Veronica long-leaved: cultivation, medicinal properties, photo
Veronica long-leaved( chest grass, dewlap) is a herbaceous perennial of the plantain plant, its height is from 50 cm to 1.2 m. The plant has a straight sturdy stem, mostly bare or slightly pubescent, a creeping long rhizome. Thick opposite leaves with prongs grow in a rosette. Flowers of long-leaved veronica of blue or bluish-lilac shade, on pedicels are located one by one, in the upper part of the stem are collected in a brush. The fruit of Veronica long-leaved is a box of slightly flattened shape. Veronica long-leaved, the photo of which can be seen below, blooms all summer.
Distribution and composition of
Plants of the plant are the European part of the CIS, Central Asia and the Caucasus. Veronica long-leaved grass prefers wet meadows and river banks, you can meet it also in thickets and bushes.
As a part of the herb - mainly flavonoids, essential oils, carotene, nitrogen-free compounds, chlorogenic and ascorbic acids, coumarin, cardiac glycosides, caffeic acid, saponins, etc.
Collect and billet
For medicinal purposes use flowering shoots of the plant. The stems of Veronica are neatly cut off, then they are placed on pallets installed in well-ventilated places( under a canopy, in an attic).The grass is laid out in a thin bowl, not more than 5 cm. Raw material from time to time stir.
Well-dried grass must be packed in paper bags or cloth bags made of natural fabric. Shelf life of raw materials - no more than two years, after this time, the medicinal properties of the plant are lost.
Growth and reproduction conditions
Fertile, moderately moist or wet drained soils are best suited for a plant such as Veronica long-leaved. Growing and caring for the plant are not complex. It grows well in open solar areas. After flowering shoots need to be cut, the renewal of the bush is due to a new growth.
Propagate the plant with seeds that are sown under the winter. It is possible to multiply by division, which is carried out in the spring or autumn.
There is another method of reproduction, which is called the method of green cuttings propagation. It is produced in June-July. Young elastic shoots should be cut into cuttings 5-6 centimeters long with one or two internodes and planted in a greenhouse in fertile soil, from above it is necessary to pour sand in a layer of 4-6 cm. In September, roots are formed. Cuttings, which are rooted, are transplanted into the ground.
Veronica long-leaved is also used to decorate stony gardens, curbs and flower beds. Photos show how you can apply the plant to decorate the garden.
Application for medicinal purposes
In folk medicine, the aerial part of the plant and the rhizome are used. The first is harvested during the flowering period. Procession of the rhizome occurs from September to October.
Veronica long-leaved, the medicinal properties of which are known for a long time, is a good antiseptic, has anti-inflammatory, wound healing, hemostatic, choleretic, spasmolytic properties.
The aerial part of the plant is used to make infusions that have antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory properties.
Infusion is useful in the treatment of colds, coughs, dyspnea, pulmonary tuberculosis, liver problems, headaches, digestive disorders, uterine bleeding, hemorrhoids. They are also washed by wounds, places of snake bites.
For the preparation of infusions, one teaspoon of Veronica long-leaved is filled with a glass of boiling water. The agent is insisted for two hours, after which it is filtered. You need to take a quarter cup three times a day.
At intertrigo and sweating of the feet, fresh crushed flowers are used. Dried grass in the form of powder helps in the treatment of wounds, suppurating ulcers, diaper rash. From depriving rid poultices.
For the treatment of diphtheria and scarlet feathers the flowering tops of Veronica long-leaved were fried in fat, then they were used as poultices.
In cases of liver and bladder diseases, the use of decoction is effective. Broth from the rhizomes of the plant helps with jaundice, headaches, endometritis, gastroenteritis, diseases of the bladder, mental disorders. Homeopathy uses drugs based on the roots of plants that have good choleretic properties.
To prepare the decoction of the rhizomes of the plant, a teaspoon of raw material is poured into a glass of water, boiled for ten minutes over a small fire, filtered. Use two tablespoons three times a day, half an hour before meals.
Veronica long-leaved is not used during pregnancy. Also, contraindications for use are increased coagulability of the blood, severe liver or gall bladder pathologies.
In the case of a fungal infection of the skin and nails, the following can be prepared: freshly squeezed plant juice( 200 ml) is poured with the same amount of alcohol, insisted for ten days in a cool place. Tincture is used to lubricate the affected areas two to three times a day, stored in a refrigerator.
For the treatment of acute respiratory infections, acute and chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis veronica long-leaved is used in the form of infusion. It is prepared in this way: dry powdered raw materials( three grams) are poured with boiling water( one glass), insist for an hour and a half, filter. Take a quarter cup three times a day.
For external use the following infusion is used: ten grams of dry raw material is poured with boiling water( 300 ml), it is insisted for two hours, then filtered. It is used in the treatment of eczema, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, dermatoses, pyoderma, diathesis and rash in children.
With headaches, mental disorders, numbness, as an analgesic after the birth, infusion is used, prepared from one teaspoon of the crushed dry plant roots and a glass of water. The agent should be boiled for five minutes, insist an hour, strain and take one or two tablespoons several times a day.
For the treatment of pharyngitis, sore throat, laryngitis, a remedy is used that is prepared as follows: five grams of dry raw material is poured with boiling water( half a liter), insisted for two hours, filtered. Take half the glass up to four times a day in half an hour after eating, in addition, infusion can gargle.
Of course, you can use these medicines only after consulting a doctor. Otherwise, instead of being useful, you can aggravate existing ones and acquire new health problems.