"Phenylephrine hydrochloride": instructions for use
The drug "Phenylephrine hydrochloride" refers to the drugs of the adrenomimetic group, it has a vasoconstrictive effect. The closest analogue is Mezaton.
Phenylephrine is an active ingredient in many medications. The drug stimulates the adrenoreceptors of the vessels, which are located in the sinuses of the nasal mucosa, while the local circulation is not disturbed. Due to the vasoconstrictive action, blood outflow occurs, the swelling of mucous membranes, paranasal sinuses and eustachian tubes decreases. As a result of the action of the drug "Phenylephrine hydrochloride", nasal breathing, which is disturbed by the flu, allergy or cold, is restored. The protivohotelny effect lasts for six hours and begins three minutes after instillation. The glycine, which is part of the medicament, softens the action of the medicine, protects the nasal mucosa from excessive desiccation. In addition, the drug is used in ophthalmology. The medicine is produced in the form of nasal and eye drops.
Indications for use
The drug "Phenylephrine hydrochloride" is prescribed for acute rhinitis, caused by colds, allergic reactions, influenza, respiratory viral infections, sinusitis( etmoiditis, frontal sinusitis, sinusitis). The drug is used for additional treatment of acute otitis media. Drops are used during preparatory diagnostic procedures in the nose area, before performing a surgical procedure. In ophthalmology, medication is administered for the rapid expansion of the pupil in the course of surgery, to prevent the development of uveitis, destruction during adhesion.
The medicine "Phenylephrine"( drops in the nose) is administered to children under two years in the amount of two units per turn. The procedure is performed no more often than once every six hours. Up to 6 years, the drug is digested in the volume of three drops. Older children prefer to use more concentrated solutions of analogues of the preparation "Phenylephrine hydrochloride".The duration of treatment is three days, it can be increased up to ten days if necessary. Eye drops are prescribed to adult patients in the amount of one unit in one or both conjunctiva once a day. Applied for five days.
Side effects of
Drops in the nose "Phenylephrine hydrochloride" can trigger such negative reactions as dizziness, increased pressure, heart rhythm disturbance, tingling in the nose, hot flashes, burning. Eye drops can cause temporary visual impairment, redness, congestion hyperemia. Prolonged application leads to plugging of the tear duct, keratinization of the conjunctiva.
It is forbidden to use the drug "Phenylephrine hydrochloride" with individual sensitivity, increased blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, thyroid dysfunction. Do not administer the drug with vascular aneurysm, dry rhinitis, zakratougolnoy glaucoma. Do not use the product during pregnancy and breastfeeding.