Effective antibiotics for stomatitis in children
Such an ailment as stomatitis is common in newborns and children of primary school age. In addition to the characteristic rash on the mucous membrane of the mouth, the inflammatory process is accompanied by other symptoms. Only after establishing the etiology of ailment, a specialist can prescribe antibiotics for treatment. When stomatitis in children, this group of medicines is used exclusively in severe cases. Let us consider in more detail how to correctly treat infectious pathology, and what drugs are used in pediatric practice.
The causes of the appearance of stomatitis
One of the frequent diseases that occur in pediatric dentistry is stomatitis, an inflammatory process developing in the oral cavity. Provoke the development of the disease various pathogens that enter the body of the child in various ways. Harmful bacteria can and initially be in the oral cavity, and with a decrease in the protective functions of the immune system to begin its reproduction, which leads to the development of stomatitis.
The main cause of the development of ailment in children is poor hygiene of pacifiers and toys. In addition, young children learn the world through the surrounding objects and try to shove them into their mouths. Injured mucous membrane of the mouth - the entrance gate for pathogenic microorganisms.
Another reason is long-term antibiotic therapy. In this case, doctors talk about the development of a candida form( thrush).Often found and bacterial stomatitis in children. Treatment with antibiotics in this case is carried out after establishing the type of pathogen. Such pathogens can be caused by microorganisms such as streptococcus, staphylococcus and other pathogens of specific infections. Frequent appearance of sores indicates the weakness of the immune system of the child.
The manifestation of the disease completely depends on its kind. A common symptom is the appearance of a sores that resemble sores on the mucous membrane of the mouth. In young children, behavioral changes are also observed. Kids become moody, often crying for no apparent reason and pulling their fingers in the mouth. This is due to the fact that stomatitis causes unpleasant, rather painful sensations and general discomfort.
The most common form is herpetic stomatitis. The appearance of sores on the mucosa is accompanied by an increase in temperature, signs of intoxication of the body. In case of bacterial infection, an antibiotic can be prescribed to the baby.
When aphthous stomatitis in children is important to find out the etiology of the disease. The pathology develops against the backdrop of disturbances in the functioning of the immune system. In this case, the child's temperature rises, lymph nodes increase, appetite worsens.
Bacterial type of stomatitis is also common in children of different age groups. For this type of disease is characterized by redness of the mucous membrane of the mouth, the appearance of painful sores and swelling. Having determined the type of pathogenic agent, the doctor obligatorily prescribes antibiotics.
How to treat stomatitis in children?
When a child has a sore on the oral mucosa, parents should immediately seek medical help. Treatment of ailment deals with a pediatrician or a children's dentist. Therapy consists in the use of systemic and local medicines. The use of antibiotics for stomatitis in children is not always advisable. Most doctors try not to use this group of medicines. The treatment is carried out mainly with the help of antiseptics in the form of rinsing solutions. Antiviral and antifungal ointments for the treatment of ulcers in the mouth are used for herpetic and candidal stomatitis. Aerosols-anaesthetics are used in severe pain syndrome only if the child is over a year old.
What antibiotics are prescribed for stomatitis?
A child with symptoms of stomatitis should be examined by a doctor. The decision on the need to take antibacterial drugs is taken only after determining the type of pathogen. Do not do without these medicines in case of rapid spread of rashes on the mucous membrane of the mouth and deterioration of the child's condition. It is extremely dangerous to select medicines on your own.
Antibiotics for stomatitis in children are prescribed taking into account the age group of the patient and the severity of the course of the disease. With a properly selected therapy scheme, it is possible to cope with the symptoms of the disease in a short period of time.
With stomatitis, the following medicines are effective:
Should I treat stomatitis with antibiotics?
Not every parent treats antibacterial drugs positively. Each drug in this category has many contraindications and negative consequences. The last point worries parents the most. Active substances contained in antibiotics adversely affect not only the vital activity of pathogenic agents, but also significantly reduce the number of beneficial bacteria in the body.
The intestinal microflora is mainly affected by the blow. Therefore, antibiotics for stomatitis in children are used with extreme caution. After treatment, most patients have abnormalities in the digestive system, manifested as a dysbiosis.
In addition, the treatment of a child's stomatitis with antibiotics can lead to a relapse of the disease. This is due to the fact that after a long reception of bactericidal preparations, the protective functions of the immune system are weakened, and the organism becomes vulnerable to pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, before you start treatment, you need to get advice from a dentist or pediatrician and find out which antibiotics to take when stomatitis. In children, such an ailment usually passes in a mild form and does not require the use of strong drugs.
"Sumamed" with stomatitis
Effective drug from the group of macrolides is considered "Sumamed" - an antibiotic, developed on the basis of azithromycin. The active substance actively inhibits the development of gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms. According to reviews, this drug( with proper application) is well tolerated by the kids. For the treatment of dental and ENT diseases, it can be used as directed by a specialist.
The preparation is released in the form of a suspension having a pleasant taste, and tablets. Dosage is calculated according to the weight of the child. In the form of a suspension, the drug can be taken no more than five days, and in tablets - no more than three. The daily dosage should be determined by the doctor.
Is "Augmentin" effective for stomatitis?
Antibacterial agent "Augmentin" refers to semisynthetic penicillins. For the treatment of stomatitis it is prescribed in the form of tablets, suspension or syrup solely in severe cases. The active components of the drug are substances such as clavulanate and amoxicillin. Strong composition allows to achieve significant improvement in the state after 2 days.
The drug can be used to treat babies from 2 months old, but only according to the doctor's prescription."Augmentin" in the form of a suspension must be prepared immediately before the start of therapy. The dose for the child can be calculated only by the attending physician.
Which antibiotic is better?
When stomatitis to a child, antibacterial drugs are prescribed in case of spreading ulcerative lesions in the oral cavity and inefficiency of other methods. The optimal preparation can be chosen only by a specialist. In addition to antibiotics, the doctor will prescribe other auxiliary medicines: anesthetics, antipyretic drugs, keratoplasty.
Antibiotics for children's stomatitis do help to quickly cope with an ailment if it has a bacterial etiology. It is important to follow the doctor's recommendations regarding the dosage and dosage regimen. To normalize the state of the intestinal microflora, after the course of antibiotic therapy the child is recommended to give drugs from the group of probiotics.