Pustular skin diseases
Pustular skin diseases are a group of diseases that are caused by streptococci and staphylococci. Evolving data of the state under the influence of internal disturbances. These include diabetes mellitus, blood diseases, disorders of the stomach and intestines, obesity, neuropathy, liver disease. Pustular diseases can also be caused by external influences: microtrauma, cooling, overheating, rubbing, skin contamination, malnutrition. Long-term therapy with cytostatics and corticosteroids also makes a significant contribution to the development of diseases.
Classification of pustular diseases is carried out on the basis of pathogens. Separate streptodermia and staphyloderma. They are divided into deep and superficial.
Superficial pustular skin diseases are divided into osteoploculitis, folliculitis, sycosis, epidemic pemphigus of newborns. Deep pustular diseases include furuncles, carbuncles, hydradenitis.
Osteofolliculitis is a disease characterized by the formation of an abscess in the mouth of the hair follicles. On the edge of this formation there is a narrow bright color rim. Out of the penny center, the hair extends. With the direct dissemination of the purulent process deep into the hair follicle, the disease can be transformed into folliculitis. From the first disease it is distinguished by the large size of the inflammatory infiltrate, which is located around the hair. There are single and multiple forms of folliculitis and osteofolliculitis.
Sycoses are pustular skin diseases that are characterized by the formation of multiple folliculitis and osteofolliculitis. The skin is infiltrated and has a cyanotic-red color. The peculiarity of this disease is the finding of all elements at different stages of development. Sycosis develops on the skin of the upper lip and chin.
Epidemic pemphigus occurs in the first ten days of a baby's life. It is characterized by high infectiousness, the formation of numerous bubbles, which have a transparent or cloudy content, a thin flabby surface. These formations are usually located on the entire skin, except for the soles and palms. Bubbles are dumped, resulting in thin crusts. They can also merge, then open, resulting in massive erosive surfaces that can capture the entire skin. Sometimes other diseases can join, which often leads to death.
Pustular skin diseases. Treatment of
For the treatment of such diseases, aniline dyes and alcohol solutions are used externally. If necessary, the pustules are opened and washed with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, then lubricated with disinfectant solutions. Sycoses are usually treated with ointments that contain antibacterial substances.
In the absence of effects from surface therapy, oral or intravenous antibiotics are prescribed. Chronic and recurrent forms require the use of specific immunotherapy.
To prevent purulent skin diseases as rarely as possible, it is necessary to follow preventive measures that include strict adherence to hygiene rules, strict diet, timely treatment of internal diseases that can provoke these conditions.
Superficial pustular diseases are not life threatening. But they require timely treatment. Otherwise, complications can develop which will negatively affect the condition of the whole organism.