise.
In addition, tooth congestion is observed with such problems as:
- Various diseases that affect the incorrect development of the jaw arc.
- Presence of supercomplete teeth when they are slightly larger than the required number.
- Underdevelopment of the lower jaw.
- Too large teeth, occupying more than the right place, displace the units that grow up later.
- Hereditary pathologies that provoke the appearance of hyperdontia or makrodentii.
Dentistry must be corrected, or it is necessary to eliminate the complications. He is engaged in the treatment of such an anomaly, an orthodontist.
Negative consequences of bite pathology
Many ignore the crowding of teeth, thinking that such a problem brings only aesthetic inconvenience. However, this is completely different from other bite abnormalities, a close arrangement of teeth can lead to complications.
Tightness of the teeth of the lower jaw causes the occurrence of plaque, since there is no gap between the units for such a disease, as a result of which it becomes impossible to provide complete oral care. As a consequence, in hard-to-reach places, solid stone and plaque begins to form, which can be removed only by special dental equipment.
Such anomaly of teeth leads to the appearance of caries. This is due to the accumulation of plaque provoking the multiplication of microorganisms, which cause inflammation of the gums and the destruction of hard tissues of the tooth. It is there, where the units are tightly pressed against each other, inflammatory processes occur.
In some cases, tooth congestion causes tooth loss. Even a slight inflammation, which a person does not notice, therefore, does not appeal to a specialist, after a certain time passes into a chronic stage. If you do not heal - after a few years there will be completely toothless jaw.
This anomaly contributes to the formation of traumatic occlusion. When crowded into certain units of the dentition, the load increases when chewing food, because of which the periodontitis becomes inflamed and the enamel is erased.
Dentists eliminate this problem in various ways. The appropriate treatment option is selected depending on the condition of the oral cavity, the individual characteristics of the patient and the degree of manifestation of pathology. The most effective methods are the bracket system, separation method and extraction of teeth.
The latter option is resorted to when the incisors are too large. To correct a dental row in this case without operative intervention it is impossible. Basically, doctors remove fours, fives or wisdom teeth on both jaws. After their extraction, the adjacent units begin to shift, the dentition aligns. The removal procedure is used before the main therapy with braces, plates or trainers. In rare cases, such therapy is an independent method.
Helps to eliminate the crowding of teeth braces. Establish these orthodontic devices for adolescents and even adult patients. Bracket-systems put on different terms, it all depends on the complexity of the bite anomaly. With their help, the teeth move to a new position. But if the seats in the row are not enough - you need to delete.
Correction of the crowding of teeth by the method of separation. It is carried out by the method of polishing enamel or by establishing temporary struts in the intervals between the units. The grinding allows to release about 6 mm of space. These days, this method is used instead of deleting.
How to eliminate congestion of anterior teeth without braces?
With mild or moderate degree of pathology, eliners and orthodontic capes are still used, which move teeth similarly to braces. There is a process of equalization, although slower, but more comfortable for the patient. With minor curvatures on the individual units of teeth, you can install ceramic lumineers or veneers. Thus, they can be aligned without orthodontic therapy.
Extension of teeth when crowded with
plates. Such manipulations can only be carried out after a thorough examination of the periodontal tissue condition. The procedure itself is carried out in different ways, but most often use expansion plates. The result can be obtained by the planned pressure of this device on the dentition. The device gradually gives the units the correct position. Plates are created individually. The best effect of such leveling teeth is noted in children and adolescents.
Timing of treatment
Treatment of congestion is long: from 6 months to 2 years. Correction of the size and position of the jaw should be done from early childhood - with proper treatment it will take no more than six months. In adults, it is not possible to normalize bone contortions with orthodontic devices, unfortunately. In advanced cases without surgical intervention can not do.
How to avoid pathology?
To avoid unpleasant dental procedures, it is necessary to resort to preventive measures. To prevent the formation of dental crowding, it is necessary:
- Give up bad habits.
- Continue to visit the dentist.
- To carefully control the formation of the maxillary apparatus from childhood.
- Time to prosthetically replace the time lost teeth.
Dental congestion is a dangerous and severe anomaly using unpleasant procedures to eliminate it, so avoid such a violation beforehand. The main preventive method is the timely elimination of all dental pathologies.