Causes of gum disease and ways to treat it
If a person wants his teeth and gums to be always strong and not to be destroyed, then he should carefully monitor the oral cavity. The general condition of the peri-toothed tissues directly affects the health of all teeth and gums.
Gum diseases in adults - a fairly common phenomenon. Get rid of these ailments is not so easy and for several visits to a qualified dentist gums can not be cured, as it can be with dental caries. In this regard, when the first signs and the identification of a particular gum disease, a person should immediately react and begin treatment. There are several serious gum diseases that require immediate medical intervention.
If a person does not follow the oral cavity properly, a plaque may accumulate on his teeth, which contains many pathogenic microorganisms. These microbes reproduce very quickly, subsequently penetrating into the gums. Their development process contributes to the release of toxins that adversely affect the gums, causing their inflammation. Then the gums turn red and swollen. During this period, they tend to bleed, and in the mouth there is a nauseating taste and very often there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth. All these symptoms are a signal that the person has an inflammatory disease of the gums - gingivitis.
Everyone suffers from this disease, without exception, from young children to elderly people. According to statistics, most men and women suffer from gingivitis from twenty-five to thirty.
Causes of gingivitis
The main cause of gum disease is improper oral care. People often neglect personal hygiene, as a result, various diseases occur. But sometimes the disease of teeth and gums can provoke other factors, such as:
- wrong position of the teeth;
- lack of vitamins in the body;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- improper treatment of teeth;
- malfunction hormonal in the body;
- Diabetes Mellitus;
- stress and depressive conditions;
- incorrect bite;
- malfunction in the thyroid gland.
All these factors negatively affect the oral cavity, in particular the protective properties of the teeth. There is a change in the microflora of the oral cavity and the development of gum disease. During pregnancy, when a woman undergoes a hormonal change in the body, the risk of developing gingivitis doubles.
Types of the disease
Gingivitis can be extensive and local:
- Extensive gingivitis covers the entire dentition, that is, all teeth are exposed to the disease.
- Local gingivitis can cover the area of only one or more teeth.
Gingivitis is a chronic and acute form. If a person suffers from a chronic disease, then his development is slow, and the symptomatology is peculiar to change. For some time, the symptoms may worsen, and then subside, and so continues throughout the period of the disease. Acute gingivitis manifests itself very quickly, its development occurs abruptly, without any delay.
The disease is divided into several types:
- Catarrhal gingivitis develops due to the absence or improper care of the oral cavity. With such a disease, a person has mild bleeding gums and their itching.
- Hypertrophic gingivitis is accompanied by a bad smell from the oral cavity and abundant bleeding from the gums.
- Ulcerative necrotic gingivitis occurs with the formation of sores on the gums and a large accumulation of gray plaque on the teeth.
If a person has all the symptoms of gum disease, then he needs to contact the dentist as soon as possible. After all, in the absence of proper treatment, gingivitis can progress and cause a more serious illness - periodontitis, which is much more difficult to get rid of. And gingivitis can be cured by means of special medicines, which are prescribed by the attending physician.
Treatment of gingivitis
Gingivitis is a serious gum disease, and their treatment should be timely. If the disease has just begun its development, then it is quite easy to cure it. Diagnostics and treatment of gums are carried out by doctors-periodontists and dentists-therapists.
In the treatment of gingivitis, specialists perform the following actions:
- Remove accumulated deposits from under the gums.
- The oral cavity is treated with antiseptic preparations.
- The dentist assigns the patient proper oral care.
- Finally, the patient is prescribed the necessary medications and vitamins to strengthen the gums.
Gingivitis is a superficial inflammation of the gums, so it can be cured quite quickly with the correct approach to the problem. For this use procedures such as rinses, gel applications and careful oral care. Sometimes gingivitis is treated with antibacterial drugs. Most inflammatory processes are neutralized by rinsing with "Chlorhexidine" and "Miramistin."The applications are made from "Metrogil Denta" and "Kholisal" gels. Prescribe vitamins C, P, PP and D. Teeth are cleaned with special medicinal pastes Parodontax, "Lacalut Active" and "Asepta".In some cases, the dentist may prescribe electrophoresis, ultraviolet therapy or vacuum massage.
If a person does not treat gingivitis, then, without a doubt, will get such a disease as periodontitis. With this gum disease, inflammation occurs throughout the oral cavity, including peri-toothed tissues. Malicious bacteria provoke the resolution of periodontal fibers, which ensure strong attachment of gums to the teeth. All this leads to the fact that between the teeth and gums appear holes, which are called periodontal pockets. Dental deposits accumulate in these pockets. In addition, they can excrete pus and contribute to the appearance of bad breath. Also, when a pocket appears, bone tissue is destroyed.
Periodontitis is a serious gum disease. Photo of the external manifestation of this unpleasant disease you see in the article. Periodontitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- severe pain in the gums;
- gum bleeding;
- bare teeth;
- teeth begin to stagger;
- dentogingival pockets secrete pus.
If an infection gets into the wound, the flux may develop.
The degree of periodontitis
Periodontitis is divided into three degrees of severity:
- An easy form of the disease. If a person suffers from mild illness, bleeding gums appear, during eating and brushing, pain is felt, gums become swollen and red.
- The average form of the disease. With an average form of periodontitis, the patient begins to loose or shift his teeth, often the gums bleed spontaneously.
- Severe form of the disease. In severe stages, the patient loses the affected teeth.
Treatment of periodontitis
Treatment of periodontitis in adults can be prolonged and requires complex procedures. If compared with gingivitis, then periodontitis is not treated at home. First of all, when treating this disease, the dentist cleans the periodontal pockets. All this is done by means of a special procedure by ultrasound or with the help of tools by which the specialist performs scraping of the entire contents of the pocket. Then he puts a medicine into the cleared pocket, which stimulates the growth of bone tissue. This procedure is accompanied by severe pain, therefore, it is performed after the patient is given local anesthesia.
In case of severe form of gum disease, gingivectomy is often performed, the operation of purifying periodontal pockets, after which removal of the inflamed areas is performed. This prevents repeated accumulation in the pockets of dental deposits.
In case a person suffering from periodontitis lost his teeth, the dentist will perform the installation of prostheses. The dentition of teeth is eliminated by the procedure of splinting. Teeth are fastened to the gums with fiberglass or aramid yarn. Basically, a similar procedure is performed on the anterior row of teeth, since in the future this will allow the patient to normally eat without feeling uncomfortable.
In addition, periodontitis is treated with anti-inflammatory and antiseptic drugs. They are used as tablets for oral administration, rinses, baths and applications.
Periodontal disease is not an inflammatory disease. With this gum disease, a slow loss of bone tissue occurs in a person. He feels awkward at the time of eating, brushing his teeth and when the teeth get hot or cold.
With this disease does not occur dentogingival pockets, there is no bleeding gums, they do not swell and do not blush. With periodontal disease, the destruction of bone tissue occurs, as a result of which the teeth begin to stagger or fall out.
Causes of periodontal disease
The reasons for the appearance of periodontal disease are as follows:
- glitches on the hormonal background;
- bad habits, such as tobacco smoking or the systematic reception of alcohol products;
- Vessel change;
- lack of put vitamins in the body.
Gum disease and their treatment. Parodontosis
First of all, when treating this disease, a specialist identifies the cause of its appearance. When there is periodontal disease due to diseases of the digestive organs, special diets are prescribed. They fill the deficiency of vitamins and cleanse the body of toxins.
At home, periodontal disease is treated with mouth rinses with various tinctures, such as calendula, propolis, immortelle. Also, massage the gums, using the oil of coriander or mint.
Antibacterial and hormonal agents, vitamins and ethers are prescribed for medicines. When teeth fall out, splints are assigned or insertion of prostheses is performed.
For complex forms of the disease, surgical intervention can be prescribed. Experts conduct bone tissue growth.
How to prevent tooth and gum disease
It is known that the disease is better prevented. To prevent gum disease, a person should visit the dentist more often and carefully monitor the mouth completely. After all, it's better to go to the reception several times than to be treated for months. Therefore, a person needs:
- To carry out a sanitation of the oral cavity twice a year.
- Groom for teeth and gums.
- To ensure that the blood circulation of the gums is stable, you need to do a gum massage every day with a brush.
- During brushing teeth should be careful with the spaces between the teeth, so clean those places should be neat, without special pressure.
- Food, if possible, use one with lots of protein.